Beans have been known in Europe since the voyage of Columbus. Currently, for these purposes, cultivars of common beans and related species from the Legume family are grown. We will try to find out what green beans are, useful properties and applications.
- The chemical composition of green beans
- Indications and contraindications for the use of green beans
- How you can harvest green beans
The chemical composition of green beans
Green beans differ from shell beans in that they are eaten together with green young shells and beans that are not fully formed. The beneficial properties of green beans have been noticed by the South American Indians.
In the modern world, the chemical composition, nutritional value and beneficial properties of green beans are widely used in cooking and traditional medicine. Unlike shelling varieties, green beans have a low protein content, but more dietary fiber, vitamins and minerals. Nutritional value of 100 g of raw green beans is 16 - 17 kcal.
The composition includes:
- protein 1.2 g
- fats 0.1 g
- carbohydrates 2.4 g
- water 91 - 92 g
- dietary fiber 2.5 g
- ash substances 1.7 g
Of the macronutrients, sodium deserves attention, it contains 43% of the daily dose. The following minerals from the macronutrient group are also present:
There is also such a trace element as iron in green beans. It also contains:
- vitamin and provitamin A
- vitamin E
- vitamin C
- vitamin PP
- group of vitamins B
Separately, it should be said about substances such as lectins. The attitude towards them is ambiguous, but their content in green beans is not so high, in this amount they are beneficial, since they can inhibit the growth of cancer cells. With an excessive content of lectins, they harm the immune system, erythrocytes, especially a lot of them in beans with red beans. If these beans are poorly soaked and not boiled, then you can get serious poisoning.
Indications and contraindications for the use of green beans
Green beans may help relieve non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Its amino acid chemical composition acts like insulin and lowers blood glucose levels. You can use both fresh, freshly squeezed juice, and decoctions from green, not yet dried pods. Beans combined with blueberries or beans combined with Brussels sprouts can have a positive effect on insulin metabolism.
With diabetes, you can prepare a complex decoction of two parts of green pods, two parts of blueberry leaves and one part of flax seeds. Three tablespoons of this mixture are poured with boiling water in an amount of 0.6 liters and boiled for 20 minutes. The broth is taken three times a day, the amount of broth at one time is 3 liters. Art. Shown is the use of green beans for:
- diseases of the pancreas
- low acidity gastritis
- kidney stones
- increased CNS excitability
Shown the use of decoctions from green pods with a lack of milk during breastfeeding. The decoction of the pods perfectly relieves swelling, the effect of the application will increase several times if you prepare the medicine with corn silk. When treating the pancreas, the benefits of beans can be enhanced by blueberry leaves. As with any medicines, there are limitations and contraindications in the use of green beans.
Contraindications to the use of green beans
You should not use decoctions, infusions and juice of green beans during an exacerbation of the following diseases:
- ulcers and gastritis
- acute colitis
How you can harvest green beans
Green beans can be harvested in several ways:
- Harvesting unripe pods
- Harvesting pods after threshing
Bean pods are removed from the bush without waiting for them to dry. This must be done on time, while the valves are fleshy and contain the maximum amount of nutrients. The plucked pods are cut into pieces of 1.5 - 2.0 cm. This is done together with the unripe beans.
After that, spread on a sheet of paper in one layer. Every day, the raw material is turned over 1-2 times. The process continues until completely dry. Store the harvested pods in a dry place. The harvested raw material retains maximum benefit throughout the year. When the pods are threshed or peeled, they can also be harvested for the treatment and prevention of certain diseases.
To do this, you need to dry them as well as possible by sprinkling them on paper in a dry and well-ventilated place. Dry for 6 - 7 days, stirring regularly.
Pour into a dry jar and close the lid. Store for a year. In the freezer of a household refrigerator, you can preserve the beneficial properties of green beans if you freeze them. To do this, sort the pods, remove plant debris. Cut into 3 cm long pieces. Place everything in a bag and freeze quickly.
To do this, do not stuff too many raw materials into one bag. It is enough to put 0.6 - 0.8 kg. Store no longer than 3 months. If the temperature regime is observed, frozen beans retain all the properties of fresh. When harvesting and using beans for home treatment, it is important to remember that this does not replace formal treatment or excuse from visiting a specialist.
Video about the benefits and dangers of beans: