The genus Prunus has dozens of species of trees and shrubs, deciduous or evergreen, widespread throughout the globe, belonging to the Rosaceae family; most of the prunus originate from the northern hemisphere, especially from Asia. Many species are cultivated for sweet and juicy fruits, such as Cherries (P. avium), Peaches (P. persica), Apricots (P. armeniaca), Prugne (P. domestica) and Almonds (P. amygdalus); however, there are numerous plum trees that are highly appreciated for their spectacular flowering, which covers them completely with small flowers, white or pink. There are also numerous cultivars, selected for the particular color of the flowers or for prolonged or incredibly abundant flowering.
THE prunus they are generally easy to cultivate; they need to be planted in a bright place, where they can enjoy direct sunlight for at least 5-6 hours a day. They develop without problems in any soil, preferring light, medium-textured, very well drained soils. In autumn or at the end of winter it is good to bury a good quantity of mature organic fertilizer at the foot of the tree, to ensure the correct presence of mineral salts in the soil; if desired we can also use a slow release granular fertilizer.
Generally these plants can easily cope with drought, although it will be necessary to water in case of very long rains during the warm months of the year.
Generally the specimens of flowering plum they are shrubs or small trees, which do not require drastic pruning: after flowering the plant is cleaned from damaged or weak branches, lightening the foliage, but without exceeding. Pay attention to aphids, which can sometimes ruin the blooms.
Also called flowering almond, it is a shrub or small tree at the most 200-250cm high; it has an erect habit and forms a fairly dense crown, which in March-April is completely covered with a cloud of white or pinkish flowers; the foliage is deep green, oval or lanceolate.
Variety native to China and Japan, there are numerous hybrids and cultivars, such as P. g. Plena, with double flowers.
It is a almond blossom native of Europe; it has shrub development, up to 200-250 cm in height and in width; produces white, pink or red flowers, followed by small berries in summer.
Shrub of small size, called flowering apricot, native to Asia; it is one of the first shrubs to bloom at the end of winter; produces erect, poorly branched stems. The flowers bloom on the completely bare shrub, are of all the shades of the dosa, up to the bright red, according to the variety.
There are many varieties of epsco da fiore, with very light pink to deep lilac, simple or double flowers; such as P. persica Albo plena, with candid white flowers, or P. p. Klara Mayer, with double flowers of deep pink color, p P. persica Peppermint, with white, double, variegated fuchsia pink flowers.
Also called myrobalan, it is Eastern European craftsmanship; it is a shrub or small tree, up to 5-6 meters high, of rounded shape; in March-April it produces a spectacular flowering consisting of small white or pink flowers. This plum has a deep red foliage, which makes it very decorative throughout the growing season. There are numerous hybrids of myrobalan, very cultivated in our gardens: for example P. cerasifera Pissardii, or P. cerasifera Pissardii nigra, with almost black leaves.
It is a flowering cherry tree, originally from Japan; develops a compact shrub, or a small tree, with a rounded or cupped shape, maximum 3-4 meters high. In April, May amazes us with a splendid flowering in shades of white or pink, the flowers are double or very double and bloom very thick along the branches. On the market you can find dozens of cultivars and hybrids of P. serrulata, such as P. s. Mount Fuji, which develops a small tree with a particularly horizontal growth, with beautiful white flowers and a delicate fragrance.
Flowering cherry of Asian origin, it is a small tree with densely branched foliage, it produces flowers in March-April, gathered in small bunches; there are varieties with very large flowers and very intense color. It has a fairly rapid growth and reaches 5-6 meters in height.
Deciduous tree, native to Asia, grows up to 6-7 meters high; the flowers bloom in early spring, producing a white-colored mass, followed in the summer by small dark fruits. There are numerous hybrids, with pink colored flowers.
One of the most cultivated plum trees in Italy, it produces white flowers, slightly suffused with pink. The pendulum variety has a very decorative appearance even when it is not in bloom. The golden color of the leaves that are about to fall makes this particular plum also in autumn. Famous P. S. autumanlis, which generally produces a second flowering in November-December.
Flowering plum - Prunus: Prunus triloba
Flower almond, native to China; the flowers are white-pinkish, simple; the hybrids of this species generally have double or stradoppi flowers, with the petals suffused with dark pink.
This list ends here, although there would be dozens of other species to list, among the many we have chosen the most widespread and easily found, although every year the nurserymen amaze us with new varieties with spectacular flowering.