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In many houses you can find plants from the Kalanchoe genus of the Tolstyankovye family. However, there are times when the plant requires some attention and care from the growers.
Kalanchoe blooming when grown as a pot plant needs some attention and care. The flowering period can be repeated, creating a number of conditions for the plant.
- Conditions for the growth and flowering of Kalanchoe
- How to plant Kalanchoe
- How to care for blooming Kalanchoe
- How to help Kalanchoe bloom
Conditions for the growth and flowering of Kalanchoe
The description of the living conditions of the plant in the natural environment will help to determine the place in the room for the pot with the Kalanchoe. And Kalanchoe grows in rather hot conditions of the tropics and subtropics. Therefore, the first place will always be the temperature regime. In indoor conditions, three types of this plant are most often grown:
- Kalanchoe pinnate
- Kalanchoe Degremona
- Kalanchoe Blossfeld
The first two plants are credited with medicinal properties. All three species are capable of blooming indoors with varying degrees of decorativeness. However, Blossfeld's Kalanchoe is the most beautiful in its blooming state. This plant was described relatively recently - in 1934. This type of Kalanchoe has compact beautiful bushes with a height of 20 cm to 30 cm, while other species can grow in pots up to 0.6 and even up to 0.9 m.
The color of the inflorescences cultivated in indoor conditions of the Blossfeld Kalanchoe can be very different. There are specimens with pink, orange, and yellow inflorescences.
Flowers of wild-growing Kalanchoe Blossfeld are colored red. It is this palette of colors that makes Blossfeld's Kalanchoe very popular with flower growers. The flowering period is several months. As a rule, Kalanchoe blooms from late winter to mid or late spring. Initially, the birthplace of all Kalanchoe was Africa and Madagascar.
In the future, they acclimatized well in other territories with a warm climate, including Asia, Australia, New Zealand, America. All Kalanchoe are succulent plants that can store and retain moisture. The word Kalanchoe is translated as thick skin, it is she who prevents the evaporation of water.
When choosing a place for a Kalanchoe pot, it is advisable to give preference to southern windows when creating a small shade in the hot season. This is necessary in order to protect the leaves from burns. Suitable for a flower and a room with windows oriented to the east or west. In winter, the Kalanchoe needs an additional light source. If the daylight hours are too short, the plant will lose its decorative effect.
The total time of continuous illumination should not be less than 12 hours. Otherwise, the stems in the lower part will lose their leaves, remain naked and begin to stretch excessively upward. In the summer, the Kalanchoe develops well at + 25, in the winter - at + 12. The air humidity in the room is not at all fundamental when growing Kalanchoe. However, in the summer, the flower reacts well to water treatment in the form of sprinkling.
How to plant Kalanchoe
Blooming Kalanchoe can be propagated by seed. To do this, the seeds in early spring are laid out on well-moistened soil and covered with glass. Until the sprouts appear, the pot is kept in a fairly dark place. Two or three times a day the glass is lifted for ventilation. During the summer period, young Kalanchoe from seeds are pinched twice to form a bush. In the fall, the plant is ready for potting.
All types of Kalanchoe can be propagated by leaf or stem cuttings. In addition, Kalanchoe pinnate and Kalanchoe Degremona form a fairly large number of children along the edges of the leaves, which, falling on the ground, immediately begin their growth. For rooting children, leaf or stem cuttings should be placed in a bowl with wet sand, covered with a glass jar.
During the rooting period, it is important to keep the plant at a temperature of + 25 degrees during the day and + 18 degrees at night during the day. After the roots appear, Kalanchoe can be transplanted into a pot with soil. You can try to hold stem cuttings in a glass of water until roots appear. To grow Kalanchoe, you can use ready-made soil for succulent plants or make up a soil mixture on your own.
To do this, it is enough to mix in equal parts:
- turf land
- leafy ground
Since the Kalanchoe is quite responsive to the nutritional value of the soil, a little bone meal can be added for every 10 kg of the mixture. Since this is a fairly strong organic fertilizer, no more than one heaped tablespoon is required. To avoid stagnant water, a layer of expanded clay or broken brick is poured onto the bottom of the pot. After that, the pot is filled with soil and a young Kalanchoe sapling is planted in it. Typically, with proper care, the plant will bloom after a year.
How to care for blooming Kalanchoe
The plant is responsive to watering. However, it can die with a systematic excess of water. Therefore, the frequency of watering is regulated by the drying out of the earthy coma. In summer, in addition to watering, the plant must be sprayed and given a warm shower. In winter, such a procedure is not carried out. The ingress of moisture on the leaves at this time can worsen the appearance of the Kalanchoe.
In the summer, pots with Kalanchoe are recommended to be displayed on loggias and balconies. You can keep them there until the temperature starts to drop at night to + 10 degrees. In order for the blooming Kalanchoe to retain the ability to form new flowers for as long as possible, old peduncles are cut off.
And so that the most peduncles are formed as much as possible, the shoots are slightly pinched. During the period of active growth, the plant needs regular feeding twice a month. Any liquid mixture for succulents is suitable for this. Unfortunately, it so happens that all the conditions seem to be created, but Blossfeld's Kalanchoe does not bloom.
How to help Kalanchoe bloom
It turns out that in order for the Kalanchoe to bloom, it needs to somewhat limit the amount of sunlight. Kalanchoe blooms with a short day. Here, a simple technique will come to the rescue of the florist, which will help to reduce the daylight hours, without changing the place where the pot stands, nor the conditions in which the Kalanchoe grows.
From cardboard or thick paper, you need to glue the cone and cover the plant with a cap for several hours a day. If you need Kalanchoe blooming not only in spring, but also at other times of the year, then such a reception, carried out for four to five weeks, will help it bloom a second time.
Video about growing Kalanchoe: