Genus that includes about 5-6 species of epiphytic orchids, originating in Indonesia and the Philippines, of small or medium size. The long leaves grow paired, with the lower part partly wrapped around a short fleshy stem; the leaves are rigid, thick, shiny, of a bright dark green color. In the winter months they produce inflorescences at leaf axils, which carry numerous flowers, even more than 30, but in a number highly variable from species to species. They are small in size, are generally pale, pink or yellow in color, with contrasting streaks; they have a delicate scent and the petals are thick and fleshy. Generally the inflorescences are similar to panicles, and they hang downwards, this makes the tuberolabiums very suitable to be cultivated in hanging containers or on bark rafts. Sometimes the flowers of Tuberolabium bloom in succession over several weeks.
Location is a very important element to take into account when deciding to grow an orchid. Depending on the type of plant, it is advisable to choose an ideal place to guarantee our plants the necessary light or the half shade they need to develop.
The Tuberolabiums should be placed in a partially shaded, but bright enough place. It is important to avoid direct sun rays, especially during the summer months as they could cause irreparable damage to the leaves and flowers of the plant. Minimum temperatures should never be below 15-18 ° C; otherwise, if you have to lower yourself a lot, our orchid could have difficulty growing healthy and vigorous.
These particular orchids should be watered regularly throughout the year, avoiding water stagnation and always waiting for the substratum to dry slightly between one watering and another. If the irrigations are too abundant in fact, radical rots could develop capable of compromising the development of the plant.
When deciding to cultivate a plant, it is good to find out about the type of soil that this needs. Each species needs a particular type of soil capable of providing the nutrients the plant needs to grow and develop at its best. To best cultivate our tuberolabium orchid, use a compound for epiphytic plants, consisting of pieces of bark, vegetable fibers and sphagnum moss. It is also useful to supply the plant with specific fertilizer for orchids to be dissolved in the irrigation water and to be administered to the plant every 25 - 30 days. During the flowering period, suspend the fertilization as it is not necessary.
Reproducing an orchid is not so difficult but it is important to follow basic cultivation rules. Plant multiplication generally occurs during sowing during the spring season.
Tuberolabium: Pests and diseases
As for the diseases and parasites that could attack our orchid, it is good to remember that sometimes mites and aphids can ruin the leaves and flowers of our beautiful orchid depriving it of its strength and vitality. Another problem could be related to too abundant watering. When the irrigations are excessive, it is possible that the orchid develops radical rots.