The Leycesteria formosa is a deciduous shrub, native to central Asia. It has a disordered development and the thin stems, of a bright green color, are not very branched, and tend to grow mainly upwards, rapidly reaching 100-150 cm in height. The large ovate leaves are bright green, but there are cultivars with yellow or orange buds. At the end of summer-beginning of autumn, the leycesterias produce long pendulous inflorescences, consisting of small white flowers, delicately scented, subtended by red-violet bracts. The flowers are followed by roundish purple-colored berries, much appreciated by birds. To obtain a compact bush and abundant flowering it is advisable to prune the plant in spring, shortening the entire head by at least one third.
The plants of Leycesteria formosa, in general, are satisfied with the rains, but the plants just planted in spring must be watered with a certain regularity, if the soil dries excessively.In case of prolonged drought during the summer months wet the ground in depth, at least once a week.It is a good idea to check that the soil maintains the correct humidity, without however water stagnation forming, which can be dangerous for the health of the plant.Ground
Plants of Leycesteria formosa should be planted in a soft and rich in humus, very well drained soil.
The perfect soil for this type of plant is made up of wet and cool material that does not retain excess water for too long, to prevent stagnation of water.
In autumn and spring it is advisable to sprinkle at the base of the shrub with mature organic fertilizer or slow release granular fertilizer that will give the plant all the nutrients necessary for its correct development.
As for the multiplication of this type of plant, in spring it is possible to proceed to divide the roots of roots in order to obtain new plants to be planted; in summer it is possible to prepare semi-woody cuttings, in autumn it is advisable to extract fresh seeds from the fruits. Prepared seedlings must then be kept in a temperate place, at least 15-20 ° C, or the seeds can be stored for spring sowing.
Leycesteria formosa: Pests and diseases
Generally, Leycesteria formosa plants being rustic and resistant are not attacked by pests or diseases. It is possible, however, that mites or rust appear in the warmer months. In this case it is good to intervene with targeted products, which will effectively counter the problem.