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Home maple (or abutilone) is a deciduous plant from the Malvaceae family. The shape of the leaves is similar to maple, which is why the flower got its name. Let's get acquainted with the rules of care.
- About the abutilon plant
- Choosing varieties for growing at home
- Plant care rules
- When and how to prune
- Reproduction methods
- Common Problems When Growing Home Maple
About the abutilon plant
Indoor maple is a shrub with large carved leaves of a bright color. It is famous for its long flowering period - from May to October. The property of the plant is colorful flowers in the form of bells. There are also specimens with funnel-shaped and wheel-shaped flowers.
Depending on the variety, the buds are characterized by red, cream, orange, gold, pink and violet hues.
Most varieties are represented by lush branching bushes with large saturated leaves. Homemade maple can grow up to 2 m in height. The stem is often reddish in color, the crown is quite thick.
In the natural environment, the bush reaches a more impressive size, will serve as a shelter from the intense sun. The closest relatives of the plant are hibiscus and mallow.
Wild abutilone grows in tropical or subtropical climates. Found in southeast Asia, Australia, Africa and South America. On the territory of Russia, abutilon Theophrastus grows, which does not have decorative properties.
Homemade maple is well suited for spacious rooms. It will decorate and complement the interior of living rooms, dining rooms, halls and offices. Due to its large size, it is not always suitable for small rooms and cramped houses.
Abutilon attracts the attention of esotericists. The plant is endowed with special properties. It is believed that the bush attracts positive energy. It is recommended to place it in your home to raise your mood and restore a sense of balance.
Choosing varieties for growing at home
In nature, there is a huge number of varieties of abutilones - over 200. Not all varieties are suitable for indoor cultivation. Large sizes and spreading crown are not always advisable indoors.
For keeping at home, the following varieties of indoor maple are used:
A branched large indoor shrub, growing up to 2 m. A distinctive feature of the variety is the striped color of the leaves and their extraordinary shape with blades and a pointed end.
The main asset of the Sello abutilon is its orange flowers with prominent red veins. The duration of flowering will please - from July to the beginning of frost.
The plant is equipped with long, spreading shoots with a hairy covering. The variety is very picturesque and famous for its exceptional decorative properties.
The flowers are large, yellow-orange with veins, there are varieties of pink color. The shape is like a bell. The buds are single or collected in inflorescences. The leaves of the plant are carved, 18-20 cm long.
The hybrid home maple was bred artificially by crossing several subspecies. There are specimens of different colors, with a maple or heart-shaped leaf plate.
Experienced flower growers recommend hybrid abutilon for indoor cultivation. Such plants boast a variety of shapes, colors, and grow very quickly.
A flower with a poetic name is particularly unpretentious. Interesting for gardeners due to its fast growth rate. The variety grows well in indoor conditions, unpretentious to light. The flowers are large, each 6 cm in diameter. The flowering period covers almost the entire year.
Abutilones are grown indoors, as well as in greenhouses. Flowers are used in landscaping winter gardens, offices and ceremonial halls.
Plant care rules
Homemade maple is a flower that does not require complex care. It is enough to organize the correct content and maintain the necessary parameters.
Soil and container
A mixture of coarse sand, earth and peat (or humus) is suitable for abutilon. In the first year of life, the flower needs a 1 liter container. Drainage holes are required. Please note that the plant will bloom only after the rhizomes have covered all the soil in the pot.
Air parameters and lighting
Proper lighting is important for the bush. Better if it is diffused light. West and east windows will do. The intense sun burns the leaves, the shade negatively affects the growth of greenery. From spring to autumn, the best temperature regime is 18-25 ° C. In winter, there is a dormant period when the pot is placed in a room with a temperature of 15 ° C.
The soil is regularly moistened. The most active watering is carried out during intensive growth and in the summer heat - twice a week. Keep track of the amount of water after the buds appear. Excess moisture is harmful, like drought, and can lead to falling flowers. From the end of autumn, the number of waterings is reduced to one in 1.5 weeks.
Abutilon needs fertilization before and during flowering.
From mid-spring to mid-autumn, fertilizing is used every 2 weeks. Organic and mineral products are suitable. In winter, the flower is fed no more than once every 1-1.5 months.
Caring for the plant is simple, even an amateur can keep it. Florists recommend in the warm season to take the pot out to the veranda or balcony, protecting the shoots from direct sunlight.
When and how to prune
Pruning abutilon is an important part of keeping a plant at home. The flower grows very quickly, during the season it can reach a height of 1.5 m. Without pruning, the bush loses its decorative effect.
Spring is the right time to cut off shoots. Before the start of intensive growth and flowering, the branches are shortened by a third of the length. Such actions are necessary for the formation of a beautiful crown and abundant flowering. If your strain is fast growing, trim the crown in half or two thirds.
To form a rounded shape, the branches are shortened evenly. To form a tree, the side shoots are cut as much as possible, leaving the central area unchanged.
In autumn, after flowering, wilted inflorescences and dry branches are removed. The formation of the crown is also carried out.
Never ignore cropping.
The procedure rejuvenates the homemade maple tree, helps to maintain the correct shape and prevents the shoots from overgrowing. The result is a neat houseplant.
Reproduction of abutilon is carried out in two ways - by cuttings and seeds. Each method has its own characteristics.
Planting is carried out in spring or summer, immersing the seeds 1 cm in a pre-moistened soil of earth, peat and sand. The container is covered with plastic wrap to maintain optimal humidity. During germination, they provide a temperature of at least 25 ° C, slightly reducing after the emergence of sprouts. The seedlings are regularly ventilated.
The sprouts are transplanted into small containers after the appearance of two leaves. When the root system gets stronger, the plant is carefully moved to the flowerpot, being careful not to damage the roots.
Cuttings 12 cm long are cut during spring pruning. The lower leaves are removed and the cut is treated with a root stimulation agent. The stalk is placed in moist soil. It is advisable to make a small greenhouse, for better rooting, and periodically air it.
After 2-4 weeks, the shelter is removed, and the upper shoots are pinched. Further, the plant needs standard care.
Common Problems When Growing Home Maple
According to the observations of lovers of home maple, its main drawback is its delicate foliage, which is easily attacked by pests. To combat aphids, scale insects and whiteflies, ready-made chemicals are used.
Florists in the process of growing are faced with the following problems:
- If the leaves of the indoor maple turn yellow, a lack of elements may be to blame. An ornamental flower requires nutritious soil and fertilizer.
- Dull color and excessive elongation of the leaf plates are the result of poor illumination.
- If the leaves turn yellow, dry and curl, it is possible that the sun gets on the bush and burns out with its rays.
- Falling buds can occur due to over-watering, a critical lack of moisture, or a sharp drop in temperature.
- The plant does not like drafts, waterlogging in a pot and temperature fluctuations. Most of the problems are eliminated by optimizing care and conditions.
Homemade maple will be a wonderful decoration for a winter garden or interior. By adjusting the intensity of pruning, you can get a lush plant or a neat bush.
With proper care, abutilon will delight you with lush flowers and luscious foliage.
You will learn more about the rules for caring for home maple by watching the video: