Cinnamomum camphora, or cinnamomum, is an evergreen tree of variable size, between 20 and 35 meters high, originating from Asia. It has an erect and powerful trunk, with a rounded and elongated, dense, well branched crown; the bark is gray-brown, with deep fissures. The large oval leaves, slightly pointed, are dark green, just popped are suffused with a beautiful bright red, furrowed longitudinally with light green veins; in spring the cinnamon produces short spikes composed of small creamy white flowers, inconspicuous, followed by roundish berries, red, become black when they are ripe. At one time, camphor oil was extracted from Cinnamomum camphora, used in herbal medicine and to keep insects away; this oil, very aromatic, is contained in all parts of the plant, it is toxic to humans if ingested in large quantities. It seems that the ingestion of fruits by animals is a cause of sterility.
As for the cultivation advice for the cultivation of cinnamon, it is advisable to place it in a sunny place, or partially shaded; these majestic trees do not fear the cold, even if late frosts can ruin the new spring shoots.
Cinnamomum trees camphora they do not require special care or pruning, generally they can withstand even long periods of drought, but it is good to regularly water the youngest and most delicate plants and those planted recently.
Being a tree of large size the camphor is suitable only for large gardens or public parks: for example, some specimens can be seen in the large spaces surrounding the villas of Lake Maggiore.
We must take into account the development that this type of plant can have and place it in a place where it can grow without problems and without obstructing the rest of the vegetation.
camphor trees prefer loose, fresh and very well drained soils; they prefer a slightly acidic soil and are very afraid of water stagnation, which can quickly lead to the death of the plant. In placing a home camphor tree It is good to remember to add to the garden soil a mature organic fertilizer and a good quantity of sand or pumice of medium granulometry.
Pay close attention to the soil where your tree is planted and check that it allows perfect drainage, which is essential for the health of the plant.
The multiplication of trees by cinnamon it happens by seed; these plants produce a large number of fertile seeds, which give life to numerous seedlings at the base of the "mother" plant, in some areas of the world it is forbidden to plant them, since they have become weeds; it is sown as soon as the fruits are ripe, taking them from the pulp of small fruits. It can also be propagated by semi-woody cutting, in late summer.
Camphor, Cinnamomum - Cinnamomum camphora: Parasitic diseases
The plant specimens belonging to this particular variety have a rustic and resistant character and, generally, do not fear the threat of pests or diseases.