Platanus is a genus that includes 6-8 species of majestic deciduous trees originating in Europe, Asia and North America. P. acerifolia is a widespread hybrid in Europe, born from the cross between P. orientalis, a native of southern Europe and Asia, and P. occidentalis, a native of North America. It has an erect stem and pyramidal crown in the young specimens, which becomes roundish over the years, reaching a height close to 30 m and a width equal to the height; the branches are numerous and often have a disorderly course; the bark is smooth and thin, gray-brown in color, and quickly peels off leaving green patches. The leaves are very wide, 15-20 cm, simple, alternate, palmate, and have 3-5 lobes, reminiscent of the leaves of the curly maple; in April-May it produces roundish inflorescences, the yellowish male ones, the reddish female ones. In winter it produces numerous round fruits, which when they mature release many seeds. This tree is widely used as a single specimen or in street trees.
With regard to exposure, common plantain plants prefer sunny positions, even if they develop without problems in any condition; they grow even in complete shade, even if due to their size this eventuality occurs very rarely. It does not fear the cold.
They are plants that grow a lot and must therefore be planted in a large place that allows them the best development.
Usually the platanus plants are satisfied with the rains, even if it is good to water the very young specimens in the hottest and dry months of the year, so that they can develop properly. It is however good to check that the soil allows proper drainage, given that the formation of water stagnation could prove harmful to the health of the common plane tree.
The common plane tree has proven to be able to grow without any problem in any soil, still preferring well-drained and deep substrates; in fact, given the great height it can reach, it needs to be able to develop a good root system that supports it and the well-drained soil avoids the formation of water stagnations, which are harmful to the health of the plant.
To multiply the platanus trees, in autumn, you can practice cuttings; in spring it is possible to propagate the common plane tree by seed.
It is also possible to take large numbers of basal shoots; for the first few years the small plants are often subject to numerous diseases, therefore it is good to sprinkle them with broad-spectrum fungicides to avoid their onset.
Platano common - Platanus: Pests and diseases
The adult specimens of this genus of trees are hardly affected by pests or diseases, although in recent years a serious disease called colorful sycamore cancer is spreading, which often leads to the death of affected plants. The young seedlings can be affected by rust and bad white. It is good to act promptly when problems are noticed, using the many specific products available on the market.