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Indoor pomegranate will delight you not only with beautiful flowers, but also with exotic fruits. Usually pomegranate is propagated by cuttings or seeds. How to grow pomegranate on a windowsill?
- Collection of planting material
- Preparing seeds for planting
- What should be the soil
- Landing features
- Pomegranate care
Collection of planting material
Seeds for cultivation can be selected when the fruit is purchased at the market or in the store. The pomegranate should be large with a deep reddish hue. If the fruits are rotten, the seeds will not germinate well.
Ripe seeds are white or cream colored, firm and smooth to the touch. If they are soft and green, then they are not suitable for planting. When buying seed, you also need to pay attention to their quality.
The package must contain: the name of the variety, the address of the company, the logo, the expiration date, the batch number, the weight of the seeds. You should not buy seeds from strangers in the market. It is better to buy in specialized stores. It should be remembered that the yield is influenced not only by the quality of the seeds, but also by the correct growing conditions and care.
Preparing seeds for planting
Before planting, the seeds must be peeled from the pulp and rinsed well. If some of the pulp remains on them, then the seeds will become moldy. First, the peeled seeds need to be soaked. Pour water into a small saucer and add a few drops of Epin's solution and add seeds. Instead of Epin, you can use Zircon solution.
This procedure stimulates the seeds to germinate. Moreover, they should be located in the water by half. Leave them in this state for 12 hours. It is not recommended to close the saucer completely; oxygen must flow to the seeds. All this time it is necessary to monitor the water in the container.
If it evaporates, then be sure to add. Otherwise, the seeds will dry out and the shell will crack. The container should be kept in a cool place, avoiding drafts.
What should be the soil
This exotic soil can grow in almost any soil. A special substrate can be purchased at a garden store and prepared by yourself. For planting pomegranate seeds, you can use peat and coarse river sand in equal amounts.
Previously, the sand should be doused with boiling water. Sod and humus can be used instead of peat. Mix these two components, and add river sand before planting. It is an excellent source of minerals and will make the soil loose and soft.
It is advisable to plant pomegranate seeds in a clay container. Place a drainage layer on the bottom and fill the pot with substrate. Next, make several depressions of 1-1.5 cm and moisten the soil. Spread out the seeds and sprinkle with earth, but do not tamp.
After that, sprinkle lightly with water and cover the container with cling film. For quick germination of seeds, it is recommended to place the pot in a warm and dry place. It is important not to forget to open the film from time to time and ventilate the sprouts. They must be watered and monitored so that the substrate is not too wet.
With proper preparation of seeds and soil for planting, the germination rate is quite high. Some seeds may hatch within a week, while others only after a month or more. The film is removed after the first leaves appear. At this moment, a pick is carried out into separate pots. Planting is best done in winter, so that sprouts appear by spring.
Pomegranate is not whimsical to care for. It is advisable to place the pot on the south side, where there is enough light and heat, but it is better to cover the plant from bright sunlight. In summer, the pomegranate tree can be taken out to the balcony for fresh air. If he lacks light, then the leaves will become sparse, and the plant will stretch in height. Watering pomegranates in summer should be at least 4-5 times, and in winter they should be reduced to 2 times.
If necessary, you can use a spray bottle if the topsoil dries quickly and the inside of the soil is damp. Warm water is used for irrigation. Fertilizers are applied in spring and summer. It should be fed every 2 weeks. Usually, liquid fertilizers intended for indoor plants are used.
Organic fertilizers can also be used: manure, aquarium water. Just before feeding, the tree should be watered abundantly. The pomegranate needs pruning. This allows you to form a beautiful crown. The first haircut is done with the appearance of four leaves on the tree.
Gently pinch off the last leaves. After two branches grow, they are also cut off. The transplant is carried out with a strong growth of the tree.
When transplanting, they change not only the capacity, but also the soil. The procedure is recommended to be carried out every three years in the spring. It should be noted that the pomegranate tree, which is grown from the seed, only blooms, and it is recommended to graft it for the appearance of fruit. The pomegranate has the ability to shed its leaves. This usually starts in late November and early December.
If the latter falls, you need to take the pot to a cool room. During flowering, plants can be pollinated using a brush or cotton swab. It is quite possible that several fruits will appear by the fall. Like other plants, pomegranate is also susceptible to disease.
They usually develop with improper care. Most often, pomegranates are affected by spider mites, pomegranate moths, and aphids. It is necessary to regularly inspect the pomegranate tree, wipe the leaves, do not overmoisten the soil. These activities will help you grow a pomegranate tree at home without difficulty.
Video on how to grow pomegranates at home: