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Ginkgo Biloba has gained worldwide popularity. What is unique and what is the use of Ginkgo Biloba?
- Description and features
- Where it comes from and where it grows
- How to grow in the middle lane: planting and care
- Application in landscape design
- Useful components of the relic
- Beneficial effect on the human body and range of applications
Description and features
Ginkgo Biloba is a deciduous relic, covered with a smooth shiny bark with a gray tint. One of the few that has survived on the planet for millions of years. This primitive gymnosperm plant can live for over 2 thousand years. In addition, it has a number of interesting features and advantages.
In many nations, the plant is considered a symbol of courage, strength and longevity. Seed divination is practiced in Japan.
Has an extraordinary appearance that differs from his fellows. The height is 40-50 m, and the trunk girth is 4.5 m. Ginkgo Biloba is endowed with a pyramidal crown, which becomes spreading over time. There are also dwarf subspecies.
Flowering time is often in May. After pollination and the appearance of ovaries on the shoots, the appearance of nut-like yellow fruits can be observed. Propagated vegetatively or by sowing seeds.
There are female and male specimens. The former produce seed buds, while the latter produce pollen. Pollination occurs without the participation of insects.
Here are the most curious facts about the relic:
- The tree is the only one of several dozen species to survive the ice age.
- Differs in high endurance and resistance to polluted atmosphere, viruses, fungi, parasites, air humidity. It perfectly tolerates unfavorable weather conditions.
- The life of the plant is very long - from 2 to 4 thousand years.
- Located just 1 km from the center of the nuclear explosion in Hiroshima, the tree survived.
- Every year, patients receive about 1 million prescriptions for medicines with Ginkgo Biloba extract.
- The plant is used for food. A healthy drink is made from the roots, and boiled seeds are consumed in Asia.
Ginkgo Biloba is a real storehouse of valuable microelements: phosphorus, potassium, magnesium. It has no analogues, it is a real treasure and heritage of the plant world.
Where it comes from and where it grows
Ginkgo Biloba - where does this unusual plant grow and where does it come from? It used to decorate the parks and estates of the Chinese emperors. Later they began to be planted in the alleys of cities in Europe and America.
The tree interested botanists in the 18th century. Even in the first biological studies, the uniqueness of the plant was proved.
Natural habitat - the provinces of China. Now it is widely cultivated in other countries with warm and temperate climates. It is grown in the east of Asia (South Korea, Japan), Europe and North America. The British have great sympathy for the plant. Americans make handmade jewelry from leaves.
Huge plantations of Ginkgo Biloba are cultivated in France and South Carolina. The plant is actively used in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries.
The relic is also growing in our latitudes. The tree adorns large botanical gardens and agricultural academies.
How to grow a tree in the middle lane: planting and care
It is possible for an ordinary summer resident to settle a relict tree. Thanks to the unpretentiousness of Ginkgo Biloba, cultivation will not be difficult.
When choosing a place for planting, it should be borne in mind that the plant will eventually need an impressive area, although for the first few years the seedling practically does not grow. Other plantings should be at a distance, because the root system of an adult specimen is quite powerful. Give preference to an area with maximum illumination. The plant does not tolerate transplanting well, so choose a place thoroughly.
The relict tree is grown from seeds or green cuttings. The first method is longer. Seeds are planted in early spring in a container with wet sand, covered with foil to maintain humidity and temperature, and placed in a dark room. The plant is transplanted to the garden bed in a month.
Active sun is harmful to young sprouts, therefore, at first, a light shade is organized. A transplant to a permanent place is carried out at 3-4 years of age. The tree is not demanding for the soil, ordinary garden soil will do.
Reproduction in this way is easier and faster. The seedling is placed in a previously prepared hole. Remember to spread the roots out before submerging. Avoid areas with nearby groundwater. In the early years, regular watering is important.
Caring for a tree is simple and does not require much effort and time.
It is enough to carry out the following actions:
- To prevent the roots from drying out, keep an eye on the moisture content of the soil. Especially in the absence of rain.
- Several times over the summer, they carry out weeding and removal of weeds.
- For the winter, a young plant is covered with snow or spruce branches. Delicate branches freeze during frosty winters, but in spring they are covered with fresh leaves.
- In the warm season, fertilizing is carried out with complex fertilizers. You can pour liquid solutions into the soil or cover the leaves.
Ginkgo Biloba is not susceptible to diseases and pests. The older the tree gets, the less maintenance needs it has.
Application of Gingko Biloba in landscape design
The relict tree is popular with landscape designers due to its lush crown and extraordinary leaf shape. The picture is complemented by a barrel with an unusual silvery sheen.
The tree looks great solo and in a group of plants. It brings zest to the overall landscape and creates a unique style. Will fit into any kind of design without any problems. An excellent choice for a garden with a large area, as Ginkgo Biloba requires a lot of space.
Trees are often used to decorate parks and squares of European cities. Plants create shade on hot days and purify the air from harmful impurities and gas pollution.
Now the use of Ginkgo Biloba in landscaping is considered a real exclusive. It is especially appreciated that it preserves foliage longer than other larch trees. In autumn, the crown is replete with yellow and orange shades. Connoisseurs consider the plant a refined and noble representative of the green world.
Useful components of the relic
Ginkgo Biloba is a real treasure of useful ingredients. With the development of research and medicine, the healing properties of the plant were discovered. The composition contains about 40 biologically active substances, some of which are unique and are present only in this tree.
In medicine and pharmacology, only leaves are used for medicinal purposes. The collection is carried out during the growing season. The components act on the body in a complex way, complementing each other.
The plant contains:
- linalool ethers
- ginkgolic and organic acids
- sequiterpenes and diterpenes
- amino acids, vitamins
- minerals and trace elements (selenium, iron, magnesium, titanium, etc.)
- steroids and alkaloids
- flavone glycosides
Extracts were used for medicinal purposes in ancient China. The pharmaceutical industry presents tinctures, drops, dietary supplements, sports nutrition, preparations with Ginkgo Biloba.
Beneficial effect on the human body and range of applications
The plant is a powerful antioxidant and angioprotector (an agent that reduces vascular permeability). Preparations with Ginkgo Biloba are used for atherosclerosis and other cardiovascular diseases. A positive effect on the health of the elderly has been noted. Correction of the psychoemotional state is performed.
There is progress in hearing and vision diseases. With a systematic reception, memory, mental activity, concentration of attention improves. Means eliminate dizziness and migraines, activate cerebral circulation.
Reception is recommended for the formation of blood clots, atherosclerotic plaques, arrhythmias, bronchial asthma. It has a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect.
The extract reduces blood viscosity, dilates and cleanses blood vessels, reducing their fragility. Provides prevention of strokes, heart attacks, lowers cholesterol levels, normalizes blood pressure. By increasing insulin production and supporting the pancreas, it is used by diabetics.
Plant-based medicines are used as antiviral, immunomodulatory, antitoxic, diuretic and decongestant. Ginkgo Biloba is considered to be a stimulant of metabolism and intelligence.
Doctors have proven the positive effect of the extract in diseases of the lungs and heart. There has also been a slowdown in the progression of Alzheimer's disease with regular use of drugs.
Means based on Ginkgo Biloba have proven effective in various areas of human health and life. Often, the plant can be found in cosmetic formulations. The tree has won an honorable place in the pharmaceutical industry.
Possesses exceptional decorative qualities and healing properties. Unlike other trees of its time, it has survived, despite natural disasters and climatic shocks.
An amazing unpretentious plant contains a lot of rare components. It has rightfully gained popularity in landscaping, medicine and cosmetology.
We learn about planting and growing a relic in more detail when watching a video: