In botany, it is customary to call lemon a species of trees belonging to the genus Citrus from the Rutaceae family. Gastronomically, the fruits of these trees are called lemons.
A notable feature of the plant is that it is inherently a hybrid that arose so long ago that it does not occur in the wild.
A large number of these plants are cultivated in the open field in tropical and subtropical climates all over the world. The annual harvest exceeds 15 million tons.
By planting a lemon with a seed in a flower pot, you can grow it at home. If you choose the right variety and provide the right care, the plant will produce delicious fruits.
- Description of lemon varieties for indoor cultivation
- Conditions for growing indoor lemon
- Reproduction and planting of lemon indoors
Description of lemon varieties for indoor cultivation
Of the huge number of existing lemon varieties, the following can be recommended for indoor cultivation:
- Irkutsk large-fruited
- Ural indoor
Irkutsk large-fruited variety
The author of the variety is an amateur from Irkutsk V.I. A tree with large hard leaves, pointed at the ends, with a compact crown, does not need special formation.
Irkutsk large-fruited lemon blooms in autumn and spring. The first fruits can be given already at the age of two. Weight from 700 grams, individual lemons grow up to one and a half kilos. The rind is of medium thickness, bumpy. The variety is very picky about sunlight.
Despite the fact that this lemon variety belongs to the open ground varieties of the southern regions, it can be recommended for indoor cultivation.
With good care, it will give a sufficient amount of fruits with smooth skin and fragrant pulp.
One of the most suitable varieties of lemon for indoor conditions. The tree, although not large, gives a decent harvest of fruits.
Their peel is thin with a strong lemon aroma. One plant produces on average up to 20 fruits, but under favorable conditions and proper care, an adult plant can increase the yield of lemons.
The Pavlovsky variety easily tolerates errors in lighting and suffers from this less than others.
Ural indoor grade
There is no exact information about the origin of the variety, although it is presumably grown in the homes of residents of the Urals since the time of Emperor Peter the Great.
The variety not only easily tolerates room conditions, but also develops quite well in moderate sunlight and gives up to 30 fruits.
Hybrid forms such as Meira's lemon can also be successfully grown in indoor conditions, it is most often grown in their homes by the Chinese and a hybrid of lemon and citron Panderosa.
Regardless of the variety chosen, lemon trees need a certain temperature and light conditions when growing in pots indoors.
Conditions for growing indoor lemon
Indoor citrus growing is fun, but in order for it to succeed before planting or purchasing a lemon seedling, it is important to familiarize yourself with the basic requirements for growing conditions.
Light and warm
When growing lemon trees indoors, it is important to know that natural light is enough for them in the summer.
Many of them thrive not only on illuminated windowsills, but also at some distance from windows. In addition, in the summer, their well-being does not depend on the orientation of the windows.
Only if the lemon is on the south window is it necessary to create an artificial shadow for it. This can be done by covering part of the window with paper or a layer of gauze, or by removing the pot from the window and placing it at some distance.
In winter, the plant definitely needs additional lighting. To do this, it is enough to install the light source at a distance of half a meter from the leaves for five to six hours after the end of daylight hours.
In January and early February, this period can be extended to 8 hours. A 30-watt fluorescent lamp or a simple 60-75 watt light bulb will do.
During the period of active growth, flowering and fruiting of lemon, the temperature in the room should not be lower than 20 degrees.
In winter, the tree needs rest and it is better to rearrange it in a cooler room, where the temperature does not rise above 12 degrees.
Soil composition and irrigation regime
To grow lemon in a pot, it is important to take care of the composition of the soil. It is more convenient to use a ready-made soil mixture for growing citrus fruits, but you can compose the soil yourself.
To do this, add one part of sand and humus to two parts of the sod land. It is important to rinse or ignite all the constituent parts of the soil before mixing.
In the future, it is important to maintain the moisture in the pot necessary for the growth and development of the plant.
In the spring and summer, water the plant every two to three days; in winter, reduce the number of waterings to once every seven to ten days.
For watering, tap water is better to stand in an open wide container for a day or two. If the leaves have curled up, then not only watering is needed, but also daily sprinkling until they take a normal look.
Reproduction and planting of lemon indoors
The most affordable way to get a lemon tree is by sowing seeds. Seedlings appear in about a month, and when the fifth real leaf appears on the trees, then a pick with the obligatory pinching of the main root is imperative.
Moreover, first cut the root directly in the pot, deepening the knife at an angle and cutting the root system at a distance of 8-10 cm from the surface of the earth.
Two weeks later, the seedlings are removed and transplanted. The main disadvantage of seed reproduction is late fruiting.
It is most convenient to propagate indoor lemons by cuttings. Cut them from green shoots five to six cm long. The leaf blades are shortened by at least 1/3. Rooting takes place in moist soil under a glass jar.
At a temperature of + 25 degrees, watering with warm water is necessary, after 20 days the plant begins to form roots and starts to grow.
It can be transplanted into a small pot with a diameter of 10 cm. As the capacity is developed, at least once every three years, indoor lemons are transplanted.
If you have horticultural skills to obtain fruits from plants grown from seeds, you can inoculate with a shield or an eye taken from a cultivated plant. A month after inoculation, the upper part is cut off completely before it.
Also, when growing indoor lemons, they need to provide regular fertilizing with fertilizers and pruning of the crown, both sanitary and formative.
If the indoor lemon is provided with proper care, then it will certainly bloom and tie the fruit, rewarding the grower for the efforts and labors.
Video on proper lemon care: