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Application of the safflower plant in folk medicine, cosmetology, cooking


Man has long been accustomed to using plants not only for cooking, but also as a means for preparing medicines. Many of them are widely used in cosmetology, cooking and landscape design.

One of these representatives of the flora is safflower, which has a lot of useful properties. Let's take a look at the uses of the safflower plant in traditional medicine.

Content:

  1. Description of the safflower plant
  2. What nutrients does it contain?
  3. Safflower oil to normalize the gastrointestinal tract and lose weight
  4. The use of tea, decoction and safflower infusion in folk medicine
  5. The use of the safflower plant in cooking
  6. The use of safflower in beauticians
  7. Contraindications for use
  8. Using safflower as an ornamental plant
  9. Is it difficult to grow, features of care

Description of the plant

The plant belongs to the Asteraceae or Asteraceae family. Ethiopia and Afghanistan are considered his homeland. Currently, safflower grows in India, China, USA, the countries of the Middle East and Western Europe. On the territory of Russia, it can be found in the Crimea, Saratov, Kursk and Astrakhan regions.

In literary sources, you can find another name for the plant - cartamus. It arose due to the presence of a coloring element (kartamina) in the inflorescences of the plant.

When a flower is lowered into water, it acquires a rich yellow hue, and into alcohol - a red one. Safflower dye got its name due to its use as a substance for dyeing various materials.

The plant has a massive stem, reaching a height of 1 to 1.5 m, fleshy leaves with thorns or thorns and a branched root that descends to a depth of 2 m... Safflower inflorescence reaches a diameter of 4 cm and resembles a large basket.

There can be about 50 of them on one plant. You might think that the inflorescence is a single flower, but it is represented by small elements located close enough to each other.

The flowers are of the tubular type, since their petals at the bottom grow together into a tube.

Safflower seeds resemble sunflower seeds. Pollination occurs in a natural cross way (insects, wind), in rare cases, self-pollination is possible.

Cartamus has many useful properties, so it is used not only as a coloring agent, but also as a remedy for various diseases. It can be purchased in the pharmacy in the form of tea or oil, as well as in the market from people who collect and sell medicinal plants.

What nutrients does it contain?

The flowers of this representative of the flora contain the following chemical elements:

  • calcium;
  • sodium;
  • potassium;
  • magnesium;
  • iron.

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Additionally, they contain cartamine, vitamins D, C and A, flavonoids (luteolin, isocartamidine), chalcone glycosides and caryophyllene.

The composition of the seeds is also enriched with various useful substances:

  • lignane alcohols;
  • polyunsaturated fatty acids. In the composition of the oil, their share is 75%;
  • vitamins of group B, K, F and E;
  • protein.

Due to the presence in the composition of such a variety of useful elements, the plant is widely used in folk medicine to achieve the following goals:

  • improved blood circulation;
  • lowering cholesterol and blood glucose levels;
  • excretion of excess bile;
  • cleansing baking;
  • strengthening of blood vessels;
  • decrease in pressure;
  • strengthening the immune system;
  • normalization of metabolism, functionality of the digestive tract, genitourinary system and menstrual cycle;
  • activates brain processes;
  • elimination of bleeding;
  • reduction of pain and localization of the inflammatory process in rheumatoid arthritis;
  • elimination of toxic substances from the body;
  • burning subcutaneous fat to promote weight loss;
  • elimination of psycho-emotional overstrain.

Safflower oil to normalize the gastrointestinal tract and lose weight

If you have some problems with the digestive system or you need to get rid of extra pounds, then the linoleic acid present in the oil will be an excellent assistant to solve these problems.

An oil-added diet has the following benefits:

  • when consuming one capsule of oil (2 tsp) per day during weight loss, there is no need to exclude certain foods from the diet, compile tables of their intake and constantly calculate calories;
  • weight is reduced gradually without harming the body;
  • you will not need to take additional vitamin and mineral complexes, since the oil contains all the necessary micronutrients, and spend material resources on expensive supplements that contribute to weight loss;
  • the diet is low-carb;
  • the daily dosage of oil is 10% of the required dose of calories;
  • normalization of digestion and the state of intestinal microflora. The oil is recommended to be taken within 3 weeks;
  • elimination of constipation (oil is taken in pure form or added to cooked dishes);
  • restoration of intestinal motility;
  • safflower oil is added to medicines made for the treatment of gastritis and ulcers.

In the treatment of obesity, this product is recommended for patients with a history of diabetes mellitus or heart disease, as the oil removes cholesterol from the body and helps to lower blood sugar.

The use of tea, decoction and safflower infusion in folk medicine

Medicines prepared from the flowers of the plant are widely used in folk medicine. Let's present some recipes.

With pathologies of the kidneys, liver, heart and gastrointestinal tract, it is recommended to use tea from cartamus. For its preparation 0.5 tsp. flowers are poured into 200 ml. boiling water. Then the vessel is closed with a lid, and after 30 minutes. filter the resulting tea. The remedy must be drunk before bedtime, but it can also be taken again during the day.

Infusion of flowers will help to cope with gastritis. The plant mass must first be dried and chopped. Then 2 tsp. flowers are poured into 1 glass of boiling water. You need to insist the product in a thermos for 1 hour. Use it for 1 tbsp. 3-4 p. a day after a meal.

For the treatment of psoriasis, a decoction or safflower water is used. For cooking 4 l... water is brought to a boil, and then 1 tsp of plant flowers is added to it. After 5 min. turn off the fire and leave the broth to cool. You need to store such a product in the refrigerator. They consume it 4 glasses a day.

Folk remedies should be used after consultation with the attending physician in combination with drug therapy.

The use of the safflower plant in cooking

The main ways to use the plant in cooking:

  • when deep-fried and frying, safflower oil is used, since it does not smoke as much as regular sunflower oil;
  • flowers give dishes an orange or yellow tint;
  • salad dressing with oil. In terms of taste, it does not differ much from sunflower, but it brings much more health benefits and does not freeze at low temperatures;
  • the herb petal seasoning enhances the taste of meat, fish and legumes. Safflower is often used as a substitute for saffron;
  • dressings and sauces based on safflower oil have a pleasant taste and beautiful color.

In addition to preparing various dishes, cartamus flowers can be added to teas. They will give a rich shade to the drink, a pleasant floral aroma and have a beneficial effect on human health, enriching his body with various useful substances.

The use of safflower in beauticians

Cosmetics made with oil or flowers have the following positive effects:

  • acceleration of skin regeneration. This property makes tanning creams highly effective;
  • give hair shine and smoothness, and also reduce the risk of hair loss;
  • elimination of inflammatory processes, peeling and microcracks on the epidermis occurs due to the presence of antioxidants in safflower oil;
  • saturation of hair with moisture and vitamins. Safflower shampoos, lotions or masks are very effective for dry, brittle and lifeless hair;
  • due to the presence of vitamin E, the oil is widely used in the manufacture of anti-aging products, moisturizers and nourishing creams for the skin;
  • by improving blood circulation, the skin acquires a healthy color;
  • normalization of subcutaneous fat production. This property helps a person to eliminate increased oily hair and skin;
  • restoration of the hydrolipid balance.

Due to the above properties, cosmetics with the addition of elements of such a plant are excellent for the fair sex, whose age has reached 45 years, as it helps them eliminate wrinkles, tones and increases the elasticity of the skin, prolonging its youth.

For girls and women who often visit hairdressers for hair dyeing, perm and styling, cartamus oil or cosmetics based on it will help restore the lost shine, thickness, silkiness and volume of hair.

Their loss also becomes a common problem after performing such procedures. To solve it, it is recommended to apply oil on the head 2 r. per week, spreading evenly over the entire length of the hair and massaging the ends. After a month, you will notice a positive effect. Your hair will shine and radiate a healthy look.

Contraindications for use

The main unpleasant property of Cartamus is its poor combination with various medications.

In the case of conservative therapy, it must be borne in mind that excessive consumption of safflower during this period can have a negative effect on the body:

  • headache and dizziness;
  • dyspnea;
  • nausea;
  • chest and abdominal pain;
  • loss of appetite.

Doctors prohibit the use of cartamus-based products in the following situations:

  • blood clotting disorder. Its liquefaction can cause bleeding, therefore, you will need to consult a doctor first;
  • pregnancy. There is a risk of miscarriage or premature delivery;
  • individual intolerance to phytopreparations, manifested in the form of allergic reactions;
  • serious intestinal disorders. The laxative effect of safflower in these cases will lead to dehydration.

Self-medication in most cases leads to the development of serious complications, so first consult with your doctor if the use of safflower-based products will not harm.

Using safflower as an ornamental plant

Florists use the plant for the following purposes:

  • giving flower beds (rabatka, mixborder) and lawns on the borders of originality;
  • creation of bright dry bouquets;
  • decor for summer cottages and gardens;
  • filling voids in hanging flower beds;
  • from safflower create ceremonial compositions to decorate the entrance or arbors.

Usually the plant is combined with flowers such as cornflower, snapdragon, calendula, daisy, verbena.

Is it difficult to grow, features of care

Basic rules for disembarking a cartamus:

  • in the fall, the soil is loosened with harrows, and then it is plowed and enriched with nitrogen fertilizers. This will help eliminate weed roots and retain moisture in the soil;
  • there should not be a high occurrence of groundwater, which will lead to waterlogging of the soil;
  • if there is stagnant water, drainage must be installed;
  • the plant loves warmth and sunlight;
  • a field that was sown with cereals last year is perfect for planting;
  • it is impossible to re-grow safflower on the same field, the break must be at least 5-6 years;
  • Loam and sandy loam are considered good soils for Cartamus;
  • sowing is carried out at the very beginning of the sowing season;
  • the distance between the rows of seeds is 50-70 cm.

Leaving will not be difficult, since the plant does not require watering. In the process of its growth, it is necessary to fertilize the soil during flowering or at its beginning, and also to clear it of weeds, since the cartamus does not really like this neighborhood.

Harvesting can be done after 4 months, when the flowers turn yellow and the seeds are dry. Harvesters are used for this purpose.

Such a representative of the flora has a lot of useful properties, so its use will help not only improve the taste of your dishes, but also normalize your overall health.

Be aware of side effects and contraindications, so please consult your doctor before using safflower-based products.

You can find out more information about safflower by watching the video:


Watch the video: The Secrets of Safflower (December 2021).