Garden

Hypericum - Hypericum


The Hypericum


There are many plants belonging to the genus of the Hypericus; they are mostly small herbaceous perennials, but there are also small evergreen or deciduous shrubs; many species and varieties are used as ornamental plants, although most species exhibit the same beneficial characteristics as the officinal plant. The officinal species is called Hypericum perforatum, a perennial herbaceous plant, evergreen in areas with a mild winter climate; the foliage appears pierced, as the leaf lamina is covered with small translucent vesicles. During late spring it produces small golden-colored flowers, typical of the hypericum and flowering lasts a few weeks. All species of hypericum produce star-shaped flowers, some continue to bloom throughout the summer, these flowers are the main reason why the hypericum is so successful as a garden plant.

Exposure



The hypericum plants prefer rather sunny positions in places where the summer season is mild and the half-shade positions in the territories where the summers are very hot and sultry. It is a plant that does not fear the cold of the winter season and for this reason, its cultivation is possible even in those areas characterized by rather difficult climates.
As far as irrigation is concerned, hypericum seedlings are generally satisfied with rainwater. If you find yourself in hot and dry months, when weeks of drought are occurring without rainy days, you should water St. John's wort regularly.

Soil and fertilization



The Hypericum grows well in any type of soil. The important thing is that it appears loose and well drained. Fertilization should be carried out at the beginning of spring when the plant is preparing for vegetative growth.
The fertilizer must be slow-release or with mature manure. If we wish to reproduce our Hypericum, it is good to know that the multiplication can take place by semi-woody cutting, by sowing or by dividing the tufts thanks to the stolons that grow from the mother plant. To carry out sowing it is good to wait for the months of September, October and November.

Hypericum - Hypericum: Property of the Hypericum



This plant has been used for centuries as a medicinal plant, the hypericum extract, prepared by macerating the plant in vegetable oil, has always been used for cleaning wounds, as an antibacterial and healing agent.
Chemical research on the plant showed that hypericum extract has strong properties in the treatment of depression and insomnia. Hypericin is a substance typical of hypericum plants that allows the deactivation of certain receptors in the nervous system, reducing stress and increasing the production of melatonin during the night.
The hypericum is also used in the preparation of cosmetics for the skin, as its emollient, antibacterial and healing properties are used to cure impure skin. In this case it is mainly products such as hypericum based creams and oils. Hypericum oil also has an excellent effect for the treatment of gastritis, which can be combated by taking a teaspoon of oil a day for different durations depending on the problem. However, the amount of oil to be taken varies greatly depending on the type of preparation, therefore we invite those who want to cure gastritis with St. John's wort oil to consult a professional.