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Perennial flowering carnations are now, more than ever, popular with amateur flower growers and professional landscape designers. This is due to the unpretentiousness and elegance of the flower.
Unfortunately, there are many thermophilic species among carnations. Ural carnation is one of the winter-hardy and very unpretentious species.
- Ural carnation, description
- How to plant a Ural carnation
- Some features of carnation carnation Ural
Ural carnation, description
Ural carnation is widespread in the southern and middle Urals, Siberia, and northern Kazakhstan. The species is endemic, belongs to the genus Carnation from the Clove family. The plant was first discovered by the Russian scientist S.I.Korzhinsky, who in the last decade of the 19th studied the nature of the Orenburg region, Siberia, Altai and collected material for scientific work on the flora of Russia.
Currently, the plant has been assigned the status of a rare species; it is protected by law on the territory of the Chelyabinsk region and on Mount Cheka, which is recognized as a natural monument. The life form of the Ural carnation is a perennial low-growing semi-shrub plant. Numerous stems with good branching.
Their height is up to 20 - 25 cm. This culture is characterized by the simultaneous presence of both vegetative and flowering shoots. The leaves are not large, solid, pointed, up to 25 mm in length and up to 15 mm in width. Located on the shoots opposite.
The flowers are simple, the number of petals is 5, located one by one at the tops of the shoots, 15 mm in diameter. The edges of the petals are finely serrated. The color is light pink. The underside of the petals is green-yellow.
Blooms from about June 10, blooms throughout July, until the first decade of August. In September, the fruits ripen - boxes. The plant thrives on poor loamy soils, on rocky slopes and rocks. Ural carnation begins to bloom from the second year of life, is prone to self-seeding.
Since in the wild the plant is very often found in mountainous areas of the steppe, it is widely used in culture to decorate rock gardens, alpine hills, rocky gardens. Looks good on the edges of flower beds and flower beds. You can create mixed compositions with other types of carnations. It is good to sow it along the paths or fill in decorative "windows" among slabs or other covering. It is not difficult to plant and grow Ural carnations on your own.
How to plant a Ural carnation
A place well lit by the sun is suitable for growing carnations. It is better if the selected area has loamy, fertile, well-drained and non-acidic soil.
You can propagate a plant at home:
- sowing seeds in open ground
- sowing seeds for seedlings
- vegetative parts of the plant
Growing from seed through seedlings
Two to three months before sowing, place clove seeds in a cool place with a temperature not higher than + 2 + 4 degrees. In March, fill suitable bowls or boxes with a height of 7-8 cm with a mixture of equal parts of peat, garden soil and sand. A day before sowing the seeds, shed the soil with a pink solution of potassium permanganate.
Spread the seeds over the surface, sprinkle them with a thin layer of sand. Cover with glass. If after three weeks the seedlings do not appear, then the situation can save the short-term placement of the seedlings in a cool place, where the temperature is from 0 to + 2 degrees.
When one or three true leaves appear, the seedlings dive into separate pots. They are planted in a permanent place at the end of May. Even in the first year of planting, carnations grown through seedlings can bloom by August.
Sowing in open ground
You can sow in late autumn, then the plant will bloom next spring. With spring sowing in mid-May, the Ural carnation can bloom at the end of the season or in the second year. Dig up the selected area before sowing. It is advisable to slightly raise the ground. Spread the seeds over the ground. Sprinkle with a layer of soil. When planting before winter, mulch with a layer of peat.
Video about proper planting and carnation care:
Since the Ural carnation has a taproot, reproduction by dividing the bush is not suitable for it. But it is very easy to get cuttings with roots for reproduction. It is necessary to bend a suitable shoot in the spring, pin it and dig it in with earth. In the second half of summer, cuttings with roots can be planted in a permanent place. Caring for an adult plant is not at all difficult.
Some features of carnation carnation Ural
To prolong flowering and preserve the decorative effect of the carnation, all peduncles are cut off immediately after flowering. After removing the peduncles, the earth is loosened. Immediately after this, the plant is fed with any mineral mixture. During the season, cloves can be watered with an organic fertilizer solution. They respond well to the introduction of rotted humus.
In one place without a transplant, the Ural carnation can grow up to 5-6 years. After that, the landing needs to be updated. When growing a carnation, it is important to remember that waterlogging and stagnant water are destructive for this plant. In the spring, in order to avoid damage, you can create a tent of spruce branches over the plantings of carnations.
This will keep the planting going with a sharp drop in temperature after a thaw. If the choice is made in favor of the Ural carnation and other winter-hardy species, then they will decorate the site and repay the grower with a long and bright flowering.