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Many gardeners and gardeners strive to create a hedge. This plant is used not only in landscape design, but also in folk medicine.
- Common privet: description of the plant
- Growing features
- Plant care
Common privet: description of the plant
Common privet is an ornamental, evergreen and deciduous shrub. The plant can reach a height of 3 meters. Leaves can be yellow-green or dark green in color. They are oval in shape. They reach 6 cm in length and 1.5 cm in width.
The flowers are cream-colored privet and are collected in panicles. The plant blooms in early summer for 20-25 days.
Until the end of December, fruits that are poisonous are present on the bush. It is a hardy plant and can withstand up to 30 degrees of frost. Privet is a drought-resistant plant and takes root well in various soils. You can propagate in several ways: cuttings, seeds, offspring.
For normal growth and development of privet, you need to create the necessary conditions. The plant needs good lighting, but does not like scorching sunlight. In the summer, it is recommended to take the plant outside and put the container in the shade. In winter, common privet is placed in a cool place, where the temperature should be no more than 12-14 degrees. The plant does not like drafts and temperature changes.
It is advisable to place the privet pot in a well-ventilated place. Privet will grow poorly on acidic and sandy soil. The soil should be moist with a slightly alkaline reaction. You can buy soil mixture at the store or make your own. To do this, you need to take 3 parts of turf, 2 parts of humus and 1 part of sand. It is recommended to add a little lime to the soil.
Mix all ingredients thoroughly. The plant is best planted in an open area, but some species can also be grown at home. The area for planting privet should be dug to the depth of the bayonet. The approximate size of the pit is 65x65cm. The depth should be greater than the root system of the plant. Pour water into the dug hole and wait until it is absorbed. Next, pour a layer of rubble about 10-12 cm on the bottom and make a small mound.
Fertilizer can be added to the soil. Then the roots of the seedling are straightened and carefully placed in the hole. At the final stage, fill the pit with soil mixture. The distance between the bushes should be about 30-40 cm. The transplant can be performed during the growing season at the time of the swelling of the buds.
Caring for privet includes the implementation of certain activities, namely: pruning, watering, spraying, feeding. Shoot pruning is carried out in the last days of February. Shortening is also carried out during the growing season. With the onset of spring, it is necessary to cut off the damaged branches, and cover large wounds with garden pitch. The privet leaves do not need to be trimmed, as they are too short.
It is important to remember to remove any yellowed leaves and brush the trunk. If moss is present on the surface of the soil, then it must be scraped off and removed. Water the privet abundantly. First you need to wait until the soil absorbs the liquid, and then watered again. In summer and winter, watering is increased, and in the autumn-spring period, it is reduced.
In hot summer weather, it is recommended to spray the plant. Some species need feeding only once every 2-3 years. You can use potash and phosphorus-nitrogen fertilizers. If necessary, mulch the soil around the plant with peat about 5-8 cm thick.
Privet is one of the most popular plants used in landscape design. This shrub grows quite quickly, so bonsai can be formed in a short time. The privet hedge will look original. Leaves, bark, privet fruits are widely used in folk medicine.
This plant has cardiotonic, antibacterial and hypotensive effects. The green mass of privet is used for the preparation of decoctions, tinctures, extracts. A decoction based on common privet is used to treat stomatitis, pharyngitis and laryngitis. The fruits of the plant are a good laxative.
Raw materials are also used for diseases of the lower respiratory tract, constipation, uterine bleeding, fever. It is important to remember that privet is a poisonous plant, therefore, when using individual parts of the plant, you should consult your doctor.
Common privet on video: