Apartment plants

Zamia - Zamioculcas


The Zamioculacas is a beautiful succulent plant, very common as a houseplant, the botanical name is Zamioculcas zamiifolia; in reality zamioculcas has stolen its common name from another botanical genus, zamia, which has very similar leaves, although it is a palm. Produces fleshy, erect or arched stems, up to 40-60 cm long, which bear numerous oval, dark green leaves. It hardly happens for plants cultivated in pots, but in nature these plants produce particular white or greenish inflorescences, which bloom near the ground, similar to the flowers of the calla lilies, with a large panicle inflorescence, partially wrapped in a light bract.

Cultivation of zamia

Like most of the succulent plants, even the zamies bear drought without problems, and they fear water stagnation, they must therefore be watered only in the vegetative period, from March to October, always waiting for the ground to be well dry between a watering and the 'other; during the winter months we can water only sporadically, touching the ground with our fingers, to check that it does not stay wet for long. Always in the vegetative period we supply small doses of fertilizer, using a specific fertilizer for succulents, poor in nitrogen, every 12-15 days, mixed with the water of the waterings. It loves very well drained soils, which contain a good quantity of incoherent material, such as sand or fine-grained pumice stone.

Exposure and irrigation

As regards exposure, let's see together what the specific cultivation needs of the plant are. These plants are placed in a very bright place, possibly where they can enjoy a few hours of sun a day. These are vigorous plants, which tend to survive even in conditions that are not exactly ideal; in fact they develop without major problems even if grown in complete shade, or in full sun; they withstand problems of drought even very long without any problem, even if the total absence of water can cause the loss of most of the foliage, which will regrow as soon as the water is supplied again.

Zamia - Zamioculcas: Various problems

Zamia plants are quite vigorous, and generally do not suffer from particular problems; surely the main cause of vegetative problems for a zamioculcas are watering: an always damp soil often leads to radical rot, which can even compromise the life of the plant. Conversely very little watering and the dry climate of the apartment leads to the spread of scale insects. To avoid this type of problem it is sufficient to arm oneself with patience and water the plant only when necessary, avoiding however never to do it; then we touch the ground, if it is dry we water, if it is wet we wait a few days; during the summer we occasionally vaporize the foliage with demineralized water. Even in winter, when the plant is closed in the house, often in poorly ventilated places, to avoid exposing it to cold currents, we avoid leaving it completely dry: rather than watering it, we also proceed in this case by vaporizing the foliage, avoiding excesses .