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Where does a real cedar grow, because Siberian pine grows in Russia


Cedar in our country is used to call Siberian pine (it is also cedar pine and Siberian cedar). In fact, these are completely different plants.

Content:

  1. Cedar and cedar pine
  2. Where and how much real cedar grows
  3. Where cedar pines grow
  4. Pine nuts
  5. Is it possible to grow a real cedar in the middle lane
  6. Features of growing cedar pine

Cedar and cedar pine

Siberian cedar and pine are evergreen trees belonging to the pine family. Like all conifers, they look alike in appearance. But there are enough differences.

What does a cedar look like?

Monoecious plant. It reaches a height of 40-50 m. It has a spreading crown. The trunk in girth reaches 3 m. The bark of the cedar is dark gray. In young plants, it is smooth, cracks with age and takes on a scaly appearance. Shoots are shortened and elongated. On long branches, the needles are arranged in a spiral.

The leaves are sharp, needle-like. Each needle has 3 or 4 faces. The color of the needles is dark green, blue-green or silver-gray. Stomata are located on the leaves on all sides. The needles grow on a leaf pillow in bundles of 30-40 pieces.

At the ends of the short branches there are spikelets surrounded by needles. The spikelets are about 5 cm long. The stamens are arranged in a spiral. Each stamen has two anthers.
The cedar cones are arranged vertically up one at a time. They are shaped like an egg or a barrel. The scales are like shingles, arranged in a spiral.

There are two seed depressions at the base of each scale. Seeds are triangular, covered with a thin film. 1/10 of their weight are large wings.

The cedar tree blooms in autumn. Some plant species live for several thousand years.

What does a Siberian pine look like?

Monoecious plant, reaching over 40 m in height. The trunk is up to 2 m in circumference. The crown is dense with several peaks. The bark is gray-brown, smooth in young trees and cracked in adults.

The branches of the cedar pine are thick, the shoots are shortened.

The needles are soft, about 10 cm long. The color of the leaves is dark green with a gray-blue tint. Triangular needles are collected in bunches of 5 pieces.

At the ends of the branches there are cone-shaped buds up to 1 cm in length. The kidney scales are long and pointed.

Male cones grow at the base of the branches, female cones at the ends. Their shape is ovoid, 5 cm wide and 12 cm long. Young buds are purple in color, then darken to brown. Wide rhomboid scales are tightly pressed and covered with a hard pile. There is a white process at the tip of each scutellum.

Cones ripen for more than a year until next fall. Fall off entirely without scattering.

Each cone contains 30-150 nuts. The seeds are up to 1.5 cm long and 1 cm wide. They are ovoid and dark brown in color. The wings are missing. Fruiting begins in about 60 years. The total life span is up to 800 years.

Where and how much real cedar grows

There are several types of real cedar.

Lebanese

This type of cedar has several distinctive features:

  • flat top;
  • a barrel-shaped bump;
  • dark triangular protrusion on the upper edge of the seed scale.

The plant lives at an altitude of 1000-2000 m above sea level in the Turkish mountains of Taurus and Antitavr, in Lebanon and Syria. In Russia, this tree grows on the coast of the Crimea.
The Lebanese cedar has a lifespan of 2000-3000 years. Crimean representatives of the species live less - 150-200 years. This is due to the calcareous soil, which is not suitable for the plant.

Himalayan

The crown of the plant is similar to a wide cone. The branches are located horizontally, bend down at the ends. In its natural environment, it lives in East Asia: in the northwest of the Himalayas, in the mountains of Pakistan, Afghanistan, Nepal, India. Grows up to 3500 m above sea level.

The life span is 1000 years. In favorable conditions, it can live up to 3000 years.

Cypriot (short-coniferous)

This type of cedar differs from its congeners in short needles up to 1 cm, short in height up to 12 m and smaller cones. The shape of the crown changes with age. At first, it looks like a cone, then it takes on a wide-spreading shape, in old age it becomes like an umbrella.

The Cyprus cedar lives in the lower belt of dry coniferous forests of the island of Cyprus. Some biologists classify it as a type of Lebanese cedar. The plant lives up to 500 years.

Atlas

Possesses a pyramidal crown. With age, the tip becomes flat. The leaves and cones are smaller than those of the Lebanese variety, but larger than those of the Cyprus cedar. Some botanists attribute the tree to the Lebanese species.

The lifespan is 800 years. In the wild, it grows at an altitude of 1300-2000 m above sea level on Mount Atlas in Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia.

Thanks to artificial breeding, all types of plants, except for short-coniferous ones, now grow in Russia on the Black Sea coast and in the south of Central Asia.

Where cedar pines grow

Siberian pine is a much more common species. In the wild, it lives in the taiga, in the mountains and in swamps. Occurs in Mongolia and North China.

In our country, it grows mainly in Western Siberia. In Eastern Siberia, it grows closer to the southern border. Grows in Central and Southern Altai. To the west of the Ural Mountains, the tree is distributed up to the Timan ridge.

Cedar pine is also found in the European north of Russia. In these parts it prevails in the Arkhangelsk and Vologda regions. Several trees remained in the Kostroma region.

Pine nuts

What we used to call cedar nuts has nothing to do with cedar. Real cedar seeds are inedible. They eat Siberian pine nuts.
Pine nut shells are widely used. Their oil has found application in cosmetology.

Cedar pine seeds are rich in vitamins and microelements.

They have many useful properties:

  • increase physical and psychological tone;
  • improve brain function;
  • slow down the aging process;
  • reduce the risk of cancer and cardiovascular diseases;
  • strengthens skin, hair, and nails;
  • have a beneficial effect on the nervous and reproductive system;
  • increase potency;
  • normalize blood clotting;
  • stimulate the independent production of vitamins;
  • maintain normal hemoglobin;
  • promote the production of collagen, which is essential for joints and skin;
  • normalize water-salt balance;
  • strengthen bones;
  • increase attention;
  • improve memory.

On the shell of cedar seeds, infusions and decoctions are made. Due to their anti-inflammatory effect, they are used to treat wounds, ulcers and other manifestations of skin diseases. When taken internally, the work of the digestive tract improves.

Oil in medicine is used in the composition of ointments and inhalations. As a cosmetic product, it helps in the restoration of hair, eyelashes and skin. It is added to creams and masks.

Is it possible to grow a real cedar in the middle lane

It is believed that true cedar can withstand frosts down to -30 C. But this is only true for a short-term drop in temperature. The tree will not survive the winter of the middle lane.
In our country, real cedar is found only on the Black Sea coast.

In colder regions, dwarf breeds are grown at home. Unfortunately, you will not be able to enjoy a mighty handsome man on a personal plot.

Features of growing cedar pine

But Siberian pine in Russia is successfully grown in any climate. The main thing is to responsibly approach the choice of a site for planting and properly care for the plant.
For the first 5 years, the tree is grown at home in a pot. Only upon reaching a height of 1 meter is the plant transplanted into open ground.

The sprout or seed is planted in a spacious container so that the root system is comfortable. In the pot, drainage holes and a tray for removing excess liquid are required.

The soil should be chosen loose and fertile, without peat. To protect against pests, oxidants are added to the soil.

Root growth biostimulator is used as a top dressing. Preference is given to special fertilizers for conifers. Excessive use of additives will damage the pine tree.

Siberian pines love abundant watering during the hot season. In summer, the soil around the tree is moistened as it dries. In autumn, watering is reduced, in winter they stop altogether.
In order to bring the conditions of detention as close as possible to their natural habitat, for the winter the tree is put on the balcony or on the street. You do not need to cover the plant.

When planting in open ground, site selection is important. It should be borne in mind that the pine has a spreading crown. An adult tree will need enough space.

When planting in groups, a distance of at least 7 m is observed between the plants.It is necessary to retreat from the walls of the buildings by at least 3 m.

Cedar pine loves sunlight. At the same time, it is resistant to cold and winds. A well-lit hill will be optimal for planting. It is worth giving preference to loamy loose soil without an overabundance of groundwater.

Siberian pine is frost-hardy. In winter, it is not covered or mulched. She does not need top dressing and watering.

The tree is pruned in the spring. It is enough to remove the dried branches. Decorative shaping is usually not required. For the procedure, use a sharp pruner, disinfected with alcohol. Places of cuts must be treated with a pitch.

Cedar is a beautiful and powerful plant. Unfortunately, only residents of the southern regions can become its owner in our country.

The rest of the gardeners just have to enjoy the Siberian pine in their backyard. She has little in common with a true cedar, but she is also very beautiful.

You can get even more information about Siberian pine by watching the video:


Watch the video: How to grow Atlas cedar from the seeds? Part 1 (January 2022).