Apartment plants

Brassada


GeneralitŠ°


Generally, there are few orchid species available in the nursery, but these plants are present on the earth with thousands of species and varieties, and fortunately enthusiasts tend to spread more and more every year, even if they are not always suitable species for beginners with not too green thumb. In the case of Brassada it is a hybrid between two species, the Brassia and the Ada, which gave rise to a fairly simple plant of cultivation, which generally also flourishes for the neophytes of the cultivation of orchids. There are only three species of brassada, namely Brassada Mivada, Brassada orange, and Brassada Mem Bert Field; the differences between the three species are found only in the color of the flowers, which goes from a yellow egg yolk to a light orange, and in the presence of more or less dark spots.

The plant



This orchid is quite large, generally not exceeding 25-45 cm in height, but tends to always produce new pseudobulbs, if well cultivated, giving rise to real tufts of leaves; it produces fleshy pseudobulbs, from which develop long ribbon-like leaves, of a bright green color, not excessively cuoiose, erect or arched. The development of new leaves occurs throughout the year, making the plant decorative even when it is not in bloom. Towards the end of summer or in autumn long pseudobulbs develop long reddish stems, generally turned downwards, or in any case arched, which will bear numerous orange or deep yellow flowers; from each pseudobulb, two floral stems can also be produced; the flowers have the tips of petals and very elongated sepals, to remember the long legs of a spider; sometimes the brassada flowers bloom in ball-shaped inflorescences, very particular and decorative. After it has bloomed, every single stem dries up; therefore at the end of flowering we can cut the thin stems to the base, because they will not sprout further.

Cultivation



It is a simple plant to cultivate, which generally tolerates apartment life, in fact it often tends to adapt to climates that are not particularly suitable for the development of an orchid.
He loves the positions quite bright, but not exposed to direct sunlight; if too close to a window, with strong sunlight, it often shows dark spots on the foliage; just remove the damaged leaves and place our brassada in a slightly less bright place to solve the problem.
It is grown in a specific soil for epiphytic orchids, characterized by the presence of incoherent material, such as bits of bark, shredded sphagnum peat, sometimes also polystyrene or pumice stone; in this substratum the roots of the plant can develop freely, remaining mostly in the air.
Plants are repotted after flowering.
Watering must be regular, always waiting for the substratum to dry slightly between one watering and another; these orchids can occasionally withstand an excess of water or even a short period of drought; after flowering usually the substratum is left dry for 2-3 weeks, and then it starts again with regular watering.
During flowering fertilizations are also suspended, which will be regular throughout the rest of the year, every 15-20 days, using a specific fertilizer for orchids, or a universal fertilizer, but in a dose reduced to about a third compared to that recommended on the package.
As with other orchids, and I would say also for many other houseplants, it often happens that the climate at home is very dry, either because it is summer and the climate is decidedly drought even outdoors, because we have activated the plant air conditioning or heating, which take a serious amount of humidity from the environment.
For most plants the artificial climate present in the home is definitely too dry; to increase the humidity we can remember to vaporize demineralized water near our plants periodically, about a couple of times a day; or we can place the plants in a container that contains on the bottom a layer of some centimeters of expanded clay: keeping the clay always immersed in water for half of its thickness, we will obtain an increase in humidity, due to the evaporation of the water , while avoiding that the roots and the growing substrate of the plant are constantly wet.
If we have many plants at home we can also place a humidifier near them, to keep them running for a few hours a day. Of course, if we activate the humidifier for the plants and the dehumidifier of the air conditioner at the same time, we complicate our lives by ourselves; if in our house in summer the climate is hell we can move plants outdoors, where we can also place the humidifier, or vaporize them frequently, without affecting the work of the air conditioner. Or we will be able to move the plants to a little-lived room in the house, where we can operate the humidifier, after closing the door.

Brassada: Hybridize orchids



There are thousands of species of orchids, subdivided into genera, tribe and tribe; man, not satisfied with the innumerable shapes and colors that characterize these plants, over the years has produced innumerable new varieties, hybridizing among them the orchids belonging to the same tribe or under tribe. In fact hybridizing between them two species of orchids is relatively easy, and generally gives rise to healthy, robust and fertile plants, with characteristics taken from the two or more progenitors hybridized between them. For orchids hybridization is so easy that hybrids have often been hybridized together, giving rise to plants that have more than two species of orchids among their ancestors; even 7-8 species hybridize with each other progressively, to give rise to incredible flowering. In fact it is quite strange that the enthusiasts have so hybridized their own orchids, which offer exemplary blooms even simply in non-hybrid species. But how does hybridization take place? For a novice hobbyist it is perhaps easier to hybridize violets or primroses; proceed first of all by separating the two plants you intend to hybridize, placing them for example under a gauze bag; this to make sure that the insects or the wind do not come to ruin the game, stirring at will the cards; then, using a brush, pollen is taken from a flower and placed in the flower of the second plant and / or vice versa. With primroses, and with many species of orchids, this operation is easily practicable since the male and female sexual organs contained in the flower are simultaneously ready for reproduction; in other plants this does not always happen, and therefore this operation involves different difficulties to be carried out. Once the pollen is spread, cover the flower with fine gauze, so that it is not touched further. After a few days or weeks we will have the fruits, and therefore the seeds; we will be able to sow them to see what we have obtained from the intersection, preserving only the plants that have given us more interesting results.