When I decided to look for information about spirea, I was surprised that, it turns out, for a long time I already knew this plant, but under a different name - meadowsweet. And only recently I discovered that in fact only herbaceous plants can be called meadowsweet, while spirea is a shrub.
This plant (spiraea in the photo) is a shrub, the branches of which are covered with bark, so you can no longer attribute spirea to herbaceous plants. This shrub is perennial, in recent years, very often it began to be planted in summer cottages, and in squares, and in parks, along alleys.
- Types and varieties of spirea
- Spirea care
- How to properly trim spirea
- How to propagate spirea
Types and varieties of spirea
Immediately it is worth noting the fact that there are so many types and varieties of spirea, which is why it has also become so popular. And sometimes you don't even guess right away that you have the same plant in front of you - their appearance, the shape of the leaves, the color of flowers can vary so much.
Firstly, the species difference begins already with the fact that the shape of the bush in plants can be quite different. In addition, the size of the plant can vary: from small bushes to huge ones. The second main difference is the timing of flowering spirits, depending on the variety or species. This is why the spirea will look great in the garden!
After all, you can plant different types of it on the site and enjoy the wave-like flowering: some varieties have faded, but others have begun to bloom behind them.
It is also pleasing that early-flowering varieties of spirea can please the eye with flowering already at the end of May, and late-flowering ones are strewn with flowers until the very frost! Truly spirea is an excellent garden decoration all year round!
If we talk about the variety of forms of this plant, then one cannot help but admire the spread in the color of its flowers: from boiling white to soft and rich pink. In addition, inflorescences can have different shapes: pyramidal, paniculate, and conical. All types and varieties of spirea are honey plants, so your garden will always attract a lot of pollinating insects and nectar collectors.
Looking at all this splendor (spirea in the photo), it may seem that the spireas will need very difficult care. But this is not the case. In fact, this shrub is quite unpretentious and does not require a lot of effort in its care.
In order for the plants to be comfortable on your site, they will need the following conditions:
- good illumination;
- loosening the soil;
- fertile land;
- good drainage that prevents stagnation of water;
- feeding three times per season;
- winter shelter for delicate varieties and young plants.
Here, in fact, are all the simple requirements that ensure good growth, development and flowering for the spirea bush. It is not difficult to provide such care, you must agree.
But when caring for a spirea, there is also the main necessary measure that can scare off many gardeners - pruning.
Moreover, pruning should not be chaotic, where it is necessary, where it sticks out, but correct.
How to properly trim spirea
It is easiest to prune varieties and types of spirales blooming in spring. They only need to remove dead, old (over 5 years of age), frozen in winter, broken branches. It is necessary to cut the branches on the spirea after flowering so as not to remove the freshly faded shoots.
If this is done, the lateral processes will grow rapidly, which will lead to the crushing of the inflorescences. In addition, the shape of the bush may also change ugly: the branches will no longer fall beautifully to the ground.
Spireas that bloom during the summer months should be trimmed in the spring. But it is better to leave young plants alone for now, and pruning is carried out only on those bushes that are at least 3-3.5 years old. Such bushes need to be pruned so that only 20-30 cm of shoots remain from the ground. Thus, a neat and beautiful bush is formed. If you are sorry to cut the bushes so much, then nothing good, alas, will come of them: young shoots will be very thin, flowering will be poor. Therefore, you need to cut short spirea bushes without sparing.
How to propagate spirea
For reproduction of spirea, seeds, layers and cuttings can be used. But when propagating by seeds, you need to carefully study the varieties of your plants, since some of them are not recommended to be propagated by this method due to the heterogeneity of the seedlings.
The best method of reproduction, allowing to fully preserve all the species and varietal characteristics of the plant, propagation by cuttings and with the help of layering.
Cuttings can be cut from both the middle part of the branches and from the apical part. The length of the cutting should be at least 10 cm. The cuttings can be planted immediately in the ground by dipping their tips into the root formation accelerator. Usually cuttings planted in this way in the middle of summer already give good roots by autumn.
It is even easier to propagate the spirea by layering: you need to bend the shoots to the ground in the spring, fix them better and sprinkle them with earth. With regular watering of these places, you can get new plants by autumn or by next spring.