Cleopatra's needle - eremurus flower

Cleopatra's needle - eremurus flower

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Eremurus, Shiryash, Cleopatra's needle is a perennial herb of the Eremurus genus, the Xantorreeceae family. The eremurus flower grows in Asia, in the south of Europe, the Caucasus. Eremurus are widespread in the wild: Representative, Tien Shan, Altai, Himalayan.


  • Flower structure
  • Types of eremurus in the garden
  • How to grow on your own in a garden

Flower structure

The external data of the perennial flowering eremurus make it the most prominent plant among garden flowers. Majestic growth, unusual flowering attracts the attention of flower growers.

A straight, tall, single stem emerges from the rhizome, surrounded by fleshy roots. The height of the stem in the wild reaches a meter, in cultivated plants from one and a half to three meters. The rhizome in the lower part dies off every year, is replaced by a new one with young roots. The leaves are collected in a dense basal rosette. The stem is crowned with a long flower race.

Most often, the flowers are colored white, pink, yellow, red. Garden varieties and hybrids have bright orange, red, cream flowers. Perianths are bell-shaped or cup-shaped. The flowering raceme reaches 35 to 70 cm in length. Eremurus begins to bloom in May and continues until mid-summer. The lower flowers open first, the whole brush gradually blooms.

It so happens that boxes with seeds have already formed at the bottom, and the top is blooming with might and main. Seeds spill out of the opened bolls and fall next to the mother plant. Even green seeds germinate very well. After flowering, the ground part of the plant dies off. In the spring, from the rhizome, the eremurus flower expels a powerful shoot, reminiscent of asparagus.

Some species, for better cross-pollination, have an interesting adaptation for attracting pollinator insects: after pollen maturation, the perianth withers, turning into a brown lump with a bright green tubercle, which looks like a flower aphid from afar. The Serfus pirastri fly, feeding on green aphids, rushes to these tubercles, gets into the sticky pollen with its paws and transfers it to other eremurus.

Beauty, strength, comparative unpretentiousness made the Eremurus flower attractive for florists and florists.

Types of eremurus in the garden

  • eremurus powerful
  • eremurus angustifolia
  • Olga's eremurus
  • eremurus yellow
  • Eremurus Ilaria
  • Altai eremurus
  • Eremurus Echison
  • eremurus snow-white
  • Eremurus Elvis

Eremurus Olga is a gorgeous species, named after the Russian woman botanist - Fedchenko Olga Alexandrovna (1845 -1921). She devoted her life to the study of plants. In numerous expeditions to the Pamirs, Tianshan, Turkestan, Afghanistan, she collected herbarium material in hard-to-reach and poorly studied places. Compiled descriptions of many plants, author of a monograph on eremurus.

In addition, she created an acclimatization garden, where she conducted work on the study of ornamental plants for 25 years. Thanks to her, Eremurus first appeared in the botanical gardens of Moscow and St. Petersburg, and from there they conquered the gardens of Russia and Europe.

Eremerus Olga in height reaches one and a half meters, and the brush length is up to 75 cm, delicate pink-white flowers are more than three centimeters in diameter, have a unique aroma.

Eremurus is a powerful, vigorous tall plant with a lush rosette of bluish-green narrow leaves. Powerful stems reach three meters in height, and the inflorescence exceeds one meter in length. White or pale pink flowers reach at least four centimeters in diameter, and orange centers are visible from afar. Flowering begins in mid-June and lasts 40 days. The fabulous majesty of the flower does not leave you indifferent.

Eremurus narrow-leaved in gardens exceeds one and a half meters in length, an inflorescence in the form of a cylindrical brush up to 85 cm in length, each consisting of several hundred flowers. The flowers are yellow, with bright orange long anthers, up to 2 cm in diameter, collected very tightly. Blooms in June and continues to bloom until August. Florists love this species for its long shelf life in cut, irreplaceable in bouquets, suitable for dry compositions.

Eremurus milky-flowered, one of the most frost-resistant species. In the wild, it grows in the subalpine belt of mountains. The height of the plant is up to one and a half meters, the length of the leaves is up to half a meter. On a red peduncle there is a cluster of milky-white large flowers. Blooms in May.

Eremurus Himalayan, the most unpretentious and frost-resistant. Peduncle height 170 cm, it is decorated with a brush of white fragrant flowers.

Two hybrids are also popular with gardeners:

  • Shelford pastel, pink, yellow flowers
  • Ruater with vibrant orange and red flowers

The variety of cultivated varieties allows you to choose a plant for any garden and for almost any climate.

How to grow on your own in a garden

A place for planting this plant should be chosen well-lit, with dry, loose soil of neutral acidity. The close occurrence of groundwater is destructive for him.

Seed planting

Seeds are planted in a greenhouse in the fall, just before winter. Planting depth -2 cm. Seedlings will appear in spring. In the second year of life, plant in a greenhouse or greenhouse at a distance of up to 25 cm. For 4 years, you can plant in a garden in a permanent place at a distance of 0.8 m to 1.2 meters from each other. Bloom for 5-6 years. You can divide the bushes with rhizomes for 6-8 years.

Vegetative propagation

When planting in a vegetative way, it is necessary to excavate the rhizome of an adult plant and, without removing it from the ground, make 4 cuts on it. Sprinkle the cuts with crushed charcoal and cover the rhizome with earth again. Numerous young rosettes will appear around the mother plant next spring. In late August, early September, land them at a permanent place. Such plants begin to bloom in the second or third year of life.

Young and adult plants for the winter period in Russian gardens should be additionally covered. In a very rainy summer, after flowering, the rhizomes must be dug up and stored in a cool dry place until autumn planting.

The plant can be purchased both in specialized stores, including on the Internet, and in private collections.

All types of Eremurus have a good aroma, which makes these plants attractive to beekeepers. And so that a flower bed with an eremurus flower looks decorative all season, irises, daylilies, carnations will be good neighbors for it.

An interesting video about a beautiful flower eremurus:

Watch the video: What Cleopatra Typically Ate In A Day (June 2022).


  1. Mirek


  2. Anubis

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  3. Takinos

    Directly in the purpose

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