We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Home flowers for many are not only interior decoration, but also a favorite hobby. In order for flowers to please the eye, they need to be carefully looked after, following many rules and instructions. Special requirements are put forward for the choice of soil, lighting, watering, top dressing.
- How to fertilize indoor plants
- How to prepare soil for plant transplantation
- Optimal indoor plant care
- Home plant pest symptoms
How to fertilize indoor plants
Household plants need micro and macronutrients every day. Indispensable trace elements are:
Indispensable macronutrients are:
Both a deficiency and an overabundance of the above elements can lead to a change in the appearance of the plant, negatively affect flowering and fruiting. Experienced growers by their appearance can determine which substance is missing. For example, nitrogen affects leaf color and growth, phosphorus affects color and flowering. Fertilizers for indoor plants are organic and inorganic.
Organic (natural) fertilizers include manure, compost, ash, and other mineral additives to inorganic fertilizers. Mineral fertilizers can consist of several elements, or they can contain only one. For indoor flowers, use a liquid form of fertilizer.
They are widely available in any flower shop and even supermarket. For some plants, special formulations can be purchased, for example, for cacti, for orchids, for flowering, etc. Top dressing of indoor plants at home can be root and foliar. In the second case, we are talking about spraying shoots.
The high concentration of nutrients can cause burns to the leaves and root system, so the instructions must be strictly followed. Root and foliar feeding is carried out in the evening. In advance, the plant is watered with settled water. Fertilizer is not applied to dry soil.
How to prepare soil for plant transplantation
There are different potting mixes for different plants. You can buy them or prepare them yourself at home. An obligatory characteristic of the soil is its nutritional value. Before use, the soil must be sifted out of excess particles and calcined in the oven to destroy harmful microorganisms.
For indoor plants, loose soil is used, periodically it must be loosened so that there is free access of oxygen to the roots. A wooden stick is used for this procedure. Coarse river sand can be added to the mixture. It will give looseness and porosity. A drainage layer of expanded clay is laid at the bottom of the pot, a layer of peat moss on top.
Charcoal can also be added to the potting mix. The transplant is carried out in the spring and summer, in autumn or winter, plants are transplanted only when urgently needed. The dishes should be medium in size, not much larger than the root system. As the roots grow, a larger pot is selected. Some plants have a hard time transplanting, in this case, you can limit yourself to replacing the topsoil or transferring to new dishes.
Cases when a plant needs to be transplanted:
- the plant needs a bigger pot
- the soil is depleted
- the plant grows poorly
If the plant is sick, you need to wait for its complete recovery, so as not to bring unnecessary stress. The transplant is also transferred during flowering. A month before transplanting, the plants are intensively fed, and watered abundantly a day.
After transplanting, the plant is also watered, sprayed, placed in a place protected from drafts and direct sunlight. Indoor plants feel the need for fertilization after 1-1.5 months. You can start feeding the plant after 2-3 weeks.
Optimal indoor plant care
All indoor plants, without exception, do not tolerate direct sunlight and prefer warm light. Flowering species and representatives with variegated leaves need an individual approach. It is best to put the plants on a windowsill, closer to the light source; transparent tulle can serve as additional protection from bright rays.
Any ornamental plants do not tolerate drafts. Even when airing the room, it is recommended to rearrange the pots for a while. The most important point is proper watering of the plants. During the growing season (spring and summer), the plant needs frequent watering.
In winter, the root system is dormant, so the plant is watered once a week or even less. In the warm season, not only the roots, but also the leaves need moisture. They are sprayed from a spray bottle, sometimes you can arrange a shower. Water for irrigation should be separated, at room temperature.
If you ignore these rules, then the plant can get sick or weaken. You should not use boiled water, it does not contain oxygen and trace elements useful for the plant. Rarely does someone adjust the temperature in a room just for the comfort of indoor plants. The optimal conditions for the development of flowers are 15-25 degrees.
Some species also tolerate hotter temperatures. Therefore, it is not recommended to put pots near heaters and radiators in winter. When cleaning the house, dust is wiped off the plants. The dust prevents light from penetrating the leaves, which is necessary for the photosynthesis process. The dust may contain harmful substances for the flower.
Home plant pest symptoms
If the plant is infected with a virus, then the symptoms can be very diverse. The plant stops growing, the leaves become stained, and the stems wither. Often, the virus is not cured, the plant is thrown away until the disease has spread to healthy specimens. Antacrosis appears at elevated room temperatures and high humidity.
The tips of the leaves turn brown and black spots appear. The affected leaves are removed, and healthy ones are treated with an insecticide, watering is reduced for a while. Due to excessive moisture, a black leg may appear - a fungal disease. The affected cuttings are removed, care is being established. Root rot occurs due to excessive watering. The leaves gradually turn yellow, then the stems, then the shoots turn black, the plant dies.
Early on, the plant can be saved by removing rotten roots. Powdery mildew manifests itself as a white bloom on the leaves. This is a fungal infection. The affected leaves must be removed, and the healthy ones must be sprayed with a fungicide.
Dropsy appears when the soil is waterlogged and insufficient lighting. The fungus can only be found on the underside of the leaf. If the leaves are covered with brown spots, this may indicate a bacterial or fungal disease. For prevention, healthy leaves are treated with a fungicide. Watering is temporarily reduced.
The mob is a fungal disease that manifests itself on the secretions after aphids, mealybugs, whiteflies. It is not necessary to process the plant; it is enough to remove the plaque with a damp sponge. In a cold room, gray rot appears. The fungus outwardly resembles fluffy mold.
The leaves are cut off and the soil is treated with a fungicide. Caring for indoor plants begins from the moment you select a pot and prepare a potting mixture. If you skip at least one care item, you can permanently lose the flower.
Video about the best fertilizers for indoor flowers: