The black pear tree - Amelanchier rotundifolia is a deciduous flowering and fruit shrub native to southern Europe and the American continent, rarely exceeding three meters in size.
It presents opaque green leaves, oval, alternate, dentate, just popped, they are covered by a fine whitish down, and are usually pink.
The trunk is thin, often multiple, and the bark is smooth and dark.
At the beginning of spring it produces dense clusters of white flowers, very fragrant, which bloom for a very short period, especially if the climate is particularly hot, appearing before the leaves; flowering is usually very showy and decorative.
In summer it produces small, edible berries, which become red or purple when ripe; inside they contain 4-5 seeds. In autumn, the amelanchier leaves offer a splendid view tinged with orange-red.
The black pear tree - Amelanchier rotundifolia particularly likes very sunny positions, which favor flowering and fruit production, but it grows well even in partially shady areas; does not develop very well in full shade. They are very rustic shrubs, and do not fear the cold at all, surviving without problems even in the harshest winters.
Soil and watering
The Amelanchier they do not have great needs with regard to the soil, as long as it is very well drained, in fact they are very afraid of excess water and water stagnation; It is therefore preferable to bury it in universal soil mixed with coarse-grained material, such as pumice stone or perlite. It does not require large quantities of fertilizer, although it is important to bury a good quantity of organic fertilizer at the base of the tree, in autumn and spring.
The multiplication of the Black Ravine (Amelanchier rotundifolia) can take place by seed, using fresh seeds extracted from ripe fruits in late summer, sown in a mixture of peat and sand in equal parts and kept in a cool and not too dry place for some months , usually germinate at the end of winter. This method is not always recommended, since it is not said that daughter plants are identical to the mother plant; to better maintain the characteristics of the plant to be multiplied it is advisable to use basal shoots, which usually grow in large quantities, should be rooted in a vase, with a mixture of peat and sand in equal parts. We use this method when we want to propagate a specimen with particularly abundant flowering or very large fruits.
Pests and diseases
This shrub is not very delicate, but it can happen that it can be affected by pests and diseases. One of the most common is gray mold; or it can be ruined by oidium. Sometimes it is attacked by aphids and cochineal. In any case these hardships hardly cause serious problems to the plants of at least 2-3 years.
Black pear tree - Amelanchier rotundifolia: Variety
A. alnifolia: native to North America, with small fruits and showy flowering;
A. stolonifera has particularly large and sweet fruits.
A. asiatica is the only species native to the Asian continent.
A. oblongifolia, a native of Canada.