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Caring for indoor peppers includes compliance with a number of specific conditions. But, in general, this process will not take you much time and effort.
- Growing indoor peppers
- Common mistakes in growing pepper
- Useful properties and application
Growing indoor peppers
Before planting, you need to prepare a nutritious soil with the addition of compost and humus. In addition, the presence of river sand, leafy soil and loose upper peat is desirable. The seeds are sown randomly, and then they are sprinkled with a small layer of sifted earth.
The first shoots usually appear as early as 15 days. Be sure to pinch the top of the shoot to prevent the plant from stretching out. As for the picking, it is usually carried out 30 days after planting the seeds.
Indoor pepper, the care of which includes the introduction of organic fertilizers, needs good lighting and regular feeding with a weak solution of mullein and chicken droppings.
Pepper blooms with small white flowers, which gives it a decorative, spectacular look. Do not forget also about abundant watering and loosening of the soil.
Note that fruit set is carried out without artificial pollination. After harvesting, indoor pepper needs so-called rejuvenation. To do this, it must be transplanted into new soil without damaging the root system.
How to increase life expectancy and get the fruits of house peppers by May, you can see here.
The best representatives of peppers for the windowsill are the following varieties and hybrids - Constellation, Aladdin, Ryabinushka, Indian Summer, Ogonyok, Salute, Magister, Treasure Island, Pupsik, Queen of Spades, Ukrainian yellow, Bride, Superchili F1, Bell, Carmen, Curiosity. They even have yummy names, right?
Common mistakes in growing pepper
- Overflowing peppers, as well as watering with cold water, can lead to rotting of the root system. Peppers are heat-loving plants, they need watering with settled water at room temperature. Well, if the pot is in the area of the heating system and the clod of earth dries out quickly, then they are watered more often, perhaps even every other day. Under normal conditions, twice a week. It also does not hurt to install an open container of water near the heaters for evaporation.
- If you grow pepper seedlings densely and then dive them, do not try to pinch the central root, as many advise - the peppers are very sensitive to this procedure. Of course, the plant will not die, but it will take a very long time to move away from such an execution and may not bloom.
- Often, with the appearance of pests on peppers, the owners are frightened and throw the plant away. Aphids and mites can appear in the summer from the garden or simply enter an open window, and can also move from other indoor plants. But this is absolutely not scary for pepper. He himself is the strongest repeller of sucking insects. Grind hot peppercorns and cover with warm water. After a day, add grated soap, or better "Green Soap". Spray the plant three times.
- Peppers are also often attacked by spider mites. This is also a cultivation error that manifests itself in dry climates. It is enough to regularly spray the plant, increase the air humidity. If there are too many mites and emergency measures are needed, then use Fitoverm - it is of plant origin and safe for home use.
- After transferring plants from a summer greenhouse or loggia to the house, the pepper often begins to shed its leaves. This is a sign of a lack of light. If you do not install the backlight and do not expect it to bloom in February, then the plant can be drastically cut. Cut off the shoots by about a third and immediately stop abundant watering. But the soil in pots should not be allowed to dry out; it should always remain slightly damp.
Useful properties and application
Indoor pepper, a photo of which allows you to imagine all the beauty of this plant, can be used to prepare all kinds of dishes. It is used to make a hot sauce for the sauce, and is also added during canning. Hot pepper pods are an excellent appetite booster. It tastes very good to hot borscht, fresh straight from the windowsill and to the table!
In addition, indoor pepper is a medicinal plant. Healing tincture can be prepared from it, which helps with digestive disorders, radiculitis and neuralgia. If the pepper tincture is applied externally, then it is necessary to avoid the appearance of burns.
Contraindications for the use of hot pepper are diseases of the liver and pancreas. Be careful, excessive consumption of pepper can lead to dysfunction of these organs.
Peppers, as you can see, are a fairly popular crop for growing at home. Many interesting indoor varieties and hybrids have been bred. A fairly understandable experience of amateurs has been accumulated, which we highlighted. We also analyzed the typical mistakes of growing this crop. Pepper has many beneficial properties and is used as a home remedy.