Proper care of indoor plants is the key to their health. Therefore, in order for the plant to please with its appearance, lush and abundant flowering, it is important to properly care for it, in particular, to water it correctly.
- Begonia - general information
- Features of growing and care
- Features of watering begonias
Begonia - general information
Begonia is one of the most beautiful and popular plants. It is liked by flower growers because of the variety of forms of leaves and flowers and their colors, which makes it possible, without repeating in shapes and shades, to collect a rather large collection.
It is a perennial plant of the begonia family that grows wild in tropical and subtropical regions of South and North America, Africa and Asia. It grows well in humid shaded places, in particular, in crevices of rocks, in forests, but it also thrives on steep sea coasts and even on arid mountain slopes.
To date, there are about 1000 species of begonias and more than 12,000 varieties, which, in turn, are subdivided into decorative deciduous and flowering.
Ornamental deciduous begonias are characterized by a bushy or ampelous form, sometimes tall forms are found. The rhizome of such plants spreads over the surface of the soil or is in it at a shallow depth, their large leaves have a beautiful shape and color, and the flowers are small and inconspicuous.
Beautiful flowering begonias are decorative with their flowers. It is because of the lush and long flowering, as well as the beauty of flowers that have bright red, snow-white, pink, yellow and orange shades, they can often be found in nurseries, flower beds, on window sills.
Features of growing and care
In general, growing begonias is not a difficult process and accessible to most growers. The flower belongs to the group of shade-tolerant plants, but in good light it blooms more abundantly, so it is advisable to keep a pot with a plant in the south-west or south-east window. The plant is thermophilic, frosts are destructive for it, grows well on rich, drained, slightly acidic soil. The only moment when begonia can behave quite capriciously is watering.
Features of watering begonias
Like many subtropical and tropical plants, begonia simultaneously loves high humidity in the room where it grows, and does not tolerate stagnant water in the pot. To ensure optimal conditions for the growth of a plant, it is necessary to water it, observing certain rules:
- As mentioned above, begonia needs high humidity in the room. However, it is impossible to spray the plant, since water that gets on its leaves can cause brown spots on them and subsequent decay. To ensure optimal air humidity in the room, use a special air humidifier, or gently spray water near the flower pot with a spray bottle, avoiding drops of water from falling on its leaves and flowers. In hot, dry weather, you can place begonias on a tray filled with wet gravel or in a box of wet peat or moss.
- In winter, you can put a container filled with water next to the flower. Due to the evaporation of water, the required air humidity will be provided. If the pot of begonia is on the window, in winter, when the heating is on, you can put a damp cloth on the radiators.
- Water the begonia evenly, preferably at the same time of day. As a rule, watering is carried out in the morning or in the evening. During the summer, watering should be abundant, so that excess water flows out of the drainage holes. This is especially important in hot dry weather.
- Depending on the air temperature in the room, the begonia should be watered once every 2-3 days. Also, do not forget that this plant does not like direct sunlight, so it is advisable to remove it from the windowsill for the summer period. If the soil in the pot is completely dry, then watering it in the usual way is useless. Soak the pot in water for several hours.
- Starting from mid-autumn, the intensity of watering decreases and becomes minimal in winter, since at this time the plant is dormant. Water the begonia as the soil dries out in the pot, usually once every 5-7 days.
- If the air in the room is cool, you can take warm water for irrigation. After the soil has absorbed all the water, it should be carefully loosened to a depth of 1-2 cm. This will maintain optimal humidity inside the pot and ensure good air exchange.
Watering begonias can be done using the pot dipping method. For this purpose, pour water into a shallow container, the diameter of which is larger than the diameter of the pot, put the pot in it and leave it until the water is absorbed into the soil through the drainage holes.
For watering begonias, it is advisable to use warm, settled tap water. The water should be allowed to stand in an open container for at least 24 hours. To soften the water, you can filter it with a regular household filter, or bring it to a boil and cool it down.
Thus, in order to properly care for begonias, you need to know three things: she loves light, warmth and timely sufficient watering. Only with proper care will begonia delight with its lush and bright flowering for a long time.
An interesting video about proper watering and caring for begonia: