Taxodium distichum, known as the bald cypress or C. from Virginia, is a very long-lived coniferous conifer native to North and Central America; centenarian specimens can reach 35-40 m in height. It has an erect trunk, enlarged at the base; the bark is thick, reddish-brown, often fissured with the age of the plant.
The foliage of the bald cypress It is pyramidal, with the years it tends to become disordered; the leaves are linear, flattened, light green; in autumn, before falling, they become golden, then brown and finally reddish. The male and female flowers grow in long axillary panicles; the pine cones are roundish, woody, ripen at the end of autumn releasing seeds.
Often the trees of this genus grow along streams or in marshy areas, where the roots produce particular conformations that rise from the ground, called pneumatophores.
These large trees develop without problems in full sun or partial shade; the adult specimens of Taxodium distichum do not fear the cold, while the young cypress plants of Virginia must be repaired for at least two cold seasons after planting.
In Italy it is cultivated for ornamental purposes in areas ranging from 0 to 300 meters above sea level; in its natural habitat it grows in humid or submerged areas for part of the year. It can withstand temperatures up to -10 ° C, temperature beyond which its branches are damaged.
It is not resistant to strong winds.
Taxodium distichum trees develop best if planted in a humid, water-rich place, and can withstand even brief periods when the soil is completely submerged; they fear prolonged drought, so in the warm months, with low rainfall, it is advisable to water them abundantly, at least every 7-10 days, checking that the soil maintains the right degree of humidity and is not completely dry.
The cypresses of virginia prefer rich, moist soils, containing good amounts of organic material; every spring, bury mature organic fertilizer at the foot of the plant. these plants grow faster on soils that are not completely submerged, but once they are grown, they can withstand without any particular suffering a quantity of stagnant water up to 60 cm in height.
The multiplication of the bald cypress occurs by semi-woody cutting in the late summer or by seed, in spring.
The youngest specimens must be grown during the first year in a greenhouse, so that they acquire the necessary strength, before being permanently placed.
Bald cypress, C. of Virginia - Taxodium distichum: Pests and diseases
Hardly these large trees get sick, although sometimes they can be given the cochineal. If you notice the presence of parasites it is good to proceed with a specific treatment that will allow you to eradicate the disease at birth. It is possible to proceed also, before the vegetative period, with broad-spectrum insecticide treatments that will allow to have a protection from the possible attack by the parasites.