Despite the fact that representatives of the Orchid family are found in the wild everywhere, orchids from a tropical climate are most often found in indoor floriculture. It is not uncommon when a pot with an already blooming orchid gets into the house as a gift.
If there is no skill in caring for these flowers, then most likely inept actions can lead to the death of the flower. We will try to find out how to revive an orchid at home.
- Unpretentious types of orchids for beginners
- How to save an orchid - epiphyte
- Treating terrestrial orchids
Unpretentious types of orchids for beginners
When an orchid enters the house by accident, it is advisable to identify its species. This will help create optimal conditions for her to grow and bloom. It is preferable that the conditions are close to natural, in this case the orchid will live for quite a long time.
Indeed, in greenhouse farms, specimens are not uncommon, the age of which is approaching a century.
Although the word unpretentious is not quite suitable for orchids, nevertheless, if there is a choice, it is best to acquire unpretentious species and their hybrids. All orchids suitable for indoor cultivation can be roughly divided:
- on epiphytes that practically do not need soil
- for terrestrial orchids
For a beginner who is ready to learn how to care for orchids, we can recommend:
- Phalaenopsis is an epiphyte, the flower has many species and hybrids, you can choose according to your taste, this species can exist safely at room temperatures, requires additional lighting, Phalaenopsis is suitable for indoor cultivation, pleasant, pink, hybrid
- papheopedilum - most species are terrestrial, some are semi-epiphytes, resistant to low temperatures, it is recommended to choose species with one peduncle or the so-called revolving shoes
- cymbidium - predominantly terrestrial species, almost does not require special conditions, however, it has a low resistance to orchid diseases, for cultivation it is best to choose a noticeable cymbidium, a sword-leaved cymbidium
All other indoor orchids, according to growing conditions, can be attributed to one of the listed species.
How to save an orchid - epiphyte
Of all the reasons leading to the death of the phalaenopsis orchid and similar species, two main ones can be distinguished:
- drying out of roots as a result of insufficient watering
- decay of roots as a result of waterlogging
Resuscitation of an orchid with dried roots
Drying of the roots of the orchid as a result of rare watering, possibly during periods of a long absence of the owners of the house. In addition, the rate of moisture loss by the roots is affected by low air humidity and high indoor temperatures. If the period between waterings is more than a month, and the room is dry and hot, then the roots can lose a lot of water.
If, at the same time, the leaves hang, and some of them have dried up, then urgent measures must be taken to restore the moisture content of the root system. A simple abundant watering of the substrate and roots in this case will not correct the situation. A dried-up root system is unable to absorb water. To revive an orchid with dried roots, you need:
- take it out of the pot
- dried leaves, cut the peduncle
- dip the plant into the water
- revise the roots
- dead roots, with pressure on which a fossa remains, cut off
- dilute phytosporin, 6-7 drops are enough for a glass of water
- keep the remaining roots in it for 4-5 hours
- take out the orchid and sprinkle the wound sections with charcoal
- put the roots of the orchid in soft water for two hours daily
- the remaining time to keep the flower above the water
- spray the roots with a solution of succinic acid, three tablets per liter of water
After about 7-8 weeks, new roots should grow up to 5 cm in length. The flower can be planted in the substrate and further looked after according to the scheme. However, most often the orchid dies from root decay when waterlogged.
What to do if an orchid has rotted roots from waterlogging?
An orchid, in which the root system not only rotted, but also separated from the leaves, can be reanimated in the following way:
- cut off the leaves with a neck and dry them for several hours in the air
- dilute any stimulant for root formation and lower the lower part of the plant into it for half an hour
- dilute a tablet of activated carbon in two glasses of boiled water
- dip the bottom of the orchid in water with charcoal
- place everything in diffused light in a warm place
- periodically wipe the leaves with a sweet solution
After two months, the regrown roots should reach 5-6 cm. The reanimated orchid can be moved into a pot with a substrate. Perhaps at first it will be moss, not bark.
Treating terrestrial orchids
In indoor floriculture, approximately 30% of all orchids are terrestrial orchids that are grown in soil. Most often, these plants suffer:
- from various root rot
- violations of growing conditions
- from insect pests
The most serious situation can be in the case of root rot. To save such a terrestrial orchid you need to:
- take out of the pot
- dip the roots in water for an hour or two
- examine the roots and cut off all decayed parts to healthy places
- slices can be sprinkled with antibiotic
- then dry the roots in the air for about a day
- plant the orchid in a new pot and in a new soil
Despite the fact that orchids are called terrestrial, the soil in the soil for growing such orchids should be no more than 1/3 part. Also, loosening and organic components should be added to it. It is most convenient to use ready-made soil.
If the orchid began to hurt as a result of improper keeping conditions, then the situation can be corrected by placing the pot in another place and providing the flower with the desired temperature, humidity, and watering. Insects such as spider mites, aphids or scale insects can cause significant damage to the plant if left to chance.
Video on how to reanimate an orchid: