The Gloucester apple tree is a popular variety that can be grown in all climatic regions. At their summer cottage, almost every gardener grows apple trees. What is this variety?
- Description of the variety
- Beneficial features
- Features of growing an apple tree
- Cooking use
Description of the variety
Apple "Gloucester" belongs to the winter varieties. It was obtained by crossing two varieties by German breeders: Richard Delicious and Glockenapfel. The tree belongs to the fast-growing species, the crown is pyramidal or highly oval. The branches extend from the trunk at an angle of about 45-60 degrees, with the ends directed upwards.
The pulp is light with a creamy shade, juicy, medium density. When ripe, the fruits acquire a sweet and sour taste. The skin of the fruit is thin and smooth, dark red with yellow dots. Fruits are large, rounded weight can reach 200 g. Harvesting is carried out at the end of September. With free pollination, an ovary of no more than 18% of juicy fruits is formed.
If pollinators are present, the value increases to 26%. The following varieties can become pollinators: Gala, Idared, Spartan, James-Grieve, etc. The crop can be stored for 4 months in a cool place. Gloucester apples are undergoing transportation. This variety has good winter hardiness. Gloucester is resistant to powdery mildew and scab. Begins to bear fruit in the fourth year on a medium-sized rootstock.
Gloucester apples contain a large amount of vitamins and minerals. The following trace elements are present in the fruits:
Gloucester apples are rich in ascorbic acid, which enhances the immune system and protective functions of the body. Fiber, cellulose and pectin in apples helps to cleanse the intestines of harmful substances and toxins, and also speeds up metabolism. In addition, apples contain a large amount of vitamins B, C, E, K. This variety has antioxidant properties, has a positive effect on the work of the cardiovascular system, and normalizes blood pressure.
Features of growing an apple tree
For abundant fruiting, you need to create all the necessary conditions for the development of the apple tree. It is necessary to grow an apple tree on fertile soil. If the soil is acidic, then use lime. Nitrogen must be present in the soil. It is an important trace element that contributes to the rapid growth, development and ripening of fruits. It is recommended to plant a tree in an open area, not very close to other trees.
Before planting a seedling, you need to remove all damaged roots, cover up the wounds and straighten the rhizome. With the appearance of foliage and swelling of the kidneys, planting is not carried out. Immediately before planting, you need to dig a hole about 50-60 cm deep and about 50-70 cm in diameter. It is recommended to prepare the hole in the fall so that the ground does not freeze. When planting in spring, the bottom layer of the soil may be frozen.
Next, carefully level the roots and lower them into the hole. Then cover with earth, tamp well and water. The ditch must be covered with branches. The seedling does not need fertilization during the first year after planting. Top dressing is performed only from the second year with the use of phosphorus-potassium and nitrogen fertilizers. After 5 years, humate and urea are added. Fertilization can be done in the spring before the buds swell or in the fall after harvest.
To get a good harvest, it is important not only to properly plant, but also to feed, water and care for in a timely manner. In the summer, it is necessary to exterminate pests: caterpillars, weevils, etc. In addition, weeds should be removed periodically.
Apples can be used both fresh and baked, canned, dried. From the fruits of the "Gloucester" variety, you can make jam, preserves or make juice, syrup. In cooking, apples are used in baking pies, pies and other flour dishes.
Common recipes using apples
Apple jam. To make jam, you need a kilogram of apples, one orange, 700 g of sugar and 200 ml of water. The fruits are poured with cold water and kept for 20 minutes. Then wipe and cut into slices along with the skin, periodically adding sugar. Wash the orange, squeeze the juice and add to the slices.
Leave the apple slices in this form for 4 hours to let the juice flow. Then remove the slices, add 200 ml of water to the syrup, mix and put on the fire until it boils.
Then you can add the sliced apples and cook for another 15 minutes. Then leave the jam overnight, and the next day, cook again until a thick mass is obtained. Jam from apples. To make apple jam, you need to take about 10 kg of apples and 8 kg of sugar.
Wash the apples without peeling, cut into wedges and place in a large saucepan. Pour half of the water into it. After the water boils, cook for another 15-20 minutes. Then add sugar, stir and wait for a simmer. In this form, pour into jars, tightly close the lid. Store in a cool place after cool.
Apple jam. For apple jam, you need to take 1 kg of apples and sugar. Peel the apples, cut into cubes. Then put in a saucepan and cover with water. Put on fire, extinguish a little, and then drain the water. Then rub the apples through a sieve, add sugar and put on fire, stirring regularly. The jam should be cooked for about 30-40 minutes. The resulting mass should be homogeneous, transparent. These are simple options for preparing blanks for the winter at home.
Video review of Gloucester apples