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Pepper is an annual plant brought to us from Central America, which pleases with its bright and delicious fruits. Although this culture is used to living in more southern regions, but with proper care and planting, it takes root quite well here. There are about two thousand types of pepper, but in this article we will talk in detail about sweet, or it is also called bell pepper.
- Preparing seedlings for pepper
- Planting in greenhouses and soil
- Care and feeding of bell peppers
Preparing seedlings for pepper
Growing sweet peppers is not an easy task, but it is quite affordable for everyone, if you prepare in advance.
- You can buy seeds for planting, or you can collect them yourself. First you need to process them - soak them in cold, settled water with a piece of scarlet, or with a small amount of potassium permanganate solution in order to kill all microbes and save the seeds from any damage from the outside.
- Seeds are best sown in late February - early March, so that they germinate for about 80-90 days before planting in the ground.
- Sweet peppers, the cultivation of which is a pleasure, does not like and does not tolerate transplants, therefore, at the time of planting the seeds, they must immediately be planted separately from each other so that there is no “cover” of peppers. Better to take separate cups, or boxes for this.
- The sown pepper in the seeds should be poured abundantly with water and covered with foil until the first leaves appear. After that, the film must be removed and watered periodically with cleaned and warm water. But do not overdo it - pepper does not like dry soil, but also does not tolerate the constant high humidity of the root system.
- The air in the room should not be too dry, so ventilate it well, but at the same time protect the pepper from drafts. If you planted pepper in February, then you need to additionally monitor the lighting - since the day is short in winter and there is not enough daylight.
- In order for the seedlings to take root in the ground, you need to "harden" them by taking them outside in sunny weather, and even in the rain, but in case of freezing, in no case take the seedlings outside.
- The length of the plant should be approximately 20-25 cm, then such seedlings will take root better. Before planting, be sure to see that the roots are pulled out from the ground, this prevents them from injuring the root system.
Planting in greenhouses and soil
If you decide to plant sweet peppers in a greenhouse, then you need to plant it at the very beginning of May, and it should bloom almost immediately (if the planting took place in February).
Closer to May, the seedlings should be taken to the greenhouse and kept under an oilcloth until the temperature stabilizes and is above 15 degrees. But in no case should you dive the seedlings, but just put them in glasses or in boxes under the film.
For planting sweet peppers in open ground, the soil on which previously onions, cucumbers, tomatoes, eggplants, and potatoes were planted are suitable. It can only be planted when there are at least 5-7 leaves on the stem. It is best to prepare the soil before planting. To do this, you need to purchase organic fertilizers - approximately 5 kg per 1 square meter. Before planting, it is best to warm up the ground by covering it with arcs with a film.
You also need to find a place that will be hidden from the wind, for example, a month before planting, plant tall plants nearby. But you do not need to cover the pepper from the sun. You need to plant bell peppers around the beginning of June. The rows should be at a distance of 50-60 cm from each other, and the peppers - 40-50 cm. The plant should be deepened to the first leaf.
You can immediately put garter pegs next to the plant, since pepper is a very delicate plant and when the fruits grow, it will be difficult for the stem to hold on and not break. In the first days after planting, the pepper takes root and gets sick, so he needs help - loosen the ground for better air flow to the root system.
Until the plants take root, they must be kept under plastic wrap. If it is too hot outside, then the film should be opened a little during the day.
If you decide to plant several types of pepper in your garden, then they need to be planted as far away from each other as possible, since the pepper is pollinated.
Care and feeding of bell peppers
Like any plant, pepper also needs watering. But do not overdo it, especially until the middle of summer, since it is the bush itself that grows at this time, and only then the fruits are poured. If the bush grows too large, then it may break. And from the second half of summer, you can begin to water more abundantly, as the fruits themselves grow. You can use nettle tincture.
If the plant is crumbling, then this is a clear sign that it is drying out. The earth must be periodically loosened to a depth of 7-8 cm, since the peppers cannot stand the crust. Loosening also protects against weeds and other vegetation. In order to make the load on the bush less, it is necessary to remove unproductive shoots and lower leaves.
Top dressing also plays an important role in the cultivation of sweet peppers. It needs to be done only 2 times per season - during the flowering of the pepper and when it bears fruit. You can feed it with mullein and bird droppings and also those fertilizers that contain magnesium. Do not feed with lime.
Finished fruits should be harvested in late autumn, but before frost. To grow sweet peppers for seeds, you need to pick a beautiful and juicy fruit, put it on the windowsill until it is fully ripe. When he wrinkles all over, you need to select all the seeds from him that you should not rinse, but simply dry them and hide them for storage in a secluded place.
You also need to remember to protect the plant from pests by spraying the bush with wood ash 3 times throughout the season. Peppers are a healthy food and should be planted by anyone with a piece of their land. Also, such a plant will decorate your garden, especially if you plant different varieties, because there are an incredible amount of them.
Peppers can be rolled into jars to enjoy their wonderful taste later in the cold winter. It is a great addition to all types of pasta. Plant peppers and enjoy your harvest!
Learn the secrets of growing bell peppers from the video: