The orchid is a tropical exotic plant that is characterized by a high level of popularity in our country. Depending on the species, the orchid comes in a variety of sizes. It is characterized by a fairly beautiful flowering and therefore is grown not only in private houses and apartments, but also in public buildings.
- Optimal conditions
- Landing features
- Leaving after disembarkation
To ensure a long and lush flowering of an orchid, it needs to provide optimal growing conditions, which include:
If the flower is grown in the traditional way, then it does not need additional lighting. The orchid has enough light that comes in through the window. When growing a plant on a southern windowsill, it must be protected from the negative effects of direct sunlight.
When placing a plant on the north side in winter, it needs to provide additional lighting. Temperature requirements directly depend on the type of orchid. On average, the cultivation of a plant is carried out at a temperature of 16-26 degrees.
The orchid loves moisture very much, which requires strict adherence to watering rules. But, in this case, you should not overdo it, since excessive watering can lead to the death of the plant. The frequency of watering the culture should be 1-3 times. If there is a need for watering, the pseudobulb shrinks at the flower.
If the plant is provided with excessive watering, then this leads to rotting of the roots and yellowing of the leaves at the edges. Watering the plant is carried out with pre-settled water, which has room temperature. It must be poured into a container in which a pot with a plant is installed. After the substrate becomes wet, the plant pot must be removed.
The orchid is demanding on the substrate. That is why it is necessary to strictly observe the technology of its manufacture. In order to provide excellent air permeability and eliminate the possibility of decay of the root system of the flower, it is necessary to prepare a substrate based on charcoal and pine bark.
In some cases, chopped sphagnum is added to the substrate. In order to ensure the full growth of the orchid, it is necessary to add leafy soil to the substrate. If you provide optimal conditions for growing an orchid, this will lead to a long and abundant flowering.
Planting an orchid at home can be done in several ways. In this case, it is necessary to select high-quality planting material. The use of fungicides is recommended for sterilizing the sections prior to planting. Most often, the planting of an orchid is carried out in a pot, into which drainage from foam, expanded clay or broken brick is filled in by a third.
The stalk must be placed directly on the drain, to which the roots are attached with a soft wire or thread. Next, the plant is covered with pre-prepared soil. In this case, it is necessary to ensure that the horizontal part of the stem remains on the surface. If a basket is used for cultivation, then drainage is not needed in this case. This is due to the possibility of an unimpeded supply of oxygen to the roots.
At the bottom of the basket, a wire mesh is fixed, which can be replaced with moss or bark. The roots of the cutting are located on the grid, which are covered with a substrate. To increase the moisture content of the soil, the cracks in the basket are closed with moss. Orchids are often grown in special blocks.
They have a special hook with which they are attached to the wall. If in the future the orchid is provided with normal humidity conditions, then it is necessary to cover the bottom of the block with moss. The plant is applied to the block and covered with moss on top. The orchid is fastened with a fishing line or nylon thread. Orchid planting can be done in several ways. The choice of one of them directly depends on the wishes of the grower.
Video about competent and complete orchid care:
Leaving after disembarkation
After the orchid is planted, it must be provided with appropriate care. If optimal conditions are provided for the flower, then it must be watered once every two weeks. This procedure is carried out only if the substrate dries up. The orchid needs abundant watering. The root system of the plant will tell you about the features of moisture.
With a green color of the roots, one can judge the sufficiency of watering. If the color of the roots turns brown, then it is necessary to reduce the frequency of watering. To water the orchid, it is necessary to use settled tap water, the temperature of which is from 22 to 24 degrees. In order to avoid contamination of the foliage of the crop with rot, it is not recommended that water gets on it. That is why watering the plant should be carried out as carefully as possible.
In order to stimulate the flowering of the plant, it must be placed in a cool place and watering must be reduced. To feed the orchid, you need to use special liquid fertilizers, which can be purchased at a specialized store. It is recommended to carry out the procedure once a month. If a desire arises, it is possible to prepare top dressing with your own hands.
During the growing season, it is recommended to apply nitrogenous fertilizers. After a certain time, the growth of the root system of the flower is observed, which requires a transplant. For this purpose, it is necessary to use a container that is slightly larger in diameter than the previous one. A drainage is laid at its bottom, to which a flower is attached. After that, it must be covered with soil.
The orchid is a unique flower that can be used to decorate any room. Caring for an orchid is simple enough that any grower can do it. In this case, the plant needs to provide optimal growing conditions, as well as watering and feeding, which will lead to its abundant flowering.