Blackberries are a very beautiful berry! Even just looking at the picture is enough to make you want to eat it! Juicy, rich color - just imagine its taste! But in order to grow and eat a berry, you must first take care of the plant itself, so that it bears fruit abundantly.
- Blackberry groups
- Blackberry diseases
What is it like caring for a blackberry? What should be done in order for the bushes to present you with a rich harvest of delicious berries? Is there a difference when planting blackberry varieties belonging to different groups? What you need to know about diseases?
- Any garden plant needs watering. Blackberries should be watered especially abundantly when new shoots are growing, when fruits are set and, of course, when berries are ripening.
- Once every 2-3 years, blackberries should be fed with rotted manure or mature compost, for which the soil under the plants is loosened and manure is added, mixing with the ground. Manure consumption is taken at the rate of 4-6 kg per 1 sq. m.
- To preserve moisture, blackberry mulching is used with compost. Every year in the spring, after warming up the soil, a layer of 5-8 cm is poured.
- Between the application of organic fertilizers, the blackberry must be fed with mineral fertilizers, for example, nitrophos (a combination of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium). The recommended dose is 20-30 g per 1 sq. m.
- Blackberries are a relative of raspberries. Therefore, experts recommend feeding blackberry bushes with the favorite "delicacy" of raspberries - water solutions of chicken manure or cow cakes. This top dressing is good for the month of June.
- The formation of blackberry bushes is also part of the care process. Most often, pruning is carried out in the fall. In the spring, the tops of the branches that have frozen over the winter should be removed.
- After the harvest, which lasts almost until the end of September, the fruit-bearing shoots of blackberries are cut out. At the same time, they thin out the bushes, leaving stronger shoots.
- Pinching the tops of young shoots in late May - early June promotes the expansion of the bush in breadth, lateral branches are formed, which increases fruiting. Replacement shoots are pinched upon reaching a height of 80-90 cm.
- To improve the conditions for harvesting and caring for blackberry bushes, the plants are tied to a trellis or a plastic coarse mesh is stretched. For the winter, the net can be untied from the support and the bushes can be lowered along with it.
- For the winter, blackberries must be covered with a layer of plastic wrap in case the temperatures drop below 20 degrees Celsius.
From the groups of blackberries, the following are distinguished: kumaniks and dews.
Vigorous shrubs with erect shoots or slightly drooping ones are referred to kumaniks. Mildews have creeping, long shoots. In both groups, shoots of the last year bear fruit, after which they die off, perennial wood is not formed. When pruning two-year-old shoots, 6-8 stems are left in dewweeds, and 4-6 in Kumaniks.
Kumaniks are propagated by root cuttings and root suckers. The first method is more effective, in which in the spring the plots cut from the roots are planted in the soil, placing young blackberries in a horizontal position. Roosniki reproduce well by rooting the ends of the shoots. For this, non-lignified blackberry shoots are sprinkled with earth in a groove. The optimal rooting time is the second decade of August.
Fruiting in blackberries is always prolonged, however, in brambles, dews are slightly ahead of them. Pollination occurs at the expense of its own pollen, so it is not necessary to plant several varieties.
The distance in the row when planting blackberries also depends on the selected group. For kumaniks usually take a distance of 60-70 cm, and for dewdrops - up to 150 cm.If you have a desire to lay the second row and more, you must leave a wide aisle - from 130 to 180 cm.
Mildews are more frost-resistant, withstand temperatures up to -200 C. But both types of culture require shelter. Covering kumanik is easier, since the shoots are spreading. Kumaniku bend down gradually. First, the bushes are untied and allowed to bend under their own weight, then a load can be tied from above, which will gradually tilt the shoots. You can not bend them to the very ground, immediately lay the covering material and fix it well. The snow cover will gradually bend down the laid bushes.
Blackberry diseases are the same as those of raspberries. Most often it is affected by fungal diseases such as anthracosis of shoots and leaves and rust of leaves.
Planting healthy blackberry bushes on uncontaminated soil is the main measure of their prevention. When signs of infection appear, a blue spraying with copper-containing preparations is carried out.
Blackberries can also be affected by stem cancer. This is a bacterial disease in which bacteria enter the blackberry through wounds. Therefore, be careful when loosening the soil and disinfect your garden tools.
Caring for blackberries is not difficult, therefore, subject to these simple manipulations, your blackberry bushes will delight you with fruits annually.