Fern is one of the most ancient and mysterious plants on our planet. Let's figure out what kind of land is needed for planting a fern, whether you can cook it yourself.
- Indoor fern soil - the best composition
- What ready-made soil can be purchased in stores
- Transplant rules
- Causes of drying, shedding of foliage: how to save a fern
Indoor fern soil - the best composition
Ferns belong to the department of vascular plants, are perennial epiphytes and are divided into several categories and species:
Along with wild species, a large number of cultivated species have been bred that can be grown at home:
- Nephrolepsis is native to the tropics of America with large leaves, curved in an arc, each 45-60 cm long. This is one of the most common and unpretentious types for growing at home.
- Maidenhair (hair Venus). This species loves darkened areas, has thin, delicate and light leaves on dark stems.
- Platiterium is a plant with large flat leaves reaching 60-70 cm in length with a bluish bloom. Due to its growth in different directions, it looks like deer antlers.
- The common ostrich grows in damp forests, in the floodplains of rivers and resembles the plumage of an ostrich.
- Bracken is a common species that can grow even in arid regions.
- The male shieldworm prefers moist shady forests, is poisonous. Foliage grows very slowly up to 30-150 cm.
- The female kochedzhnik is found in ravines, on peat bogs. The foliage is openwork, carved, dies off during the cold period.
- Davallia has characteristic red-colored rhizomes that hang from the edges of the planter. The foliage is juicy green.
- Asplenium is distinguished by wavy edges of the leaf plates. Dislikes when his leaves are touched.
- Blehnum resembles a palm tree, and the crown, consisting of tough fringes, grows up to 1 meter in diameter.
- Polypodium (centipede) is characterized by large, heavily dissected leaves, and the bush is able to grow in the air, holding the rhizome to the surface.
The optimal soil for growing nephrolepis or indoor fern is loose soil, filled with humus from fallen leaves, peat, needles, coarse sand, turf soil.
The acidity of the soil for the fern should be slightly increased. The ideal option is the presence of leafy, sod, peat soils, sand and humus.
What ready-made soil can be purchased in stores
Now on store shelves you can find various types of soil for indoor plants. They indicate acidity, ingredients, composition.
Knowing which soil composition is favorable for nephrolepis, you can find a suitable one in specialized stores, with a recommended acidity of 5-6.6 ph.
Biohumus in various variations and leaf humus are added to the purchased soil for succulents (peat, sand, minerals).
But in any case, this soil should not contain:
- large pieces of wood
- weed seeds
For young bushes, the soil should be shallower, softer, looser. To create such an effect, expanded clay, foam crumbs, and ground pumice in small proportions are added to the pot.
There are several popular methods for self-preparation and soil preparation.
Leafy soil is mixed with verticulite, expanded clay, greenhouse and turf soil, coarse sand in a ratio of 2: 1: 1: 1: 1.
Mix in equal proportions of humus, peat and leafy soil.
Peat, humus, leafy soil are mixed in equal proportions and a little bone meal is added to the resulting mixture, about 1/5 part.
Heavy clay soils cannot be used, since nephrolepis will not be able to fully receive useful substances and liquid, it will start to hurt, and the root system will rot in such an environment.
The question of how to transplant a fern is asked by many growers, although in fact it is easy to do it.
The main thing is to follow a number of rules:
- transplanted 1-2 times a year in the spring, but only if the root system has grown and completely occupied the volume of the entire pot
- when transplanted in autumn, the plant can often hurt
- if the roots have not fully grown, only replacing the top layer of the soil will be sufficient.
It is advisable to choose a pot based on the principles:
- the width of the container for planting should be equal to the height
- wide enough bottom, not narrow
- smooth, not thick walls
- porous, breathable material
- size - 2-3 cm wider in diameter than the previous one
Based on the basic requirements, fired clay pots are considered the most suitable. Nephrolepis is transplanted only by transshipment, without clearing the roots from the old soil, so as not to injure them.
The bush is taken out of the pot, transferred to a new one and fresh soil mixture is added, leaving the base of the stem above the surface.
Nephrolepis should be planted no deeper than in the previous pot.
Causes of drying, shedding of foliage, how to save a fern
The main reasons for foliage drying can be different.
Most often, amateurs - flower growers encounter such a phenomenon in the off-season, in spring and autumn, when the heating has been turned on or has not yet been turned off.
Too high room temperatures, combined with dry air from radiators, leads to gradual drying of the leaves, starting from their tips. Or brown spots appear, spreading throughout the leaf plate.
Wrong watering regime
It is necessary to maintain constant humidity in the pot, not overflowing, but also avoiding frequent overdrying of the earthen coma.
The appearance of pests
A frequent "guest" on this handsome indoor man can be attributed to the scabbard, which feeds on juice from foliage and stems. The active vital activity of the pest leads to the gradual death of the foliage.
Excessive watering affects as negatively as overdrying. The first signs of waterlogging are brown or brown spots on the leaves, then they dry out completely.
How to help the plant? To know how to save a fern, you need to clearly understand the cause of the problem.
If the cause of all the troubles is the scabbard, you need to start a fight with it as soon as possible:
- remove all damaged leaves
- treat the bush and the container in which it is located with insecticides, sometimes with re-treatment
With dry air in the room, rearranging the fern pot away from radiators, covering them with a damp cloth, daily spraying from a spray bottle, and using humidifiers will help.
If the fern dries and crumbles as a result of a violation of the water regime, it is easy to revive and restore it: the container with nephrolepis is immersed in settled water at room temperature until the earthen coma is completely moistened.
Repetition of the procedure once a week will quickly save any plant, even a very dry plant.
Flower growers all over the world appreciate indoor fern for its unpretentious care and high decorative effect. Many of its types are able to purify indoor air, which is important for residents of large cities.
In order to grow a beautiful fern, you just need to choose the right soil mixture and observe the watering regime.
We offer you to watch an interesting video about planting and growing a fern as a houseplant: