In recent years, more and more vegetable growers prefer to grow open field cucumbers tied to a trellis. This method, in comparison with the cultivation method, allows you to get the maximum yield in the shortest possible time.
- Benefits of growing on a trellis
- Which varieties to choose
- Landing technology
- Cucumber care
Benefits of growing on a trellis
The trellis method of growing cucumbers in the open field has a number of advantages compared to the traditional method of growing cucumbers:
- Saves a lot of space
- The fruiting period is lengthened
- Decreases the level of fungal diseases
- Fruit picking becomes easier
- Increases yield and product uniformity
The simplest trellis looks like a wooden frame with a stretched mesh or wire, to which cucumber lashes cling. But, despite this simplicity, it can significantly improve and facilitate the process of growing cucumbers.
Which varieties to choose
Not all varieties of cucumbers are suitable for growing on a trellis. The best results are shown by long-leaved plants with a bouquet type of flowering, which are able to form 3-4 cucumbers in the leaf axils. Most of these cucumbers are hybrid parthenocarpic plants, meaning they can produce fruit without pollination. The most popular ones at the moment are the following:
- clean ponds
Also, when grown on a trellis in the open field, early maturing varieties with a predominantly female type of flowering show good results.
Prepare the soil for planting cucumbers in the fall. For this, manure and mineral fertilizers are introduced under the digging. When forming ridges, the distance between the rows should be at least 1 m.To create a trellis, it is most convenient to use a plastic mesh with cells of 10x10 or 20x20 cm.
To do this, wooden poles are dug in along the entire length of the ridges, the distance between them should be about 4 m. A wire is pulled along the top and bottom of the poles, to which a plastic net will then be attached. To get an early harvest of cucumbers, you will need to use the seedling method of growing cucumbers.
When determining the timing of sowing, one should be guided by the climatic conditions of each specific region. For the middle lane, the optimal period will be the beginning or mid-May. Sowing seeds is best done in individual containers.
For example, you can use peat pots or plastic seedling trays. The soil for sowing is prepared at the rate of 1 part of sod land, 1 part of humus and 1 part of peat. You can also use ready-made soil for growing seedlings.
Immediately after the end of sowing, the containers are kept at a temperature not lower than + 27 ° C. After the emergence of seedlings, it is reduced to 18-20 ° C, this will prevent the stretching of the plants. At the time of planting, each plant should have 2-3 leaves, and the age should be about 20-25 days. Seedlings begin to plant in late May or early June. In this case, the distance between the plants should be about 20 cm.
Direct sowing in open ground
You can also grow cucumbers on a trellis by direct sowing in open ground. Sowing begins at the end of May, after the soil warms up to + 15 ° C. 2-3 seeds are sown in each hole. After the emergence of seedlings, thinning is carried out, leaving no more than 2 plants in each hole.
An important role in the cultivation of cucumbers on a trellis is played by their timely garter and shaping. After 4 or 5 leaves are formed on the plants, they begin to tie them up. For this, the central shoot is passed through a mesh cell. This should be done weekly. In this case, you need to be careful and act as carefully as possible.
The shoots of cucumbers are rather fragile and break easily, therefore, the garter is best carried out in the daytime, since at this moment the turgor of the plants is reduced. To get a high yield of cucumbers, it is very important to form them in a timely manner and correctly. To do this, remove the first 2 or 3 stepsons on the main shoot. In the future, they should be removed after one, closer to the crown, they can be plucked out after 2 or 3 sheets.
Video on how to grow cucumbers on a trellis:
Watering and feeding
Cucumbers are a moisture-loving crop, water it and need on time and abundantly. In no case should the soil be allowed to dry out, as this will greatly affect the yield. On average, you need to water cucumber beds every 2-3 days. In this case, you need to focus on the weather and soil conditions.
Irrigation water must be warm. Watering must be strictly at the root, when moisture gets on the leaves, the risk of fungal diseases increases. Mulching can be done to reduce the frequency of watering.
For these purposes, weeds or straw are suitable. In order for the cucumbers to bear fruit abundantly throughout the season, they will need to be fed regularly. To do this, you can use an infusion of fermented mullein or mineral fertilizer.
Top dressing should be done every 10-15 days. All fertilizer solutions must be applied at the root. It is necessary to completely exclude their contact with plant leaves. Also, the soil should be watered before and after application.
At the initial stages of development of cucumbers, in order to stimulate their accelerated development, you can also use foliar feeding with urea. The solution is prepared according to the attached instructions, and then it is sprayed over the leaves. Spraying with urea should be carried out in dry, calm weather in the evening, preferably after sunset.
The average term for the onset of fruiting cucumbers is 40 days. For fresh consumption, greens are harvested at the age of 8-12 days, picks are picked for canning, their age is 2 days, and their size does not exceed -5 cm. Also, for canning purposes, gherkins are often removed, their size is 5-9 cm , age 4-5 days.
The picking of cucumbers should be done every 2 days. It is impossible to linger with the harvesting process, as this will lead to a delay in the development of new zelents. Also, during harvesting, you should pick not only high-quality cucumbers, but also sick, damaged and ugly ones. If this is not done, it will cause premature depletion of the plant and the period of fruiting will be significantly reduced.
The best time for harvesting fruits is considered to be the morning or evening hours. After the end of the fruiting period, all plant residues are removed from the trellis, which are then destroyed. Do not use them for composting or leave them in place. Pathogens or pests can remain in them.