Very often buying exotic fruits such as mango, kiwi, dates, oranges and seeing seeds or seeds inside, there is a desire to grow an exotic thermophilic plant at home. When purchasing a fragrant pineapple in a store for food, first of all, they cut off its lush green "tail" and if it is not needed for serving, then it is mercilessly thrown away. It turns out that a whole plant can be grown from it. It is important to know the characteristics of this tropical inhabitant, but to know how to properly plant a pineapple with a green top.
- Pineapple cultivation history
- Real pineapple, a brief botanical description
- How to plant pineapple correctly
- Pineapple care
Pineapple cultivation history
The homeland of all pineapples is the American tropics. The Pineapple genus is part of the Bromeliad family, their life form is herbaceous perennials. The pineapple that enters the distribution network belongs to the large-crested pineapple species. Its other names are real pineapple or crested pineapple. Columbus, seeing the pineapple for the first time, found its smell similar to an apple, and its appearance similar to a pineapple, with the light hand of Columbus in England the name "shikoyabloko" - pineapple took root. For the first time, pineapple was described during the study of Peru in the middle of the 16th century. Thanks to the development of navigation, the fruit came to other warm countries and Europe.
At the end of the 17th century, an English gardener who worked for a princess named Cleveland grew pineapple in a greenhouse. The princess presented an exotic plant to the king of England. In those days, pineapples were highly prized by the European nobility and used them mainly to decorate the festive table. In the 18th century, pineapples were grown commercially in European greenhouses. There was a greenhouse in Warsaw, where the brother of the Polish king Stanislav Poniatowski managed to get 5,000 fruits. In the 19th century, after the development of the variety without thorns on the fruits, pineapples in tropical countries began to be grown on an industrial scale. Since that time, greenhouse production has come to naught, and its cultivation in indoor conditions has acquired mainly an amateur character.
Real pineapple, a brief botanical description
Pineapple is a herbaceous plant. Its leaves are narrow, very hard and quite fleshy, reaching up to one meter in length. The edges of the leaf plates are provided with thorns almost along their entire length. At the base of the stem, the leaves are collected in a basal rosette. The leaf plate is designed in such a way that it is able not only to accumulate, but also to retain moisture in a dry hot climate. From above it is smooth and green, from below it is, as it were, covered with small scales of a gray color. Pineapple leaves can take advantage of moisture that accumulates in the depressions at the base of the leaves. This feature is inherent in many plants from the Bromeliad family. With the help of special hairs or scales, the water is absorbed by the plant.
When the pineapple bush grows and forms, it gives a peduncle with a height of 60 - 70 cm. At its top there are up to two hundred flowers. Flowers bloom in turn. Up to 10 flowers open daily. Duration of flowering is about three weeks. In commercial cultivation, they try to prevent pollination, since the appearance of seeds reduces the consumer attractiveness of the fruits. In addition, varieties have been developed that produce fruits without pollination. Many planters struggle with tiny hummingbirds, which are pineapple pollinators.
The pineapple fruit is nothing more than accrete ovaries, it is formed by many small fruits located on the central rod. In some cases, pineapples weigh up to 5 kg. And the bunch of green leaves is the top of the pineapple fruit. It is she who is used as planting material by lovers to grow exotic in indoor conditions.
How to plant pineapple correctly
Planting material for pineapple can be:
- lateral shoots from an adult plant
- the seeds
- green top of the fruit, the so-called crown
Video about the correct planting of pineapple:
Considering that for the first method you need to have at least one adult plant, and for the second - a fruit with ripe seeds, the third planting method is the most affordable for lovers of indoor exotic. fresh leaves without signs of rot or serious damage. Having brought the fruit home, you need to separate the green tuft from the leaves. They do it as follows:
- hold the fruit firmly in one hand
- with the fingers of the second hand grasp a bunch of leaves
- turn the bunch of leaves around the axis, fixing the fruit itself motionlessly, separate the top from it
With this method, the leaves are separated with part of the stem. You can take a sharp clean knife and cut off the leaves, if part of the pulp was cut with them, it is removed. The lower leaf plates must be removed from the bundle in order to expose part of the stem. It is on it that roots should appear. It is better to sprinkle the cut points with activated carbon powder. Allow the tops to air dry for two days, then dip the exposed part of the stem in plain water and place it on the window until roots appear. Water must be added as it is consumed and periodically changed to another. Despite its simplicity, the method of rooting in water is the most reliable. After about 18 to 20 days, roots will begin to grow.
When their length reaches 15 - 20 mm, the pineapple can be transplanted into a pot filled with soil for rooting. When choosing the first pot for an exotic plant, you need to pay attention to the size of the green tuft and take a container of approximately the same size.
Fill the bottom of the pot with drainage. At the flower shop, you can buy ready-made soil for bromeliads or mix equal parts of garden soil with sand and peat. Moisten everything thoroughly and plant the top with roots. Young pineapple loves moist soil and sunlight. After about 40 - 50 days, the plant should take root, a sure sign is the appearance of a new green leaf. If 60 - 65 days have passed and the plant does not show signs of life, then most likely everything will have to be repeated.
If the green crest has taken root, then new leaves will constantly appear on it. In this case, the old ones will darken and die off. Their remnants must be carefully cut off. Considering that the homeland of the plant is the hot American tropics, pineapple needs to be kept warm all year round with good lighting. At any time of the year, he must be in good lighting for at least six to seven hours a day. In summer, it will grow well in the garden or on the balcony. In winter, the best place for him is a warm, draft-free room with a south window.
A young plant should be watered every three days, an adult once a week. In the summer, in the fresh air, the pineapple can be sprinkled, then it will use water that will drain into the base of the leaves. About once a month in the warm season, the plant can be fed with complex fertilizers. If the pineapple is infected with pests such as ticks and worms, it is necessary to rinse the leaves with soapy water, and then with clean water. With proper planting and competently organized care, by the end of the first year of life, pineapple planted with a green top will master the pot and will need a new one, already larger.