Black currant leaves have a wide range of therapeutic effects on the body. In order to preserve their beneficial properties, you need to know when to collect currant leaves, how to store and brew correctly.
- Currant plant
- Procurement conditions
- Beneficial features
- Cooking use
- Currant leaves for medicinal purposes
- Tea recipes
- Fortifying herbal preparations
- Contraindications and harm
Black currant is a plant from the gooseberry family. It is a shrub no more than 1.5 m in height with palmate-lobed leaves, which have a specific pleasant smell, and black berries in the form of brushes, sourish in taste.
They began to cultivate this plant since the 12th century, but only in the 17th it began to be considered and used as a medicinal one.
The flowering period begins from mid-spring to early summer, and the berries are picked from July to August. The life of the bush is about 20 years, and for household needs it is used no more than 10.
Wild black currant grows in forests, river floodplains and swamps of Central Europe and Central Asia. It is cultivated in gardens, orchards.
Conditions for harvesting leaves
It is necessary to collect them for use in medicinal and culinary recipes during the flowering period. At this time, they have accumulated the maximum amount of essential vitamins, macro- and microelements. It is important that no chemical treatment of the bushes has been carried out a month before.
Leaves should be chosen healthy, without the presence of fungus.
The picking time is chosen between 10-12 hours so that the morning dew has already dried up, the weather should be clear, with minimal humidity.
Then they should be properly dried and stored:
- a thin layer of the collected raw materials is laid out on a smooth dish (baking sheet, dish);
- leave for 1 day in a dark place, hidden from sunlight;
- leaves, the edges of which have faded, are collected in stacks of 10 pieces and rolled up in a tube;
- then they are placed in an enamel bowl, covered with a damp cloth, and placed in a warm place for 12 hours for fermentation;
- after the time has elapsed, dry it in the oven at a temperature of 100 C;
- they can be stored for 2-3 years in a glass container with a tightly closed lid or cotton bags.
During the flowering period, the leaves accumulate to the maximum ascorbic acid, essential oils, phytoncides, therefore, their use:
- blocks the development of inflammation. They are used in the fight against colds as decoctions;
- inhibits the formation of free radicals. Being an antioxidant, due to the presence of polyphenolic compounds, they prevent metabolic disorders, aging of the body and contribute to the elimination of toxins;
- bactericidal and antiseptic, antifungal (external use);
- strengthens the protective function of the body;
- has a tonic effect;
- helps the elimination of uric acid;
- helps to maintain the density of teeth and bones, strengthen the myocardium and regulate blood circulation (due to the presence of potassium, calcium, phosphorus).
Baths with black currant decoction have a positive effect on the condition of nails, skin, hair.
Black currant leaves can be used as a spice during pickling vegetables, and the content of phytoncides in them will ensure the preservation of the vitamin composition.
You can also preserve the leaves themselves, so that they can be added later in the preparation of salads, fish or meat dishes in order to obtain the best taste and aroma.
They are used as a flavoring agent in compotes, wines, liqueurs, vodka. Fruit vinegar can be made from currant leaves.
They are placed in a glass container, 100 g of sugar are added and poured over with cold water. Cover with gauze and leave for 2 months. At the end, filter.
For brewing tea, take both fresh and dried leaves. For 1 glass of boiling water, it is enough to take 2 tablespoons. raw materials and brew for 15 minutes.
Currant leaves for medicinal purposes
They are widely used as decoctions, teas or for external use in the treatment of the following pathologies:
- inflammatory diseases of an infectious nature (flu, tonsillitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, dysentery) - enhance the effect of antibiotics, lower the temperature;
- hypertension and atherosclerosis - increase vascular permeability;
- cardiovascular disorders - restore the rhythm of the heart, strengthen the heart muscles, prevent the development of a heart attack;
- changes in visual functions;
- kidney disease and urolithiasis - have a diuretic effect;
- diabetes mellitus - stabilize metabolism, reduce blood glucose;
- gastrointestinal diseases - contribute to the excretion of bile;
- anemia - help in the process of blood formation and increase hemoglobin;
- dermatological diseases - reduce inflammation and eliminate fungus.
- oncology - prevent malignant neoplasms of the connective tissue.
For older people, drinking this tea helps stimulate mental activity and prevents the development of Alzheimer's disease.
For example, with scrofula, it is recommended to simultaneously drink currant tea and take baths with the addition of a decoction. In children, with the help of such baths, diathesis, prickly heat, dermatitis are treated, at an older age - radiculitis.
The systematic use of such a medicinal drink and taking baths based on a decoction has a positive effect in therapy and prevention.
To achieve an antipyretic effect, take leaves of currant, raspberry and blackberry at the rate of 20 grams of the first and 15 grams of the rest. In 400 ml of boiling water, hold the resulting raw material for 15 minutes, use it after meals.
With rheumatism, add 3 tablespoons of boiling water to 0.5 liters of boiling water. leaves. Insist 2 hours. Drink 100 ml 4 times a day.
To relieve coughs, tea is consumed as in the previous case. It is prepared with a slightly lower concentration - 2 tbsp of leaves are taken.
As a diuretic, 6 pieces of leaves are added to 1 liter of boiling water. They drink 1 glass twice a day.
In order to improve the problems of the gastrointestinal tract, a decoction of St. John's wort leaves and black currant is used. It is prepared from 1 tbsp. obtained mixed herbal raw materials and 1 cup boiling water. 15 minutes. boiled in a water bath and used after cooling, 1/3 cup three times a day.
During anemia, clover flowers are added to the previous mixture in a ratio of 1 to 2. Then the broth is prepared according to the same principle and drunk 0.5 cups 2-3 times a day.
Tea recipe with black currant leaves and mint. 10 leaves of each plant are placed together with 1 tsp. regular tea, 1 tsp. honey in a thermos with 0.5 liters of boiling water. After 2 hours, it is ready for use.
Fortifying herbal preparations
Leaves of hawthorn, thyme, clover, rose hips, Jerusalem artichoke, nettle, currant and strawberry can be taken as components for preparing a strengthening collection.
Then 1 tbsp. l. collection is poured into 0.5 liters of boiling water, infused for 1/2 hour, filtered. The course includes the use of 400 grams of dry mix.
For the next herbal collection, take 50 grams of raspberry leaves, currants, rose hips, lingonberries. Put the mixture in a container with boiling water (2 cups) and cook for 10 minutes. Do not remove the cover until it has cooled down.
You can also take 3 grams of blackberry leaves, currants, strawberries and 10 grams of thyme, St. John's wort. 1 tbsp pour the resulting collection with boiling water (200 ml) and leave for 10 minutes.
Such restorative preparations are drunk 2-3 times a day, 100-150 ml.
Contraindications and harm
Currant leaf tea is contraindicated in diseases:
- thrombophlebitis, there is a risk of increased blood clotting;
- gastritis, ulcers, acidity.
You also need to take into account the possibility of individual intolerance, both when drinking tea and when used externally.
During the period of carrying and feeding a child, you should not get carried away with such a drink in order to avoid an overdose of the effect and the manifestation of allergic reactions.
Despite the fact that the medicinal properties of this plant are recognized by medicine, tea made from currant leaves can be beneficial or harmful, depending on the amount consumed. Therefore, you should not get carried away with it, no matter how tasty this drink is.
You can learn more about the beneficial properties of leaves, the rules for preparing them, and the peculiarities of making tea by watching the video: