Apartment plants

Erides - Aerides


GeneralitŠ°


The genus Aerides includes 15-20 species of epiphytic orchids, originating in Asia. Generally they have small dimensions, but quite vigorous growth and tend to produce numerous basal shoots; the leaves are elongated, thick and leathery, shiny; in spring the Erides produce numerous pendulous ears, 20-25 cm long, consisting of numerous fragrant flowers, white, pink or purple, waxy, which often have, in the lower part, a short spur facing forward. These plants are widely cultivated by orchid lovers, since cultivation is not very difficult, moreover these plants produce flowers in profusion and sometimes they bloom several times a year. Over time, numerous hybrids have been produced, with variegated flowers or particularly bright colors.

Exposure



The aerides need a lot of light: in cold periods of the year they can be placed in full sun, while in the warm months it is good to shade them a little.
In general they need a warm-temperate climate throughout the year, with 15-18 ° C at night and 30-35 ° C during the day. The environmental humidity must be quite high, even around 70/75% and the Erides must be placed in rooms with good air exchange.

Watering



Water the Aerides regularly, even every day, all year round, as these plants do not have a period of vegetative rest; provide frequent vaporization of the leaves with non-calcareous water. When temperatures are lower, however, it is possible to thin out one's own watering and vaporization interventions.
Every 15-20 days add specific fertilizer for orchids to the water.

Ground



To grow Erides plants use specific soil for epiphytic plants, consisting of fragmented bark and vegetable fiber, very well drained but capable of retaining a bit of moisture necessary for the balanced development of the roots. These orchids are often grown in hanging baskets, to be able to enjoy the pendulous inflorescences to the fullest.
Potted plants should be repotted when the roots have now occupied the whole container, taking care to choose one of only slightly larger sizes. Repotting also allows the substrate to be replaced, which over time tends to deteriorate and lose its characteristics.

Multiplication


Reproduction occurs by division, periodically detaching the basal shoots from the mother plant, leaving a well-developed root to the portions.
The new plants are immediately buried in a single container and watered abundantly, keeping them in a protected and ventilated place to allow the plant to gain strength and develop at its best.

Erides - Aerides: Parasites and diseases



Sometimes the cochineal nestles at the base of the leaves. To eliminate the problem it is good to intervene quickly, when the infestation is not widespread, so as to be able to intervene manually with the elimination of parasites through the use of a cotton swab with alcohol to pass on the leaves.
Even root rots can be a serious problem for this plant, check that the substrate allows an excellent drainage.