To obtain high yields in a greenhouse, it is necessary to very seriously approach the choice of a place for its installation on the site. Here it is important to take into account a variety of factors: illumination, wind flows, terrain, location relative to the cardinal points, soil quality, ease of connecting communications.
Therefore, let's talk about the rules for installing structures, their placement in relation to the cardinal points, methods of installation, choosing the right place, preparing the ground.
- Greenhouse efficiency
- Installation methods
- Choosing a place for a greenhouse
- Soil preparation
- How to arrange two greenhouses on the site
For the plants to be comfortable and they grow well, sunlight is needed. Thanks to him, the accumulation of nutrients and vitamins occurs. When the location chosen for the installation has insufficient lighting, it must be installed in such a way that the sun's rays fall on it in the morning. The building will warm up and keep it warm throughout the day.
We must not forget that the scorching sun is harmful to greenhouse crops. For protection, you will need to make a canopy, you can also cover the structure with any light material. In addition, the upper part of the structure can be whitewashed with chalk. This will shade the plants in the garden beds.
An important role in obtaining the maximum yield is played by the place where the greenhouse is installed.
It must meet the requirements:
- well lit by the sun
- be sheltered from the wind
- there must be no drafts
Growing light-loving plants indoors is impossible without sufficient sunlight. It is possible to increase the illumination with the help of electric lamps, but this leads to an increase in monetary costs. The use of natural light will help to save money.
Its lack becomes especially noticeable in winter, in early spring and late autumn. Therefore, it is necessary to place winter greenhouses so that they are not covered by high hedges, trees, shrubs, buildings.
For installation in regions where the summer is hot, a slightly different approach. Excessive sunlight contributes to the formation of burns in plants. In this regard, it is better when the building falls into the shade in the afternoon.
There are two ways to install the structure: with or without a foundation. Each of these methods has its own advantages and disadvantages. When installed without using a foundation, heat loss occurs, which in cold weather leads to an increase in heating costs.
But, tangible savings on materials for the foundation, installation and dismantling on their own, moving the structure to another place at any time.
The capital greenhouse is installed in a permanent place. For proper growth, an annual change of crops is needed - a crop rotation.
Failure to comply with this condition leads to depletion of the greenhouse soil, the development of pathogenic microflora and, as a rule, the death of planting material. Therefore, it is better to have two structures installed on the foundation on the site. This will make it possible to change crops painlessly and grow different vegetables annually.
Choosing a place for a greenhouse
How to choose the right place for installation? It should be even, if there is a slope, the site must be leveled.
The structure is installed at a distance of at least 3 meters from other buildings. With the correct installation of the greenhouse to the cardinal points, the plants receive more sunlight in the morning.
There are types of installation:
- latitudinal - when the side walls are directed from east to west;
- meridian - the ends are directed from north to south.
When the greenhouse is installed between buildings, there should be no drafts. You can install it close to the south side of the house
Trees and shrubs close to the structure will shade it, take moisture and nutrients from greenhouse crops, so that this does not happen, it is necessary to maintain a distance.
The quality of the soil under the greenhouse is of great importance. Soft ground can sag and your structure will tilt. The cover, frame and doors can deform or even break because of this.
If there is no place with dense soil on the site, a foundation is poured under the structure. It is also not recommended to install it on clay soil. When watering plants, clay retains moisture, which will lead to rotting crops.
The most suitable soil for installing a greenhouse is sandy. In the absence of this, the clay layer is removed, drainage, sand are poured, fertile soil on top.
In this case, it is necessary to take into account the height of the location of groundwater. They should be located no higher than one and a half meters from the surface. Otherwise, groundwater can do enormous harm.
Try to install the structure in a place protected from the wind. Due to the cold wind, heat is poorly retained in the structure, and the structure can also be damaged.
For protection, install a fence at least seven meters from the greenhouse. You can protect it from the wind with a shrub, planted at least twenty meters.
In the event that the site does not allow building a wind protection, place the greenhouse so that the air currents hit the front of the building.
This will keep the heat necessary to maintain a comfortable environment for plants during the cold season.
After examining the site and choosing a place suitable for installing a greenhouse, you need to determine the conformity of the soil. The most suitable soil is considered to be sand. It is very good when the groundwater is deep enough.
To determine the type of soil, it is necessary to dig a hole. It is a vertical pit measuring 70x70 centimeters and about 1.2 meters deep. The earth taken from the pit should be crumbly and not roll into a ball. If this is the case, then the soil is suitable in order to install a greenhouse on it. Otherwise, the soil must be corrected before installing the structure.
Along with the study of the soil, pay attention to whether water accumulates in the pit. If water accumulates, additional drainage is needed, but if it is not done, all the efforts of the gardener will be nullified.
By choosing the driest area, you do not need to equip drainage. To set it up, you need to dig a pit, the size of a greenhouse, to a depth of about 70 centimeters. The bottom of which is required to fill 10 centimeters with rubble, then pour sand with a layer of about 40 centimeters, and fill the rest of the place with a fertile substrate.
How to arrange two greenhouses on the site
How to properly arrange two greenhouses on the site? If you decide to put 2 greenhouses on the site, then this can be done in different ways.
If space permits, place buildings side by side, leaving a distance of 0.5 m to 0.7 m between them. This will allow you to freely walk between the greenhouses and carry out cleaning.
You can also put structures end-to-end to each other. It will turn out to be a long structure, but it will save space on the site. When installing structures in different places, far from each other, a significant increase in monetary investments will be required to carry out the necessary communications.
Do not locate your construction far from home. When connecting water, electricity, and sometimes gas, this will require an increase in costs.
Let's watch a useful video on how to properly orient the greenhouse to the cardinal points: