Gloxinia - became popular almost immediately after it came from America to Europe. To understand what care for gloxinia at home is necessary, you need to learn about its features and preferences for living conditions.
- Gloxinia, description and features
- Planting gloxinia and conditions for its cultivation
- Planting material and planting a flower
- Home care for gloxinia
Gloxinia, description and features
In the tropical regions of America, there are about 25 plant species from the Gloxinia genus, the Gesneriaceae family. Almost all are perennial herbaceous or subshrub plants.
The underground part of gloxinia is represented by tubers and scaly rhizomes. The leaves are large, petiolate, pubescent or smooth. The stems are straight. The flowers are bell-shaped or cupped. The color is very varied, there are variegated and rimmed flowers. The flowers are delicate and velvety. In recent years, many terry varieties have appeared.
A feature of most gloxinias that are grown indoors is that after a lush flowering, the flower withers and disappears altogether. However, the complete withering away of the ground parts does not mean the death of the flower. So the flower goes into the resting stage. Under natural conditions, gloxinia grows in the lower layer of the forest.
There is almost always a lot of shade, warmth and moisture. But periods of high humidity are followed by dry periods. To survive at this time, gloxinia throws off its leaves. The nutrients accumulated in the tuber help the flower to transfer the unfavorable period. As soon as a new wet period begins, the flower starts growing again.
The best and most popular varieties are:
- Bohemia - bright red double flowers with a pink border on medium-sized peduncles
- Yesenia - double, dark cherry flowers, sometimes beet-colored and even with a shade of a saturated solution of potassium permanganate, velvet petals, one of the most luxurious varieties
- Hollywood - a variety with simple dark purple flowers, with a wavy edge
- Queen of May - the flowers of the variety are simple, white with a wide light pink border
All the features of the flower must be taken into account when growing and indoors.
Planting gloxinia and conditions for its cultivation
Lighting and ground
Taking into account that in the wild the plant exists under the protection of the leaves of taller trees and shrubs, then in indoor conditions the flower should be placed in places with diffused light. Best suited for this are windows with an orientation to the east or west. In the direct sun of the southern side, the plant will form shortened peduncles, and on the dark northern window, its flowering will be too scarce.
Loose mixtures are suitable for planting and growing gloxinia. To do this, it is enough to mix two parts of leafy earth with one part of sand. The acidity of the soil should be close to neutral. From ready-made mixtures, soil is suitable for growing indoor violets.
Temperature and watering
The plant does well at a stable temperature without sudden fluctuations. In the daytime it is + 20 + 22, and at night + 18. During the rest period, you need to rearrange the pots with gloxinia in a room where the temperature is + 14 degrees.
Taking into account the life cycle of the plant, from the beginning of spring it is necessary not only to regularly water the flower, but also to carefully spray it. After spraying, water droplets are shaken off the leaves. Watering is significantly reduced with the onset of autumn. The plant spends winter in a fairly dry room.
Planting material and planting a flower
Gloxinia at home is most often propagated by:
- leafy cuttings
- dividing the tuber
Video about proper care for gloxinia:
Young leaves plucked from the plant during the budding period are suitable for the role of leaf cuttings. The leaf must have a stalk of at least 2 cm.It can be rooted in two ways:
- put in water until the roots appear, after their formation, transplant into the ground
- mix peat with sand in a ratio of 1 to 4, moisten the mixture, deepen the stalk to the middle of the leaf plate, cover with a jar for about 20 days, when the roots appear, the jar can be removed
Seeds are sown at the beginning of winter on the surface of moist soil, covered with transparent material and kept in a sunny place until shoots appear in two weeks. In the two true leaf stage, the seedlings are transplanted into separate pots. When there are five or six leaves, the flower can be planted in a pot.
Important! In pots where gloxinia will grow, it is imperative to arrange a drainage layer, this will protect against moisture stagnation and rotting of tubers.
Home care for gloxinia
Gloxinia care, although not difficult, has its own specific features and characteristics. It is important to properly care for the plant both during the dormant period and during the growing season. With the beginning of spring, the pot is placed in a well-lit place and watered regularly. Watering in the pallet and top watering is possible.
It is important to let the top layer dry out and not get on the leaves and flowers during watering. In August, watering is made more rare, and at the end of September they stop altogether. As soon as the leaves begin to dry out, they need to be completely cut off, and the pot moved to a dark and cool place.
If the plant spends the winter in a damp room, then it is enough to water it moderately once every three weeks. If the room is dry, then you need to water gloxinia during the rest period once every 15 days.
The plant can be provoked to bloom again. To do this, after the first wave of flowers, you need to cut off all the peduncles and almost all the leaves. It is enough to leave no more than 2-3 of the strongest and healthiest lower leaves on the plant. Stepchildren will begin to appear in the axils of these leaves. Leave a couple of the strongest of them, remove the rest.
At this time, the plant needs feeding that stimulates growth. And although the second bloom is much more modest, it still pleases the eye of the grower. Sometimes gloxinia is affected by pathogenic fungi. Fundazol is used for its treatment. In general, this flower is quite tolerant to both diseases and growing conditions.