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Among flower growers, the dendrobium orchid is very popular due to its various colors. At home, with good care, you can easily grow this flowering plant.
- Dendrobium orchid: description
- Growing conditions
- Planting an orchid
- Plant care
Dendrobium orchid: description
Dendrobium orchids are perennial plants of the Orchid family. In nature, this plant grows in tropical forests. It refers to epiphytes and lithophytes, i.e. grows on trees and rocks. There are many hybrid forms of dendrobium orchids that are successfully grown at home: Nobile, Parisha, Kinga, Lindley, etc. The shoots of the plant are erect, and the leaves are elliptical.
The length of the pseudobulb in 2-4 years reaches about 1.5 meters. Then it becomes naked and dies off, while giving daughter sockets. In the axils of the foliage, rudiments of inflorescences are formed, which can be used for reproduction of dendrobium.
Flowers in the form of racemose inflorescences, on which 5 to 20 corollas open. Their diameter is about 4-8 cm. They can be painted in different colors, depending on the variety. The hue can be white, pale lemon, lilac, purple, golden orange, etc. There are dendrobiums with two and three-color petals.
Dendrobium is a light-loving plant, so it should be placed on the southwest or southeast side. In the summer, the plant is recommended to be placed on a balcony or loggia. In autumn and winter, the orchid needs additional lighting, so you will have to use phytolamps.
If the sun's rays fall on the leaves, it can lead to burns. As a result, the leaves will turn light green. With a lack of sunlight, they will begin to turn yellow. The orchid feels good at a temperature of 19-25 degrees. If the temperature is above 29 degrees, then this disrupts the normal development of the plant.
In the autumn-winter period, the air temperature should be about 14-20 degrees. At night, the temperature should not drop below 10 degrees. The optimum humidity in the room is 60%. In the summer, it is recommended to spray the orchid more often, but the drops should not fall on the buds.
Planting an orchid
If, when planting, the orchid has a healthy appearance and there are no signs of disease, then the transplant should be carried out after flowering into a permanent pot. There should be several drainage holes in the container. Choose a pot that is stable to avoid tipping over.
The necessary primer can be purchased at specialty stores. The substrate for orchids is significantly different from the soil intended for conventional indoor plants. The soil for dendrobium orchids consists of pine bark, moss, peat chips, birch charcoal, etc.
All these components are rather difficult to prepare on your own, so it is better to purchase them in a specialized store. It is recommended to add activated carbon powder to the soil just before planting. This will avoid decay. In addition, the purchased mixture must be disinfected and steamed.
After the soil has been prepared, you can begin to transplant the orchid. Carefully remove the plant from the pot, clean the roots and examine carefully. If there are rotten or dried out areas, they should be carefully cut off and sprinkled with colloidal sulfur, crushed chalk. Leave the "wounds" to dry for 2-3 hours.
Video about the correct cultivation of dendrobium orchids:
Next, place the dendrobium in a pot and sprinkle with a substrate. Then water the plant moderately and put it in partial shade for a week. During this period, do not water, but only spray the orchid.
The orchid is very demanding to care for, so it needs to create not only optimal conditions, but also proper care. When the plant grows green mass and root system, it needs to be watered abundantly. In this case, it is necessary each time to make sure that the earthen lump dries out completely, and only then water the plant.
Watering is carried out in the following way: a pot with an orchid is immersed in water for 4-5 minutes. In winter, watering is reduced as the plant is dormant. Dendrobium is fed as soon as flower buds begin to form.
Finish the application of dressings until the development of new shoots. For this purpose, use special dressing intended for orchids. Fertilizers can be applied from spring to late autumn. In this case, top dressing must be diluted with water.
To maintain optimal humidity, you can not only spray the plant, but also simply place a container of water next to the pot. If you follow these simple recommendations for caring for dendrobium, the plant will delight with its delightful flowers.