Indoor flowers have long become a symbol of comfort and uniqueness of every human habitation. Calathea makoya is no exception.
It will suit those lovers of indoor floriculture who are attracted not by the lush and bright flowering, which does not happen so often, but by the everyday elegant look of the plant. It is the beautiful leaves of calathea makoya that make this plant popular and in demand.
- Calathea makoya, plant description
- Conditions for growing calathea makoya
- Some features of calathea care
Calathea makoya, plant description
Calathea makoya belongs to the Calathea genus from the Marantovaya family. Like all indoor plants, calathea makoya came into human habitation from the wild. The plant is native to the humid forests of South and Central America.
The life form of Calathea is a perennial herb. Since the generic name of the plant is translated from Greek as a basket, it is believed that this plant was a raw material for weaving baskets for the aboriginal inhabitants of Brazil, Peru, and Ecuador.
The underground part of the shoots forms rather powerful and well-branched rhizomes. Straight ground shoots extending from them form rosettes of beautiful leaves. The leaf plates are thin, similar in appearance to paper. The leaves are oval. Their size can be up to 30 cm.
The leaves of the makoya calathea are very oddly colored. Against the green background, there is a pattern of silvery and dark green spots of various shapes and sizes. The lower part of the purple or cherry-colored leaf also has a pattern. The leaves are attached with pubescent lilac petioles.
The petioles are quite long, their length can be up to 14 cm. It is thanks to the color of the leaves and the pattern on them that the plant is popular among lovers of potted crops. In addition to the color of the leaves, the plant has one more feature. With the onset of evening, the leaves rise, stretch and fold so that they become like the palms of a person who brings prayer.
For this feature, the flower is called a prayer flower. In the morning, the leaves return to their original position. Because of this feature and the ability to move, it seems that Calathea is an animal rather than a plant. The character of Calathea, although not very picky, still needs to create certain conditions for growth and development in the room.
Conditions for growing calathea makoya
As for any plant, the following are important for calathea:
- the soil
Lighting and temperature
In order for the leaves of the calathea to retain their pattern, the plant must be positioned so that the sun is enough for it, but the lighting must be diffused. Direct rays burn the leaves, and the lack of light impairs the appearance of the leaves. Therefore, it is best to place the plant near windows oriented to the southeast or southwest.
Near the southern windows, you need to create protection from the midday sun, and near the northern windows, the flower needs additional light. A fluorescent lamp is suitable for this.
Taking into account the fact that plants in the wild grow in a tropical climate, then the room should be warm. The optimum temperature for calathea should be at least + 22 and not higher than + 28 degrees. The flower does not tolerate a sharp change in temperature. It is advisable to keep the temperature at the same constant level. A sharp drop in temperature below the designated level is especially detrimental to the plant.
Watering and moisture
Given the fact that in the wild, Calathea makoya grows along water bodies and in wet places, the plant requires regular watering. In the summer, it should be frequent and abundant, and in winter the flower is watered more moderately, but regularly. The soil in the pot should be constantly slightly moist, but without stagnation and excess water.
In addition to watering, calathea requires a certain air humidity. This can be achieved by spraying water with a hand sprayer in the plant area. It is important to carry out this procedure in winter, when heating radiators dry the air excessively. Excess and lack of water can cause drying and shedding of leaves.
For growing calathea at home, any light soil is suitable. It is best if the following components are present in equal parts in its composition:
- leaf land
If you can create all the conditions for growing a flower indoors, then you can go to the store and purchase makoya calathea.
Some features of calathea care
In addition to the usual watering with soft, settled water, bottom watering can be used. To do this, fill the pallet with pebbles or peat. After that, pour water into a pan and place a flower pot on top. Important for calathea and feeding.
After the plant has been watered with water, you can dilute the houseplant fertilizer and feed the flower. This should be done from spring to mid-autumn. The frequency of fertilization is once every two weeks. For reproduction, you can separate part of the bush along with the rhizome during plant transplantation.
Usually, the transplant is done every two years. Calathea is susceptible to damage by spider mites and scale insects. For prevention, you need to regularly inspect the entire plant, pay special attention to the underside of the leaves.
If infection with a pest is noticed on time, then it is enough to treat it with a solution of karbofos or actellik. If everything is done correctly, then calathea makoya will look dignified and, if you're lucky, you can hear the slight rustling of its leaves, which are folded like the palms of your hands for evening prayer.
Video about the proper care of makoya calathea at home: