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Myrtle is an evergreen shrub. Caring for myrtle at home requires careful handling.
- Caring for myrtle at home
- Haircut and pinching
It is a plant with small ovoid shiny leaves and white small flowers, which is native to the Mediterranean, and bears fruit with dark blue berries. According to an ancient legend, Adam brought myrtle from Paradise.
Translated from Greek, "myrtle" means "balsam", so people from ancient times appreciated myrtle for its medicinal and decorative qualities - flowers and leathery leaves of myrtle are rich in essential oils, dried leaves and fruits are used as spices. By the way, the clove spice is a product of one of the varieties of myrtle.
To reduce colds in children, they put it on the windowsills in the children's room. Its phytoncides are very useful, and the smell is very pleasant. There is evidence that myrtle reduces allergic reactions in children.
Caring for myrtle at home
Caring for myrtle at home is relatively simple. Under dwelling conditions, common myrtle (the most common type) begins to bloom for about 4-5 years. It tolerates pruning well, which makes it possible to give the crown the desired shape.
Myrthu needs a microclimate with high humidity, for which it needs to be regularly sprayed. Watering is better with soft, settled water. Especially the water can not be softened, but myrtle does not tolerate lime in the soil at all. He also does not really forgive the forgetfulness of the owners, so it is simply necessary to monitor the watering.
In the warm season, caring for myrtle at home consists in creating a moderate temperature regime (18-23 degrees), providing bright light with shading from the heat. If possible, during the warm season, it is advisable to put the myrtle in an open place. Watering is regular, but not plentiful. From time to time he can have a shower. Pruned and transplanted in the spring no more than 1 time in 2 years.
In the winter (dormant period), caring for myrtle at home includes limited watering, but the soil does not need to be overdried. The plant is transferred to a cooler, bright place with a temperature of up to 8 degrees, otherwise the myrtle will begin to shed its leaves. But you shouldn't worry too much, since in the spring the myrtle will restore the foliage. Thus, myrtle has a pronounced rest period from one and a half to three months.
Even short-term drying is unacceptable for the tree. If it suddenly happens that the soil in the pot is dry, immerse it in water. Myrtle also does not like stagnant water in the pan, as well as drying. But he calmly tolerates drafts, so it can be easily placed on the kitchen windowsill, where it is often ventilated. From the air stream, it even more releases useful phytoncides, which actively destroy pathogenic microbes.
Haircut and pinching
The myrtle tree can be shaped to its original shape. But it is better not to bare the barrel too much, it is not too strong. Therefore, leave side shoots as much as possible. But if, nevertheless, the purpose of growing is flowering, then you should not get carried away with pinching either, otherwise flower buds will not form.
However, shaping is still better done. To do this, decide on the desired type of tree. You can form a very squat thick pillow, or, on the contrary, you can make an airy, clarified crown on the trunk. The desired look can be achieved very quickly, in just a couple of years.
But remember that any specimens you cut need to be fed. For feeding, various fertilizers for indoor plants without chlorine are suitable.
Now there is a very good selection of varieties and hybrids. There are even modern varieties with variegated leaf color, different fruit colors, as well as double flowers. Flore Pleno has double flowers. Variegated foliage in Variegata and Tarentina Variegata varieties. Lush growth in La Clape (purple fruits) and La Clape Blanc (white berries). Dwarfs with small foliage - Microfilla, Tarentina.
Like many varietal plants, myrtle is best propagated by cuttings. This will preserve your maternal traits. With seed reproduction, the probability of maintaining varietal characteristics is sharply reduced.
Cuttings are taken from a healthy plant in a semi-lignified form. They are rooted under a film or in a greenhouse. For better root formation, stimulants are used (root, heteroauxin). Cut cuttings are stuck into the prepared soil in three knots at an angle of 45-50 degrees. During the rooting period, the moisture content of the substrate is monitored especially carefully.
So, a feature of caring for myrtle at home is the constant maintenance of soil and air moisture, and a short period of rest in winter. But he has a lot of other advantages that will more than pay off your concern for him, and bring a healthy environment and "balsamic" peace to the house.