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For the propagation of trees and shrubs, a method such as budding is used. The procedure is carried out quickly using a special eyepiece knife. To get high quality planting material, you should know how to properly make budding.
- What is budding
- What does an eyepiece knife look like?
- How to sharpen and handle the tool
What is budding
Budding is the most common breeding method for fruit and ornamental plants. When budding a scion, a single bud or eye is used. Budding can be carried out in the spring or summer. In the spring, the inoculation is carried out by the kidney formed last summer. The bud will begin to grow if taken from cuttings that were harvested in the fall. In summer budding, the vaccination is carried out by the kidney that has formed in the current season. She will grow only next spring.
Budgeting has its advantages:
- Minor trauma to the stock
- Can be boosted on one rootstock
- The procedure requires a minimum of time and effort
Budding is carried out in early spring or early August. During this period, the bark can be easily separated from the wood. Budding is quite simple: with your left hand, take a bud with wood and hold it with your right finger on the knife. Then take in your left hand and with a knife cut the bark first along and then across in the form of the letter "T". Then gently bend the edges of the cross-cut to create a gap. After that, insert the shield with the kidney into the gap from top to bottom. It is important that the top of the shield is under the bark.
Next, take electrical tape and plastic tape and tie up the shield, starting from the bottom side. If the operation is performed correctly, after 3 weeks the bud should germinate during spring budding. If the procedure was carried out in the summer, then the petiole will easily detach from the kidney. Many gardeners carry out budding in the butt. Cut off the bark flap at the rootstock and replace it with a flap of the same size only with a bud. During budding, the cuttings should be stored in a bucket of water. Used cuttings are placed in the soil in the middle between the rows of plants.
What does an eyepiece knife look like?
The main purpose of the budding knife is to make a long and even incision to reduce trauma and damage to the edges of the bark. The budding knife is designed for grafting various plants with a single bud. Used to cut the flap and form a T-shaped incision on the stock. Folding budding knives have a retractable bone on the handle, with which they separate the bark from the wood.
In a conventional occulting instrument, this knuckle is located on the blade near the point. Such a knife is sharpened from both sides.
The blade of the budding knife is rounded with a sharp blade. Thanks to this, you can make thin slices. The knife has a steel blade and a smooth handle, and the knife must always be clean during operation. To do this, tie a soft cloth around the wrist of your left hand and always wipe the knife blade. The survival rate of the kidney is reduced when dust hits the knife blade or wound.
How to sharpen and handle the tool
Before starting work, the instrument should be thoroughly disinfected. For this purpose, use alcohol or a weak solution of potassium permanganate. When working with an eyepiece knife, you need to choose comfortable postures, since if you carelessly, you can not only injure yourself, but also damage the plant. The tool must be well sharpened. The quality of the procedure performed depends on this. You need to sharpen the knife on both sides on a coarse-grained block. To determine the degree of sharpness of the knife, you need to set the blade in the direction of the sun vertically with the point up. If there are shiny dots, it means that the knife is dull.
Before sharpening, the bar must be moistened with water. When sharpening, apply the knife correctly with the entire plane. You need to drive along the bar, performing rectilinear movements. The knife should be sharpened until burrs appear on the blade. They can be removed with a fine-grained whetstone. Always be careful with the sharpness of the knife. The point must be sharpened at an acute angle. The plane of the blade must then be polished. The rounding knife should only be used for its intended purpose. It is undesirable for them to cut anything. After finishing work, wipe the tool with a dry cloth.
When buying a knife, you need to pay attention to the blade thickness, which should be at least 2 mm. To check the quality of the knife, you need to cut a regular sheet of paper by weight. The steel is of high quality if the cut remains flat even after 7 strips. Every gardener should have a variety of tree and plant care tools. One of the essential tools is the budding knife. With its help, the grafting of fruit trees and ornamental plants is carried out.
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