Ulex europaeus or gorse is a medium-sized evergreen shrub, widespread in the Mediterranean area; the adult specimens can reach 3-4 meters in height, but it is possible to keep the smaller dimensions by pruning the shrub every year after flowering; produces thin woody stems, green, erect, poorly branched, completely covered by small linear leaves, thorny, rigid, dark green; from late spring to autumn it produces numerous small golden-yellow flowers, very fragrant. Plant of easy cultivation, it is present in gardens but it is widespread even in the wild, especially in the central and southern regions. It is also used as a cut flower, in the cosmetic industry, in herbal medicine.
The plants of Ulex europaeus, commonly called gorse, are positioned in a very sunny place, if cultivated in an excessively shaded position the gorse it tends to grow in a stunted way and to bloom scarcely. In general it does not fear the cold, although it is advisable to cover the foliage during the winter in regions with very cold winters, using the woven fabric, so as to avoid exposure to excessively intense and persistent frosts. In the case of very harsh climate it might be useful to place paccimante material at the foot of the plant, to protect the root system.
Thanks to its resistance it can be grown without problems in the open ground, respecting the precautions just described if the climate is particularly cold.
They are very decorative plants and can be used successfully to color gardens.
As for the watering of the Ulex europaeus it is good to specify that the gorse It is a very rustic plant, which is generally satisfied with the rains; it may be necessary to water the specimens grown in pots or during summer periods characterized by prolonged drought. Always remember to wait for the soil to dry before proceeding with a new watering, because damp soils are poorly tolerated by this type of plant.
They do not need fertilizing, as the gorse roots live in symbiosis with nitrogen-fixing bacteria: these plants are in fact often used to enrich very poor soils.
This variety of plants grow in any well-drained soil; they prefer calcareous, even stony or sandy soils; they do not like excessively compact or too moist soils. For this reason it is good to check that at the base of the plant water does not form, which could affect the health of these specimens.
As for the subject of the multiplication of this genus of shrubs, it usually occurs by seed; plants in fact produce small pods, containing 4-5 seeds; when ripe, the semi-woody pod explodes, freeing the seeds, which are easily found around the plant.
Gorse - Ulex europaeus: Pests and diseases
These plants are usually very hardy and hardy and are hardly attacked by pests and diseases. in the event of the appearance of signs it is useful to intervene quickly with the use of specific insecticide products that will solve the problem at the root.