The beauty violet is one of the most common plants in home floriculture. A bright, beautiful violet that takes up little space, pleases with its flowering for a long time and gives a bright accent and comfort to any home and apartment.
- Brief description of the room violet
- Description of grade Le - dancer
- Features of care, growing home violets
- Breeding methods of Saintpaulia
Brief description of the room violet
Violet (Saintpaulia) belongs to the Gesneriaceae family and grows naturally in the highlands of tropical Africa. It is a small perennial flower with a short stem, from which numerous pubescent dark green leaves extend.
According to the shape of the flowers, it is divided into several groups:
And the flowers themselves are found completely different in color: from white, cream, pale pink to bright crimson, and dark purple, blue and cherry. And there are also varieties of multicolor, with a pattern or edging of a different shade.
The flowers are small in size (up to 2-4 cm), collected in inflorescences of several pieces, and the hybrids of varieties exceed them in size by several times. They have no aroma and breeders are actively working on breeding a variety with a pleasant aroma.
Home saintpaulia (indoor, uzambar) also has leaves of various shapes and colors. The leaves themselves are pubescent, fragile, light or dark green, rounded, slightly elongated or heart-shaped. Their surfaces are often decorated with spots, stripes, rays.
As indoor plants, this tropical visitor is not very capricious, blooms for a long time, but requires adherence to certain rules of self-care.
In apartments, ampel varieties are most often bred, which have more lush foliage, giving the flower festivity and elegance.
Description of grade Le - dancer
Le - dancer was bred by breeder Elena Lebetskaya. The variety stands out with a bright pink shade of orchid double flowers with a wide, even ribbon of white fringe along the edges of each petal.
The flowers are star-shaped and look as if they were molded from wax. The average size is about 5 cm. The foliage is colored in a light green tone, has a rounded shape, the rosette is standard.
The variety is distinguished by long flowering from the moment the first peduncle appears. The first flowering of violets - the dancers are accompanied by the flowering of 9 peduncles, without much effort from the grower, the variety blooms with beautiful bright caps and does not fade for a long time.
Features of care, growing home violets
If you want to grow this beauty in your apartment, you should know and follow some rules for caring for the plant.
For a flower, bright, but diffused light is favorable. Adequate lighting is a major factor in growing a robust, flowering plant. Direct sunlight is not permissible, they will harm the flower.
And the lack of light is immediately reflected in the bush - the leaves and flowers become faded, light, the cuttings are stretched, the leaves are drawn towards the light. In winter, it is advisable to extend the daylight hours and turn on the lamps. The duration of daylight hours should be 12-14 hours.
Watering and moisture
Watering is one of the important factors affecting the growth and development of a flower, and in this regard it is quite capricious. It is necessary to avoid drafts, excessive moisture or drying out of the soil mixture.
Watering is recommended 1-2 times a week, depending on the season, with soft, settled water of 18-25 degrees. It is better to use watering through a pallet, as the ingress of drops of water on the petioles, the outlet can provoke the development of rot.
Water is poured into the pallet at the level of 2/3 of the pot, and after half an hour its remainder is drained so that the root system does not rot. The plant likes wet rooms, but spraying a spray bottle is contraindicated for it.
The mix for growing tropical guests is easy to buy ready-made in specialty stores, but it is often too light and does not get saturated with moisture when watering.
You can make such a soil mixture with your own hands; for this, sifted garden soil and a little coarse sand are mixed. The prepared soil is calcined in the oven to get rid of parasites, microorganisms and bacteria.
For Saintpaulia and its small root system, choose a neat little pot. For young plants, the diameter should be about 6 cm, and for adults - up to 14 cm. A layer of expanded clay is placed on the bottom for good drainage in a pot.
It is required only during the period of active growth and flowering, it is not necessary to feed the bush in autumn and winter. Phosphorus and potassium are needed for abundant flowering, and nitrogen for strong leaves, but excess nitrogen can lead to a long absence of flowering.
Breeding methods for Saintpaulia
Cutting is considered the best way. Beautiful young leaves are selected and these cuttings can be planted in the soil immediately. They usually root well and quickly.
If you want to root the stalk in water, be careful when planting the rooted leaf in the pot, as the fragile roots often break. The stalk is placed in a container at an angle of 45 degrees, and the top is covered with glass or a transparent cap and practically "greenhouse" conditions are observed until new young leaves appear.
There are other less popular breeding methods, but they help to preserve varietal characteristics:
Dividing the bush
Overgrown Saintpaulias often form young rosettes, which are easy to separate with a sharp knife from the mother bush, trying to injure it as little as possible. A young bush is planted in a small pot, watered moderately and grown in a warm room with the mother plant.
From the peduncle
This method is suitable for hybrid varieties. The most beautiful peduncle is separated from the bush, cut off at the root with an inclination of 45 degrees. All buds and flowers are pinched off. Such a prepared peduncle is incubated in moss (sphagnum) in a small glass and watered with warm water. Tighten the top with a film, sometimes opening it for airing. Young leaves appear in 40-50 days.
The most difficult and time consuming way. The seeds are sown in a mixture of peat and sphagnum, lightly sprinkled with soil. The container with seeds is placed in a warm place for the "greenhouse" effect, and after the appearance of the first leaves, they are transplanted into separate pots.
In order for Saintpaulia to please you with long, abundant flowering, you should follow a number of agrotechnical rules for care, and the plant will thank you. Although Saintpaulia is considered capricious for home cultivation, you should not be afraid of difficulties, this flower is very responsive to care, and the abundance of varieties will help you find your favorite and most suitable one for you.
And the variety of violet dancer always looks great: both in the photo and in natural conditions.
We will familiarize ourselves with useful tips on how to care for violets when watching the video: