Ruta - Ruta graveolens

Ruta - Ruta graveolens

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Ruta graveolens comes from southern Europe, where it can grow spontaneously, especially in flat lands and along the coasts.
It is an aromatic plant with very fragrant leaves and roots, very used in cooking and to flavor grappa. This variety is often also used as an ornamental plant since its foliage has an evergreen character with a green color with a bluish reflection, which makes it particularly interesting to give an original color to the corners of the garden. During the summer season, then, plants of this type have a delicate flowering of small flowers with a yellow color and shades of green. These plants, after flowering, have numerous fruits that are represented by capsules containing black seeds.
If taken in high doses the rue can be toxic.


Ruta graveolens is a plant with a rustic character that is also suitable for areas with harsh climate. However, during the winter it is good to protect the roots of the plant with dry leaves, straw or mulching material to ensure the best protection for the plant, especially in areas where the minimum temperatures are rather harsh.
This kind of plants, however, prefers areas with warm temperate climates and optimal exposure occurs in sunny places or, at most, in areas in semi-shaded possession.


This particular variety of aromatic plant needs well drained and sunny soils. It is however a plant with a rustic character and, for this reason, it is able to adapt to any type of soil, even if its preference is for poor and well drained substrates, with the presence of limestone and friable, so that it is not allowed the formation of water stagnations, which are particularly harmful for this kind of plant.
Ruta graveolens plants are usually planted in October, or in March.


The reproduction of the specimens belonging to this aromatic variety can occur by cuttings, by seed or by division of the tufts. Each technique must be performed with care and expertise to obtain the desired results; as far as the cutting technique is concerned, it should be done during the summer period, placing the cuttings in a suitable substrate for their growth. The division of the tufts must be practiced in spring, as well as the sowing, which can be performed in the period from the end of winter to the beginning of spring.
When new specimens are sown, it is good to mix the used fertilizer with organic fertilizer that allows the best development.
In spring, to maintain a compact appearance, the branches are cut off, leaving the old wood.

Ruta - Ruta graveolens: Diseases and parasites

Given the rustic and resistant character that allows Ruta graveolens plants to grow in different environmental conditions, this variety is not usually attacked by pests and diseases; but, in the presence of water stagnation, it is possible to notice the onset of dangerous root rot due to the lack of drainage of the soil. In this case it is good to intervene quickly, to ensure that the root rot does not irreparably compromise the health of the plant.


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