Nature has endowed us with many gifts that we have been using since ancient times. At first glance, inconspicuous, but very useful, it helped our ancestors for thousands of years. And today this plant is able to surprise us and bring great benefits.
- Description of the insect
- Famous varieties
- Growing and using a bug
Description of the insect
The bug is an annual plant, but there are cases in the scientific community, and there are also descriptions that indicate the presence of specimens with a two-year and long-term growth cycle. The stem has a woody structure at the bottom, the rest of the area is smooth. The insect leaves have a different shape, which depends on belonging to a particular variety. The edges of the leaves are jagged.
The flowers of this plant are very small in size. They are collected in inflorescences, consisting of a huge number of flowers, the number of which can reach three hundred pieces. The calyx is divided into five petals, among which there are five stamens that grow together at the base of the calyx.
The insect has fruits that resemble a box in shape, in which many egg-shaped seeds are hidden. After falling out, they begin to germinate within a few days. After the growth cycle, the plant begins to grow and bloom until new pods with new seeds are opened. After the dawn period, the plant dies off.
- Perennial bug
- Curly bug
- Mountain bukashnik
- Fugitive Heldreich
- Smooth insect
The very name of the insect species suggests that it is able to grow and spread over several years. The perennial insect is a plant up to forty centimeters long in a spherical shape. The roots are weak and shallow. The leaves at the base of the plant are collected in bunches. The upper part is represented by a blue flower, next to which there are no leaves in the upper part. The foliage itself is covered with villi.
Curly bug is a herbaceous plant with a small size (up to thirty centimeters). Stems are slightly branched, inclined to the top, or erect. The foliage is collected in a bunch at the bottom of the plant. The sheets are ovoid with jagged edges and are lowered to the bottom.
Flowers are collected in inflorescences up to three centimeters in diameter. the calyx can have a lilac or blue tint. The corolla is blue or light lilac. And the fruit looks like a green box with a lot of seeds.
The mountain bug is close to the perennial species in its growth cycle, but the life span is two years. Its range is the highlands of Europe. The root system of this species is more complex and powerful than the previous representatives. The stalks of the mountain insect are up to forty centimeters and stretch to the top or are rectilinear. The inflorescences are arranged in such a way that the leaves are located far from the flowers.
The leaves are up to three centimeters long and are located linearly in relation to the stem. The surface of the leaf is covered with corollas. Flowering occurs from early summer to early autumn. Fruit ripening occurs at the end of July.
The Heldreich plant is a mixed type, which possesses the external and quality characteristics of both annual and perennial representatives of the species. This is a herbaceous plant, erect.
The smooth insect is the result of the cultivation of this plant. Among the rest of the representatives, it is most often used by humans for domestic purposes. In appearance and its qualities, it does not differ from other species, but it is less whimsical for growing in different conditions.
Growing and using a bug
Growing a bug is not a difficult process as long as a smooth look is used as the planting material. The following conditions are sufficient:
- Sandy soil
- Open space
- Frost protection
- No dampness
In most cases, the insect is used as a decorative tool in landscape design. Group plantings are made around the house next to the planted lawn to give a certain contrast. Geraniums, daisies and yarrow are also planted next to it. In addition to the design of courtyards, the bukashnik is also used in floristry to create beautiful bouquets.
In addition to design purposes, the bukashnik is actively used by representatives of traditional medicine as a medicine. To do this, collect flowers, foliage and stems of this plant. The bug is used as a diuretic and hemostatic agent, and decoctions based on the bug are recommended for the treatment of female diseases, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, insomnia and neurological disorders.
Do not underestimate the power of plants and pass by every representative of the green world. The bug is of considerable value along with other well-known plants. Therefore, it is worth remembering that it must be used wisely. Natural remedies are much more effective and useful than artificial ones, and also do not cause a negative effect when actively used.
An interesting video about a mountain bug: