In the modern world, roses include a huge number of plants from the genus Rosehip, which are found in the wild and are cultivated by humans. Breeding work on wild rosehip species began so long ago that several dozen varieties of roses adorned gardens as early as the 5th century BC. The scientist and botanist of ancient Greece Theophrastus not only described wild and varietal roses, but also gave reasonable recommendations for their cultivation.
In modern history, starting from the 18th century, several dozen varieties and hybrids of this plant appear annually. Some of them have remained popular for tens or even hundreds of years. Rose rosearium utersen is no exception, it has been popular for almost half a century.
- Rosarium utersen variety description
- How to plant a rosearium utersen
- Features of rose care rosearium utersen
Rosarium utersen variety description
In 1977, the leading German breeder V. Kordes introduced the climbing rose, the Utersen rosarium. The variety is the result of the work of several generations of the Cordes family. A tall, up to 3 m climbing rose, the Utersen rosarium belongs to the group of climbers. The large flowers divided into four segments look like old double roses. Petals are pink, slightly wavy. There are more than 100 of them in one flower. Flowers are single or collected in a brush of 5-6 pieces.
As they open, the petals take on a silvery hue. Adult flowers open strongly, become like flat rosettes up to 10 - 12 cm in diameter. The petals turn pale, fade in the sun. However, they do not spoil the bush, but emphasize the charm of young opening buds. The aroma is delicate, sweetish apple notes are well felt in it.
The foliage is abundant, shiny, rich green. Shoots are straight, strong. The bushes grow up to one and a half meters wide. The Utersen Rosarium blooms for the first time in early summer. Flowering peaks in mid-July. Abundant flowering. The flowers are resistant to adverse weather conditions, not damaged by rain or wind. After the first flowering, the bush blooms a second time, although the flowering is no longer so abundant, but long. New buds appear before the first days of September.
The advantages of the variety include:
- high decorativeness
- excellent winter hardiness
- endurance with errors in care
- resistance to major rose diseases
- pruning tolerance
The disadvantages include:
- numerous sharp thorns
- difficulty in bending down shoots for shelter for the winter
In gardens, it is used to decorate arches, arbors. It is quite simple to plant a rose of the Utersen rosarium on your own.
How to plant a rosearium utersen
Site selection and preparation
A well-lit sunny area, protected from the north wind and drafts, with a fertile, moderately light soil, is suitable for this rose. The height of the humus layer should not be less than 30 cm. The occurrence of groundwater does not exceed 150 cm. The best place is the upper part of a small southern or southwestern slope or a warm area protected by a building. Important! For roses, you should not choose low, dark, overly humid places. They will not grow under the crown of large trees either.
Before digging a planting hole for a rose, the site is cleared of weeds, plant debris and dug onto a shovel bayonet. If possible, this should be done either in the fall or 2-3 weeks before planting.
For digging, you can add wood ash at the rate of 0.5 kg per sq. m. The size of the planting pit depends on the roots of the rose, but most often holes are dug with a depth of 0.7 - 0.8 meters and a diameter of 0.5 - 0.6 m. A drainage layer is poured at the bottom, small pebbles are suitable. Part of the soil is mixed with rotted manure and poured into the pit. There should be at least 30 cm to the top of the pit.
Rose planting rosearium utersen
The best planting time is spring, before bud break, but when the soil warms up to + 10 degrees. In the southern regions, you can plant a rose in the fall. The best planting material is a grafted seedling purchased from a reputable specialty store.
Before planting, the root system is examined. All damaged roots are cut to a healthy location. The seedling is dipped into a clay mash. Install it in a pit so that the grafting site is 10 cm below ground level. All roots are straightened, covered with earth, carefully compacting each layer. After planting, the rose is watered abundantly, given time to soak in water and high, by 15 - 20 cm, spud. All shoots are shortened by a third.
Features of rose care rosearium utersen
Watering and feeding
From the beginning of the growing season, the plant needs a fairly large amount of water. In the absence of precipitation, the bushes are watered with 1-2 buckets of water every 5-6 days. After watering, the land is mulched. And two or three days after watering it is well loosened. During the growing season, the rose needs to be fed 5-6 times. The first feeding is carried out at the beginning of May. For her, take urea or ammonium nitrate.
After 15 days, a complex mineral mixture is introduced, for example, kemiru - wagon. The next top dressing should be done with phosphorus fertilizers when buds appear on the rose. In the middle of summer, you can feed the bush with mullein solution. In early August, the rose is fed again with complex mineral fertilizers. In September, it is enough to fertilize the bush with a phosphorus-potassium mixture.
Preparing for winter
In order for the rose to endure the winter, you can pluck out all the unopened buds at the beginning of September. By the beginning of October, unripe young, weak, lateral and damaged shoots are cut out from the rose. The main shoots are shortened slightly, by 10 - 20 cm, and they are tied together.
The shoots of the Utersen rosarium are strong enough, they need to be bent to the ground gradually. It is advisable to do this before the onset of frost. Bend this rose in several steps. After each time over the bush, you can install arcs from the greenhouse, which will prevent the shoots from straightening. If you cannot bend to the ground, then you can lay a low stack of boards near the bush and lay the rose on them.
As soon as the temperature drops to -7, the bush is covered with any covering material and spruce branches. In all other respects, the rose of the Utersen rosarium is not picky and can be recommended even to novice growers.
Video about the beautiful rose Rosarium utersen: