Conifers on a suburban area fit perfectly into any design. Cypress is a miniature ornamental coniferous plant that can be placed both outdoors and at home. It is important to be able to properly care for the plant.
- Cypress: plant description
- Planting: preparation stages and execution
- Cypress propagation
- How to care for a cypress tree
Cypress: plant description
Cypress is a monoecious, evergreen plant that belongs to the cypress family. There are 7 main types of plants:
- Dull cypress
- Nutkan cypress
- Lawson's cypress
- Pea cypress
- Formosian cypress
- Cypress yellow
The plant has a conical crown, branches are long drooping or outstretched. The trunk of the cypress is covered with a scaly bark of a brownish-brown hue. Under normal natural conditions, the plant can grow up to 70 m in length. The color of the leaves is green with a yellowish or bluish-smoky tinge. If seedlings have needle-shaped leaves, then in adult plants they are scaly. When the buds are ripe, they are no more than 12 mm in diameter. The seeds ripen in the first year after planting, so they can already be used for reproduction.
Planting: preparation stages and execution
It is recommended to plant cypress in partial shade. It is important to avoid lowlands and places where cold air stagnates. Some species need more light. Cypress grows in loamy, well-drained and moist soil. Planting should be done in the spring when the soil warms up enough. The optimal time of the year is spring.
A pit for planting a cypress should be prepared in advance. It is best to do this in the fall, then the soil will have time to settle. Dig a hole to a depth of 50-80 cm and add a nutrient substrate. To prepare it, you need to take 2 parts of humus and peat, 3 parts of turf and 1 part of sand. A drainage layer should be added immediately before adding fertilizer. For this purpose, you can use broken brick, crushed stone. During the winter, the substrate will rot, and in the spring the soil will warm up faster.
Before planting, you need to water the hole with water, and spill the earthen lump with a root solution in a ratio of 1: 5. Place the seedling carefully in the hole and cover it with soil. Planting a seedling in the spring should be done so that the root system is under the ground. At the same time, while loosening the soil, the roots should not look out.
For reproduction, vegetative methods are most often used - cuttings and layering. The first method is carried out as follows: cut the cuttings about 5-10 cm long from young shoots. Then remove the needles from the lower part and plant them in separate containers. For the substrate, sand and perlite are used in equal amounts and coniferous bark is added.
After planting, cover the cuttings with foil. At high air humidity, rooting will occur in 1-2 months. Cuttings can be transplanted directly into the open ground, after putting on a bottle, after cutting off the neck. It is recommended to propagate creeping cypress forms by layering.
On the shoots that are located at the very bottom, make an incision and insert a small pebble. This is to ensure that the incision is not closed. Next, lay the cut on the ground with the cut and sprinkle it lightly with soil. The entire growing season, the layers are watered, and with the appearance of their own roots, separate and transplant.
Video review of a cypress tree in the garden:
How to care for a cypress tree
In order for the plant to grow and develop well, it should be regularly looked after. It is recommended to feed with complex fertilizer in the spring. After that, the soil should be loosened and watered. The first feeding should be done 2 months after planting. For seedlings, the concentration of the solution should be low. An adult cypress is fed 2 times a month until mid-summer.
Kemira is the most popular fertilizer. 100-150 g of fertilizer is enough per square meter. Cypress loves moisture. Add about 8 liters of water at a time. If the climate is dry, then watering can be increased. You can spray the plant once a week. It is recommended to shade the seedlings, as the sun's rays have a detrimental effect on them.
Do not forget to mulch the plant. This procedure is recommended in the spring. As mulch, you can use bark, sawdust, peat with a layer of about 7 cm. After this procedure, you can water the plant less often, while it is important to ensure that the top layer does not dry out.
If necessary, the cypress can be shaped - cone-shaped or pyramidal. It is important to promptly remove old and dry branches that interfere with the full development of the plant. Pruning should be done in early spring. You can cut off no more than 1/3 of the green mass. In the fall, when the growing season ends, it is advisable to cut off a third of the growth for the current year. You can start forming the crown a year after planting the cypress.
A coniferous plant is resistant to pests and various diseases, however, with improper care, it can be affected by a spider mite or scale insect. If the leaves of the cypress tree begin to turn yellow and fall off, then this is the work of spider mites. To get rid of them, you can treat with special means: Neoron, Apollo, Nuprid, etc.
When moisture stagnates in the root system, root rot can occur. This fungal disease can kill the plant. The cypress must be dug up, the affected roots cut off, treated with a fungicide and transplanted to another place. If the entire root system is involved in the process, then the plant can no longer be saved.