Apartment plants

Ficus triangularis


GeneralitŠ°


Ficus triangularis is a medium-sized tree native to the rain forests of Asia; the specimens grown in pots remain much smaller than those free to develop in nature, in fact they do not exceed 200-250 cm in height. They have a long, woody stem, which has dense and thick branches; the crown is broad, rounded. On the lower part of the stem, with the passing of the years, showy aerial roots often develop. The foliage is dark green, leathery, quite often; the particular triangular shape of the leaves gives the species its name. Along the stem develop flowers and fruits: small green figs, which become yellowish when ripe; they are not edible. This species of ficus is not very common on the market, there are also varieties with variegated leaves, of light green and white; ficus triangularis is also used as a bonsai.

Exposure and irrigation



The ficus triangularis is grown in apartment, with minimum temperatures close to 10-12 ° C. As for the exposure, he prefers very bright locations, but far from the sun rays that could yellow and dry the leaves; during the summer months it is possible to bring the plants outdoors, having the foresight to expose them to a few hours of direct sunlight, possibly in a gradual manner. As for irrigation, it is important to water the plant regularly from April to September, but wait until the soil is completely dry before supplying water again; this to avoid the formation of water stagnation and root rot; in this period let's remember to add to the water of the fertilizer for green plants, every 10-15 days. We intensify the watering during the hottest months of the year. With the arrival of autumn instead we thin out the watering, intervening only when the soil has been dry for a few days.

Land and reproduction



The choice of soil for the cultivation of a plant is fundamental if satisfactory results are to be obtained. Each species needs a particular type of soil and each variety therefore has specific crop needs. These species of ficus prefer soft, very well drained soils, rich in organic matter. The plant develops very slowly, it is in any case advisable to repot it, at least every 2-3 years, providing fresh and rich soil. The plant is multiplied by cuttings, using the apex of semi-woody branches, in summer. The engraftment is not very fast and not even very probable, so it is advisable to prepare numerous cuttings to have greater chances of success.

Ficus triangularis: Pests and diseases



Speaking of diseases and pests that could affect the plant, the most dangerous hazards for ficus triangularis are the mites and cochineal that nest beneath the leaves, especially in the case of very dry weather. The plant also fears the development of rust on the leaves.