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Aloe vera: a description of the plant, useful properties and care for it

Aloe vera: a description of the plant, useful properties and care for it


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There are indoor plants that can be found in almost every home. This is due not only to the appearance, but also to the medicinal and beneficial properties of some potted crops. If there is a child or an adult who is often ill in the house, then there must be a flower in it - a pharmacy, which, in fact, is aloe vera, a description of the plant is given below.

Content:

  • Description of aloe vera
  • Necessary care when growing
  • Medicinal properties of the plant

Description of aloe vera

The genus Aloe belongs to the Asphodelic family and includes more than five hundred species of succulent herbaceous perennials and shrub forms. Distribution area - Africa and nearby islands. Due to its unpretentiousness and peculiar appearance, several dozen forms have found their place in indoor and decorative floriculture. Aloe vera or real aloe is one of the most popular representatives of the genus.

Currently, in the wild, the flower is found only in the Canary Islands. In other places, including the American continent, it was introduced by man several centuries ago. Nowadays it is widely grown as a cultivated plant. This succulent is exceptionally adapted to survive in the harshest conditions of drought, large fluctuations in day and night temperatures.

Aloe grows quite successfully in poor soils. If it is pulled out of the ground, the flower will live for several months, slowly and sparingly spending its internal reserves. As soon as the unfavorable period sets in, all the stomata on the leaves close and all moisture and nutrients are retained inside.

The roots of aloe vera are poorly developed. The stem is shortened, it is almost invisible under the fleshy leaves that form a rosette. The leaf blades are dense, fleshy, with variegated specks over the entire surface. There are thorns along the edge of the leaves. The width and height of an adult plant is about 0.6 m. Sooner or later, the aloe produces a rather high peduncle from 0.7 to 0.9 m.

Its tubular yellow or orange flowers are up to 3-4 cm long. They are collected in a high arrow-shaped inflorescence. The flowers open gradually, flowering is from the bottom up. It rarely blooms at home. More often, its flowers can be seen when grown outdoors in a favorable warm climate. Scarlet Vera is not difficult to plant and grow on your own.

Necessary care when growing

Planting aloe vera

At home, a leaf cutting (leaf plate) can become a planting material. The leaf is separated from the mother plant and kept for 6 to 10 days in a dark place. During this time, it dries up a little and this increases the chance of its successful rooting.

I bury the lower part in a wet mixture of sand and soil by 3 cm and wait for the appearance of roots. However, roots are formed so slowly that the leaf can simply rot. It is more convenient to propagate this plant independently by children, which are formed at the base of the plant. Aloe baby already looks like a small bush.

It is carefully dug up and transplanted into a small pot. The pot is filled with soil from equal parts of leaf and sod land and 1/2 part of sand. After transplanting, the plant is watered. Until the moment of rooting, the flower is watered once every two to three days. The best time to plant is spring.

Growing and care

During cultivation for aloe, you need to arrange two temperature regimes. During active growth or summer in a room with a flower, it should be at least + 20 + 22 degrees. During dormancy or winter, it is enough to maintain the temperature at + 14 + 16 degrees.

The intensity of watering also depends on the season. In summer, the plant is watered either once a week, or when the soil dries up to 1/3 of the volume of the pot. In winter, the plant is watered once every 15 to 20 days. But even at this time, you should not wait for the soil to dry completely in the pot. Aloe, as a resident of warm places, is responsive to good sunlight.

In order for the flower to have a healthy appearance, in the warm season it can be exposed to the open air in a garden or on a loggia. Exposure to natural sunlight can change the color of the leaves, they "tan" and take on a purple hue. Two to three weeks after returning to the room, the leaves turn green again.

The plant is fed with liquid feed for cacti during the active growing season. The frequency of dressing is once every 15 days. At the end of summer, the aloe is no longer fed at all. Many growers grow aloe vera for its medicinal properties. However, cutting off the leaves from a young, freshly planted plant is possible only after it has taken root and begins to grow new leaves.

Medicinal properties of the plant

All the medicinal properties of aloe vera are provided by its richest chemical composition. Aloe leaves contain:

  • protein compounds
  • folic acid
  • salicylic acid
  • resinous substances
  • essential oils
  • glycosides
  • polysaccharides
  • enzymatic substances

Video about the benefits of aloe vera:

The green parts of aloe also contain vitamins, macro- and microelements:

  • FROM
  • E
  • AND
  • potassium
  • copper
  • zinc
  • cobalt

Aloe vera has been used as a medicinal plant by humans for more than three thousand years. Now this plant is recognized by both folk and scientific medicine. From antiquity to the present day, aloe juice and leaves have been used:

  • as an anti-inflammatory agent for skin diseases
  • to relieve inflammation and pain in hearing diseases
  • as an appetite stimulant
  • as a wound healing agent
  • for the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases
  • as an antitussive agent
  • with general weakness and loss of strength
  • during the rehabilitation period after surgery and injuries
  • with a runny nose and sore throat

Aloe juice is well diluted with water and, due to this property, is widely used in cosmetics, as an alternative to oily-based creams. Important! Like any medicine, aloe vera has a number of contraindications for use. This is primarily the period of pregnancy and lactation. In the first case, the use of aloe preparations can cause bleeding, and in the second, it can cause allergies in the child or provoke diarrhea.

Do not take aloe during the period of exacerbation of hemorrhoids, cholecystitis. In addition, the active substances in aloe juice very often cause severe allergies. Despite the listed contraindications, aloe vera helps most people and is a medical emergency in many situations, which can "just grow in a pot."


Watch the video: How To Repot Tall Aloe Vera Plant - Two Better Ways of Doing It. (May 2022).


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