Among the family of norichnikovykh there is a whole bush of plants that have similar properties, distribution areola and appearance. These are Veronica (Veronica) oak (chamaedrys), long-leaved (longifolia), spikata (spikata), medicinal (officinalis), ivy (hederifolia).
- What does Veronica officinalis herb look like?
- Composition of plant bioactive substances, collection and preparation of medicinal raw materials
- Pharmacological and medicinal properties and use of Veronica officinalis
What does Veronica officinalis herb look like?
Except for ivy, all Veronica are perennial grasses. They grow throughout the CIS, except for the extreme south. They love forest glades, woodlands, forest belts, humid places and shrubs.
The flowers are blue and pale purple, collected in loose inflorescences. The fruits are in the form of small bolls. These herbs bloom from late May to early October. Good honey plants and emit nectar at ambient temperatures from + 16 * C to + 28 * C. They are actively visited by bees, in the absence of shock honey collection, in fact, until mid-September.
Medicinal Veronica differs from its relatives in that it has a creeping stem, which in the nodes is able to take root. Therefore, this grass is capable of forming thickets in humid places and covering areas with a continuous carpet, displacing other plants.
Her leaves become deep green, almost round with jagged edges. The flowers become more intense, rather than lavender, in color. And blue, when grown in optimal conditions, practically do not occur at all.
A stem 15-30 cm long is thrown from each node. In June-July, at optimal temperatures of 22 * C - 24 * C, it can release nectar so actively that there will be a continuous pleasant aroma over the meadow. It was at this time that the collection of medicinal raw materials was carried out - stems with flowers.
Composition of plant bioactive substances, collection and preparation of medicinal raw materials
The stem, flowers and leaves of the plant are uniformly and without the predominance of one of the components saturated with the following bioactive substances:
- Glycosides - Veronicin and Aucubin
- Essential oils
- Tanning and bitter substances
- Organic acids - citric, malic, lactic
- Vitamin C
- Trace elements - iodine, iron, etc.
In the roots there is a certain concentration of tannins, astringents and bitter substances.
The top of the above-ground part of the plant is massively collected without dividing into flowers, stems and flowers in mid-June, when the inflorescences have already formed and begin to bloom, and there are no drying leaves on the stems yet. The optimal temperature regime for collecting herbs Veronica officinalis is T = 16 * C - 20 * C with a humidity of 60 - 80%. That is, it is harvested, like most other medicinal plants, in the morning when the dew has melted.
The roots of this herb are not large, fibrous. They are collected only by herbalists when the peak of flowering has passed, but the boxes have not yet ripened en masse, that is, at the end of July in the evening. Although, if the summer is rainy, then later - until the middle of September.
Drying of medicinal raw materials takes place in a shaded and not hot, well-ventilated place without direct sunlight. The output should be a pale green raw material. When dry, the plant loses 80% of its mass.
For experienced herbalists, a fresh plant is also a medicinal raw material. They make infusions with vegetable oil, alcohol extracts from them. Especially valuable in this respect are the roots of plants, of which it is difficult to collect a lot. Moreover, they cannot be washed. Therefore, herbalists are looking for places where Veronica officinalis grows on sandy, moist soil so that the root can be easily pulled out without lumps of soil.
Pharmacological and medicinal properties and use of Veronica officinalis
Infusions, teas and preparations based on medicinal Veronica have the following properties:
- Wound healing
Therefore, her teas and infusions in a warm form are actively used for acute respiratory infections, tonsillitis, bronchitis and pulmonary tuberculosis. If the patient does not have renal failure, then there are no other restrictions on the use of infusion and tea with medicinal Veronica.
Also useful are infusions of medicinal Veronica in case of nervous exhaustion, loss of mental and physical strength, insomnia, anxiety, hallucinations. It is consumed as a warm drink 3 and more often per day with honey.
This combination of healthy foods nourishes the nervous system well and brings it back to normal. Veronica with honey is especially effective for snake bites and rabid animals (dogs, cats, foxes, etc.).
Tea is made like this - a tablespoon is poured with 200 ml of boiling water and infused for 5 minutes.
Infusion - a tablespoon is poured into 200 ml of water, brought to a boil and infused in a thermos for 30 - 40 minutes.
For internal diseases such as stomach ulcers, cirrhosis of the liver, for diseases of the genitourinary system and internal bleeding, internally more saturated infusions and alcoholic extracts are taken individually 1 - 3 times a day.
Externally, gruel from Veronica officinalis is used for purulent wounds, eczema, rashes, fungal skin lesions. Baths are also taken with the addition of an alcohol extract concentrate to the water.
In case of burns, boils, trophic ulcers, it is effective to use an infusion of fresh herbs in vegetable oil (by weight 1 to 1) for 3 days. Experienced herbalists often use the fresh root of Veronica officinalis in these cases.
In many medicinal and prophylactic preparations, this plant is also added in appropriate proportions. But here special knowledge is needed, since Veronica officinalis is not combined with all plants (for example, the color of linden and acacia with it should not be in the same collection, although separately - they cure acute respiratory infections and sore throat).
See how to use Veronica officinalis in the video: